Di­men­sions of con­flict — Pak­istan

Pakistan Observer - - EDITORIALS & COMMENTS - Tariq Khalil

cal re­ac­tion to ev­ery hap­pen­ing. 1947 was the cul­mi­na­tion of the ef­forts of the Mus­lims of In­dia. It was Iqbal’s vi­sion and po­lit­i­cal success of Jin­nah. Draw­ing room in­tel­lec­tu­als mostly ob­sessed by In­dian Me­dia, writ­ers and glam­our to­day cre­ate con­fu­sion in Pak­istani so­ci­ety rais­ing ques­tion mark on Two Na­tion The­ory. To them, it got drowned in 1971 in the Bay of Ben­gal. It is the line In­dian schol­ars in­tel­lec­tu­als and politi­cians prop­a­gate on me­dia.

Af­ter the cre­ation of Bangladesh, Hindu ma­jor­ity de­sired merger of East Pak­si­tan with In­dia in which they failed due to in­ter­na­tional pres­sure. Bangladesh has a sec­u­lar con­sti­tu­tion but the Mus­lims of Bangladesh, time and again, proved that they are an Is­lamic en­tity. It is per­ti­nent so called in­tel­lec­tu­als should read the In­dian au­thors and spe­cially the writ­ings of Nehru, Vallu Bhai Pa­tel and founders of RSS on the ques­tion of Hindu Mus­lim unity. Nehru, lamented that their fore­fa­thers failed to in­di­anise the mus­lims. Whereas, the RSS founders strongly ad­vo­cate Mus­lim can be tol­er­ated as sub­ject but not as a part of com­mu­nity. This sen­ti­ment is not re­stricted to cou­ple of decades it has its foun­da­tion go­ing back to over thou­sand of years. Ev­ery new en­trants into In­dian sub con­ti­nent was ab­sorbed and in­di­anised, wrongly called Hindu. Hindu is only a word (dis­fig­ured from Sindhu adopted by Per­sian in­vaders) and not a re­li­gion.

They may be Greeks, Per­sian, huns or oth­ers ex­cept the Mus­lims. Mus­lims and Hindu lived to­gether as Rulers and sub­jects and not as a in­te­grated com­mu­nity. Post 1947, the con­flict in Kash­mir, killings of mil­lions at the time of mi­gra­tion and hold­ing on to Pak­istan shares of as­sets to en­sure that the new born state col­lapses within six months (Pa­tel in Cen­tral Ex­ec­u­tive Com­mit­tee meet­ing on ap­prov­ing of par­ti­tion plan). It is the re­silience of Pak­ista­nis they weath­ered the on­slaught. The lead­er­ship of Jin­nah and oth­ers were ded­i­cated politi­cians. They earnestly worked to strengthen the new coun­try. The rot started, soon af­ter Quaid. Our lead­er­ship not only fell to the mech­a­niza­tions of the for­eign pow­ers. The greed and cor­rup­tion com­menced with set­tle­ment claims, It has pen­e­trated the very skin of Pak­istan So­ci­ety. Cor­rup­tion is grad­u­ated as art of Democ­racy.

Present sce­nario is de­press­ing, yes it is the re­silience of the Pak­istani na­tion that it with­stood all odds. The blame game is the norm of the day. Politi­cians and po­lit­i­cal par­ties not only nur­ture the ter­ror­ists group and are still not ready to jointly con­demn and com­bat them. The re­spon­si­bil­ity is broad based across the board. The re­sult is in­ter and in­tra po­lar­iza­tion in the ev­ery seg­ment of the so­ci­ety, be­tween re­li­gious groups – in­sti­tu­tions and politi­cians, in­ter in­sti­tu­tions and so­cio eco­nomic strata. It cul­mi­nates into stress, ir­ri­ta­tion and lead to mob vi­o­lence and in tol­er­ance. Over and above there is mas­sive for­eign fund­ing in FATA (in the name of Is­lam & Ji­had) in Balochis­tan (in the name of rights of de­pressed) to po­lar­ize Pak­istan the way it was done pre 1971 East Pak­istan.

El­e­ments in Balochis­tan (less then 2%) of pop­u­la­tion of province are promised heaven on earth by for­eign fund man­agers. Democ­racy even in worst form is the only route for the na­tion to re­build its frac­tious struc­ture. Rule of law and plug­ging cor­rup­tion is the key. It may take a while but first step is vi­tal. West Min­is­ter style democ­racy gifted to us by the colo­nial rulers has failed to pro- duce re­sults. Ma­jor­ity bull­doze de­ci­sions. The Bri­tish devel­oped and main­tained it in eight hun­dred years. It is not preva­lent any where in the world ex­cept in the former colonies of Bri­tish Raj. Each coun­try has a form of government and the con­sti­tu­tion suited to states ob­jec­tives, cul­ture and psy­che. The French, Ger­mans,Amer­i­cans, Euro­pean and Rus­sia all are democ­ra­cies. West Min­is­ter style democ­racy fun­da­men­tally al­low ma­jor­ity rule elected even on min­i­mal turnover and su­per­fi­cial ma­jor­ity. Elite rule through its brute force.

Typ­i­cal is­sue to­day is the legacy of the post colo­nial con­ti­nu­ity of rule. It is a per­verted re­la­tion­ship be­tween state and its peo­ple. Ma­jor­ity rep­re­sent not an ide­ol­ogy but re­li­gion and eth­nic­ity. See the unity of the politi­cians, on the ques­tion of Ar­ti­cle 62 and 63, hon­est im­ple­men­ta­tion would de­bar them from power, hence, no body wants to get it im­ple­mented. All the amend­ments in the con­sti­tu­tion which have been made in the last cou­ple of years are to strengthen the Sta­tus Quo. With 40 mil­lion bo­gus votes, now re­moved from the elec­toral list, in the last elec­tion, only 40% go­ing for the vot­ing, ma­jor­ity par­ties at best could claim 13 to 14% of the rep­re­sen­ta­tion. Still they claim to rep­re­sent 180 mil­lion. The con­ti­nu­ity of de­pres­sion amongst peo­ple man­i­fest into protests ini­tially and ul­ti­mately to anar­chy. To ini­ti­ate change, re­build­ing of trust, re­forms in the sys­tem of government, elec­toral re­forms and strength­en­ing re­vival of civil ser­vices will en­sure bet­ter gov­er­nance. Plu­ral­ism and tol­er­ance is the key. —The writer, a Bri­gadier (Retd), is De­fence & po­lit­i­cal an­a­lyst and veteran of 1965 and 1971 wars.

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