TTP’S un-is­lamic prac­tices

Pakistan Observer - - EDITORIALS & COMMENTS - Sa­j­jad Shaukat Email: saj­jad_­logic@ya­hoo.com

ern­ment. He also di­rected the peo­ple to stay away from polls which were only serv­ing the in­ter­ests of in­fi­dels and en­e­mies of Is­lam. It is no­table that af­ter pass­ing through var­i­ous forms of gov­ern­ments such as monar­chy, dic­ta­tor­ship, Com­mu­nism etc., west­ern coun­tries es­tab­lished the demo­cratic sys­tem, as it em­pow­ers peo­ple to gov­ern through their elected rep­re­sen­ta­tives, and make de­ci­sions as agreed by the ma­jor­ity. De­spite it, the op­po­si­tion is free to op­pose any de­ci­sion of the rul­ing party. In case of any vi­o­la­tion of the con­sti­tu­tion or demo­cratic norms, the op­po­si­tion party can go to the court. In fact, it is a rep­re­sen­ta­tive sys­tem which is based upon equal­ity of all the peo­ple, en­sur­ing en­force­ment of rule of law through an in­de­pen­dent jus­tice. Based upon the sys­tem of accountability, it pro­vides jus­tice to all—ma­jor­ity and mi­nor­ity el­e­ments of the coun­try. Noth­ing is forcibly im­posed on the po­lit­i­cal will of the peo­ple who fully en­joy the free­dom of thought and ac­tion. It is due to th­ese mer­its that demo­cratic sys­tem is widely pop­u­lar in the world.

While Is­lam is a re­li­gion of uni­ver­sal ap­pli­ca­tion, as it em­pha­sises peace, democ­racy, mod­er­a­tion and hu­man rights in­clud­ing tol­er­ance of po­lit­i­cal groups, re­li­gious com­mu­ni­ties and sects which are in mi­nor­ity in a coun­try. The Con­sti­tu­tion of 1973 which was unan­i­mously adopted, clearly states that Pak­istan is ba­si­cally a democ­racy guided by the Is­lamic prin­ci­ples and val­ues— no law would be made con­trary to the Holy Qur’an and Sun­nah. Notably, the Holy Prophet Muham­mad (PBUH) in his ser­mon at Ha­j­jatul Wida is­sued di­rec­tions for pro­tec­tion of life, prop­erty and dig­nity of the whole mankind. The ser­mon be­came a char­ter of democ­racy which was in­cluded in the con­sti­tu­tions of the west­ern elected gov­ern­ments in one way or the other.

While ad­dress­ing the Con­stituent As­sem­bly on Au­gust, 11 1947, Quaid-i-Azam who wanted Pak­istan as a demo­cratic state, said that he did not want Pak­istan to be a theo­cratic state. He wanted Pak­istan to be a lib­eral, sec­u­lar and pro­gres­sive state where both Mus­lims and non-Mus­lims were treated as ci­ti­zens of equal sta­tus. Be­sides, Is­lam respects women, while democ­racy also ad­vo­cates the same. In fact, democ­racy does not evap­o­rate re­spect for el­ders of a tribe or fam­ily and the process em­pow­ers the peo­ple to make their own rules for gov­er­nance. Di­ver­si­fied peo­ple and re­li­gious schol­ars (Ule­mas) par­tic­i­pate in the sys­tem which does not ex­clude or dis­crim­i­nate any one on ba­sis of caste, creed and sect. It does not de­stroy the es­tab­lished cul­tural norms and tribal sys­tem. It makes po­lice and se­cu­rity forces an­swer­able to elected mem­bers, mak­ing the tribal el­ders more pow­er­ful.

Demo­cratic sys­tem does not pro­hibit the re­li­gious par­ties or tribes­men to par­tic­i­pate in elec­tions. Is­lamic laws can be im­ple­mented through a sys­tem of gov­er­nance, hence, elec­tions are es­sen­tial for plac­ing the elected rep­re­sen­ta­tives to make rules and gov­ern in any part of the coun­try. Laws of Sharia (Is­lamic Ju­rispru­dence) can best be put to prac­tice through demo­cratic sys­tem which does not make us un-Is­lamic or anti-Sharia. Pak­istan has to move along with the de­mands of mod­ern time. There­fore, pe­ri­odic rein­ter­pre­ta­tion of Is­lamic teach­ings in the light of in­ven­tions and dis­cov­er­ies is es­sen­tial so that it can of­fer in­spi­ra­tion to all the peo­ple at all times. Such move­ment is called Ijti­had, which could pro­vide new per­cep­tions to Is­lam in ac­cor­dance with the changed world vi­sion. While con­demn­ing the TTP in­sur­gents’in­hu­man ac­tiv­i­ties, more than 60 Is­lamic schol­ars re­cently clar­i­fied in their joint fatwa (edict) and sep­a­rate state­ments that “killing of in­no­cent peo­ple, tar­get killings and sui­cide bomb­ings in­clud­ing sec­tar­i­an­ism are against the spirit of Is­lam…the ter­ror­ists’ self­adopted in­ter­pre­ta­tion of Is­lam was noth­ing but ig­no­rance and di­gres­sion from the ac­tual teach­ings of the re­li­gion. They elab­o­rated that Is­lam does not for­bid women’s ed­u­ca­tion.

Nev­er­the­less, Is­lam con­sid­ers killing one in­no­cent per­son equal to mur­der­ing the en­tire hu­man­ity, while Ji­had is a sa­cred obli­ga­tion, but its real spirit needs to be un­der­stood clearly, as mur­der­ing in­no­cent women and chil­dren is not Ji­had. Th­ese Tal­iban and their banned af­fil­i­ated groups are de­fam­ing Is­lam and are weak­en­ing Pak­istan. Th­ese TTP re­lated ter­ror­ists who have been car­ry­ing out fe­ro­cious at­tacks, also take pride in claim­ing the re­spon­si­bil­ity for the same. Now, peo­ple from all seg­ment of life and ma­jor­ity of politi­cians want that a hand­ful of ter­ror­ist el­e­ments must not be al­lowed to dic­tate their agenda and to im­pose their self-per­ceived ide­ol­ogy on the ma­jor­ity of Pak­ista­nis. None­the­less, TTP mil­i­tants who have no sense of com­pas­sion and benev­o­lence are act­ing upon an­ti­so­cial, un­demo­cratic and un-Is­lamic prac­tices. The right hour has come that Pak­istan’s me­dia, politi­cians and lead­ers of re­li­gious par­ties in­clud­ing se­cu­rity forces must show prac­ti­cal unity against th­ese zealots who seek to cre­ate anar­chy in the coun­try to ac­com­plish their self­mo­ti­vated de­signs.

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