Dimensions of conflict — Pakistan
cal reaction to every happening. 1947 was the culmination of the efforts of the Muslims of India. It was Iqbal’s vision and political success of Jinnah. Drawing room intellectuals mostly obsessed by Indian Media, writers and glamour today create confusion in Pakistani society raising question mark on Two Nation Theory. To them, it got drowned in 1971 in the Bay of Bengal. It is the line Indian scholars intellectuals and politicians propagate on media.
After the creation of Bangladesh, Hindu majority desired merger of East Paksitan with India in which they failed due to international pressure. Bangladesh has a secular constitution but the Muslims of Bangladesh, time and again, proved that they are an Islamic entity. It is pertinent so called intellectuals should read the Indian authors and specially the writings of Nehru, Vallu Bhai Patel and founders of RSS on the question of Hindu Muslim unity. Nehru, lamented that their forefathers failed to indianise the muslims. Whereas, the RSS founders strongly advocate Muslim can be tolerated as subject but not as a part of community. This sentiment is not restricted to couple of decades it has its foundation going back to over thousand of years. Every new entrants into Indian sub continent was absorbed and indianised, wrongly called Hindu. Hindu is only a word (disfigured from Sindhu adopted by Persian invaders) and not a religion.
They may be Greeks, Persian, huns or others except the Muslims. Muslims and Hindu lived together as Rulers and subjects and not as a integrated community. Post 1947, the conflict in Kashmir, killings of millions at the time of migration and holding on to Pakistan shares of assets to ensure that the new born state collapses within six months (Patel in Central Executive Committee meeting on approving of partition plan). It is the resilience of Pakistanis they weathered the onslaught. The leadership of Jinnah and others were dedicated politicians. They earnestly worked to strengthen the new country. The rot started, soon after Quaid. Our leadership not only fell to the mechanizations of the foreign powers. The greed and corruption commenced with settlement claims, It has penetrated the very skin of Pakistan Society. Corruption is graduated as art of Democracy.
Present scenario is depressing, yes it is the resilience of the Pakistani nation that it withstood all odds. The blame game is the norm of the day. Politicians and political parties not only nurture the terrorists group and are still not ready to jointly condemn and combat them. The responsibility is broad based across the board. The result is inter and intra polarization in the every segment of the society, between religious groups – institutions and politicians, inter institutions and socio economic strata. It culminates into stress, irritation and lead to mob violence and in tolerance. Over and above there is massive foreign funding in FATA (in the name of Islam & Jihad) in Balochistan (in the name of rights of depressed) to polarize Pakistan the way it was done pre 1971 East Pakistan.
Elements in Balochistan (less then 2%) of population of province are promised heaven on earth by foreign fund managers. Democracy even in worst form is the only route for the nation to rebuild its fractious structure. Rule of law and plugging corruption is the key. It may take a while but first step is vital. West Minister style democracy gifted to us by the colonial rulers has failed to pro- duce results. Majority bulldoze decisions. The British developed and maintained it in eight hundred years. It is not prevalent any where in the world except in the former colonies of British Raj. Each country has a form of government and the constitution suited to states objectives, culture and psyche. The French, Germans,Americans, European and Russia all are democracies. West Minister style democracy fundamentally allow majority rule elected even on minimal turnover and superficial majority. Elite rule through its brute force.
Typical issue today is the legacy of the post colonial continuity of rule. It is a perverted relationship between state and its people. Majority represent not an ideology but religion and ethnicity. See the unity of the politicians, on the question of Article 62 and 63, honest implementation would debar them from power, hence, no body wants to get it implemented. All the amendments in the constitution which have been made in the last couple of years are to strengthen the Status Quo. With 40 million bogus votes, now removed from the electoral list, in the last election, only 40% going for the voting, majority parties at best could claim 13 to 14% of the representation. Still they claim to represent 180 million. The continuity of depression amongst people manifest into protests initially and ultimately to anarchy. To initiate change, rebuilding of trust, reforms in the system of government, electoral reforms and strengthening revival of civil services will ensure better governance. Pluralism and tolerance is the key. —The writer, a Brigadier (Retd), is Defence & political analyst and veteran of 1965 and 1971 wars.