120-na­tion NAM: US court vi­o­lat­ing law over Iran

Pakistan Observer - - INTERNATIONAL -

their strong­hold in the city of Sirte 140 kilo­me­tres to the east.

The head of the Mis­rata mil­i­tary coun­cil, Colonel Ibrahim Bel-Ra­jab, said he had or­dered all brigades un­der his com­mand to head to Abu Grein without de­lay, Libya’s LANA news agency re­ported.

“Nu­mer­ous armed ve­hi­cles of IS have been spot­ted in this area,” he said. Mis­rata’s two main tele­vi­sion chan­nels broad­cast ap­peals to mili­ti­a­men on leave to re­turn to their bar­racks. mil­i­tants could use the city as a stag­ing post for at­tacks on Euro­pean soil. West­ern pow­ers in­clud­ing the United States, Bri­tain and France have openly con­sid­ered in­ter­na­tional mil­i­tary in­ter­ven­tion in Libya against IS.

Ex­perts have said that any fu­ture for­eign strikes could tar­get Sirte as well as the re­gion around it.

The mil­i­tants group is es­ti­mated to have around 5,000 fight­ers in Libya, and is try­ing to at­tract hun­dreds more.—Agen­cies UNITED NA­TIONS—The 120-na­tion Non­aligned Move­ment (NAM), headed by Iran, ac­cused the United States Supreme Court on Fri­day of vi­o­lat­ing in­ter­na­tional law by rul­ing that nearly $2 bil­lion in frozen Ira­nian as­sets can be paid to vic­tims of at­tacks linked to the coun­try.

A com­mu­nique is­sued by the NAM’s Co­or­di­nat­ing Bureau fol­lows an Ira­nian ap­peal to the United Na­tions last week to in­ter­vene with the US gov­ern­ment to pre-

The two sides should strengthen co­op­er­a­tion on leg­is­la­ture and su­per­vi­sion to sup­port the two gov­ern­ments to en­hance vent the loss of their funds. Iran’s For­eign Min­is­ter Mo­ham­mad Javad Zarif called the rul­ing an “out­ra­geous rob­bery, dis­guised un­der a court or­der.”

The NAM, com­pris­ing mainly de­vel­op­ing coun­tries, called the US waiver of “the sov­er­eign im­mu­nity of states and their in­sti­tu­tions” a vi­o­la­tion of US in­ter­na­tional and treaty obli­ga­tions.

It called on the US gov­ern­ment “to re­spect the prin­ci­ple of state im­mu­nity” and warned that fail­ing to do so will have “ad­verse im­pli­ca­tions, in­clud­ing un­cer­tainty and chaos in in­ter­na­tional re­la­tions.”

It also warned that a fail­ure would also un­der­mine the in­ter­na­tional rule of law “and would con­sti­tute an in­ter­na­tional wrong­ful act, which en­tails in­ter­na­tional co­op­er­a­tion, and pro­vide bet­ter le­gal and pol­icy en­vi­ron­ment, he said.

Zhang called on the two sides to re­spon­si­bil­ity.”

The US Supreme Court ruled on April 23 that the fam­i­lies of vic­tims of a 1983 bomb­ing in Le­banon and other at­tacks linked to Iran can col­lect nearly $2 bil­lion in frozen funds from Iran as com­pen­sa­tion.

The court’s rul­ing di­rectly af­fects more than 1,300 rel­a­tives of vic­tims, some who have been seek­ing com­pen­sa­tion for more than 30 years.

They in­clude fam­i­lies of the 241 US ser­vice mem­bers who died in the bomb­ing of the Marine bar­racks in Beirut.

Iran de­nies any links to the at­tacks. Iran’s UN Am­bas­sador Gho­la­mali Khoshroo asked that Sec­re­tary-Gen­eral Ban Ki-moon cir­cu­late the NAM state­ment to the UN Gen­eral Assem­bly and Se­cu­rity Coun­cil.

The NAM called for “dia­logue and ac­com­mo­da­tion over co­er­cion and con­fronta­tion” to peace­fully set­tle dis­putes.

In last week’s let­ter, Iran’s Zarif ap­pealed to sec­re­tary-gen­eral Ban to use his good of­fices “to in­duce the US gov­ern­ment to ad­here to its in­ter­na­tional obli­ga­tions, put an end to the vi­o­la­tion of the fun­da­men­tal prin­ci­ple of state im­mu­nity.”

State De­part­ment spokesman Mark Toner said in re­sponse that “US laws and the ap­pli­ca­tion of those laws by the courts of the United States com­port with in­ter­na­tional law.”

UN spokesman Stephane Du­jar­ric said Thurs­day that the let­ter is be­ing stud­ied. Iran has also com­plained to the United States that it is locked out of the in­ter­na­tional fi­nan­cial sys­tem.

It ac­cused the US of fail­ing to ful­fill its obli­ga­tions un­der last year’s nu­clear deal which was sup­posed to give the Ira­ni­ans re­lief from crip­pling eco­nomic sanc­tions in ex­change for curb­ing their nu­clear pro­gram.

US Sec­re­tary of State John Kerry, who met Zarif on April 22, said the United States would not stand in the way of for­eign banks or firms do­ing busi­ness with Ira­nian com­pa­nies that are no longer sub­ject to US sanc­tions.

He said the ad­min­is­tra­tion was will­ing to fur­ther clar­ify what trans­ac­tions are now per­mit­ted with Iran, and he urged for­eign fi­nan­cial in­sti­tu­tions to seek an­swers from US of­fi­cials if they have ques­tions.—Age­nies coup”. Bri­tish Am­bas­sador Matthew Ry­croft said Rus­sia’s re­fusal to back the state­ment “speaks vol­umes about their sup­port for and pro­tec­tion of the As­sad regime.”

Pres­i­dent Bashar alAs­sad’s forces launched an of­fen­sive in Aleppo on April 22 that they said was aimed at flush­ing out ji­hadists.

But the West has ac­cused Damascus of tar­get­ing civil­ians, hit­ting hos­pi­tals and mar­kets.—Agen­cies

Newspapers in English

Newspapers from Pakistan

© PressReader. All rights reserved.