China raps U.S. warplanes’ operation
in the past week, little changed from figures published on April 19, according to the ORB poll of 800 people for The Daily Telegraph newspaper on Tuesday.
Several agencies and David Cameron’s advisers are polling voters almost continuously on their plans for a referendum on June 23 on EU membership, a vote that will determine the prime minister’s future and that of That leaves patience, containment, and humanitarian aid as the least-bad policies while waiting for this awful war to play itself out.
STEPHEN BIDDLE, JACOB SHAPIRO N 2003, David Petraeus, then a division com mander in Iraq, famously asked “tell me how this ends?” in reference to the conflict just starting there. It was a good question then, and it’s a good question now. The war against the Islamic State gets a lot of attention, much of it focused on the immediate: Is the war going better or worse this month than last month? Is the Islamic State gaining ground or losing it? Are U.S. air strikes killing more Islamic State leaders or fewer? But these things only matter if they contribute to an ultimate end to the conflict on terms the United States can live with. Will they?
In fact, we have a lot of evidence on wars like this and how they typically end. But it’s not a very encouraging story. The Islamic State threat is likely to persist, in one form or another, for a long time. In the meantime, we’re going to be stuck with a policy that amounts to containment and damage limitation, whose shortcomings will frustrate many Americans.
Civil wars of the kind in which the U.S. conflict with the Islamic State is embedded are notoriously hard to terminate and typically drag on for years. Datasets vary slightly, but most put the median duration of such conflicts at seven to 10 years; and an important minority drag on for a generation or more.
When they do end, it’s rarely because an empowered, victorious army marches into the enemy capital, pulls down the flag, and governs a newly stable society. Civil wars like today’s conflict in Syria and Iraq are often complex, multi-sided proxy conflicts in which a variety of local combatants have ties to outside backers who fund, equip, train, and advise allies’ forces. This outside support enables fighters to weather setbacks and hang on in the face of military adversity. Outside backers usually have geopolitical reasons of their own to support local proxies, and for most such backers, a stable postwar state under rivals’ influence often looks worse than continued chaos—so outsiders also usually have incentives to
Ishowed “not much has changed over the past week” despite Obama on Friday urging Britons to remain in the bloc.
“The effect of the president’s visit may not yet be felt in the numbers as sometimes it takes a while for factors to wash through. Also, people may not take much notice of what an outsider has to say,” he wrote in The Telegraph.—Agencies BEIJING—China’s Ministry of National Defense has responded to media reports that six U.S. Air Force planes performed a flight mission in “international airspace” in the vicinity of Huangyan Island in the South China Sea on April 19.
“We have noticed such reports, and it should be pointed out that the U.S. is pushing militarization of the South China Sea in the name of ‘Freedom of Naviga- tion,’” the ministry’s Information Bureau said in a statement. China is concerned about and opposed to such actions which threaten the sovereignty and security of countries around the South China Sea and undermine regional peace and stability, it stressed. Huangyan Island is China’s inherent territory and the Chinese military will take all necessary measures to safeguard national sovereignty and security, it added—Xinhua Kazakhstan has made a lot of steps leading to the adoption of the IOFS statute at the 40th Session of the OIC Council of Foreign Ministers (CFM) held in Conakry, Guinea, in 2013. He mentioned that the assistance within the framework of the OIC through a regional fund following the example of the United Nation Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO). —Email