Labour rights in Islam
ISLAM is a complete code of life which guides its followers in every field of life. Every person in society have a status, Islam defines fixed rights to everyone. Actually, Islam is the faith which establishes to the human rights in the world. Although society follows these rights and duties, in cradle of peace. Those people who earn with struggle, gain dignity and respect. Islam upgrades to social status, dignity and rank of labourers. Islam likes those people who earns through struggle from legal ways either physical or mentally.
Begging is strictly forbidden in Islam. The people have been discouraged in Islam, who earn through illegal ways and without struggle. Islam is the first faith which gives vast and comprehensive rights. This faith is the greatest standard bearer of labourers. Importance of labourer’s rights can be imagined from this Hadith in which the Holy Prophet (PBUH) said that pay the wages to labourers before his sweat is dry. Today West is shouting for labourer’s rights but Islam had fixed the labourer’s rights 1400 years ago.
Quran and Hadith persuade us to earn honest livelihood and search the grace of Allah. As Allah says in Quran: “So when the (Jumu’ah) salah (prayer) has finished, you may scatter throughout the land, and seek the bounty of Allah, and much remember to Allah , so as to you may be successful” (62:10). In this verse Allah Almighty said to earn honestly. Holy Prophet (PBUH) said with the aim of seeking to honest livelihood is the duty of every Muslim. The Farewell Hajj of the Holy Prophet (PBUH) is the charter to the human’s right. Holy Prophet (PBUH) said: “Allah likes to the skillful believer.” Allah likes to hard labourers, so that he does not require hinder to others. Allah disliked the one who acquires knowledge (only) to earn profit from it. Allah’s Messenger said one is best who has earning best. Moreover he said the earning best when one’s earn from own hand.
The importance of labourer can be found through the life of our Holy Prophet (PBUH). Once an Ansari (native of Madinah) came to Allah’s Prophet (PBUH) and asked for help. He inquired if he has anything in his household? The Ansari replied: he has a blanket and a cup of drinking water. The Prophet said him to bring both items. After, the man brought the items, Allah’s Messenger (PBUH) took them up into his hands and said, ‘Who will purchase these two items?’ One of his companion offered one dirham for both. He (PBUH) again said, ‘Who will purchase them for more than one dirham? Another companion offered two Dirhams. He (PBUH) gave both items to the companion. He (PBUH) gave the two dirhams to the Ansari, and said, ‘Get some food with one dirham, and purchase an axe with the other dirham.’ The person did so. The Prophet (PBUH) set the handle of axe with his own hand and handed over the axe to the Ansari and said, ‘Go to the forest, cut down the woods, and sell the woods in the market. Come back after two weeks.’
When he returned, he had ten dirham. He purchased some cereals and clothes with those dirham. Allah’s Messenger (PBUH) said, ‘‘ This is better for you. If you will go for begging, then your face will be blemish on the Day of Judgment.”
Actually Islam creates such thinking in people that they feel proud in earning. The Prophet’s followed the teachings and took every possible struggle to earn honest livelihood.