Diabetes, a deadly disease
Everyone is aware with the word of sugar. And it’s really very sweet but the disease related to sugar is very dangerous. In 1989 it was estimated that 4%of the world’s population had diabetes and in 1997 there were about 135 million sufferers worldwide. In 2000 it was recommended that overweight children with other risk factors including (Family history, High blood pressure and High Cholesterol level) should be treated for type 2 Diabetes .The study found that diabetes has become more common for all ages, races and educational levels. An increase in levels of obesity and a lack of physical activity among many people were seen as major contributing factors.
Diabetes Mellitus is a disorder of Islets of Langerhans in the pancreas that prevent the production of insulin. Disease that can be caused by reduced production of the hormone insulin or a reduced response of the Liver, muscles and fat cells to insulin. This affects the body‘s ability to use and regulate sugar inakes effectively. Treatment is by strict dietary control and oral or injected Insulin, depending on the type of Diabetes. What happens in the body with Diabetes? Insulin increases glucose uptake from the blood in to the most body cells, except the brain and liver. In the liver its effect is to reduce the production of glucose. Insulin works with other hormones to keep the concentration of glucose in the blood stable. A patient with diabetes does not have this close regulation and may find that his or her glucose levels rise dangerously after a meal. Normally, Urine does not contain glucose, but when the blood glucose level rises in a diabetic person, it appears in the urine. Sugar accumulates first in the blood, then in the urine. The patient experiences thirst, weight loss and increased frequency of urination and volume of urine, along with degenerative changes in the capillary system. Without treatment, the patient may lose eyesight, suffer from ulcers, lapse in to diabetic coma and may be fatal. Early onset diabetes tends to be more severe than that developing in later years.
We can prevent it by changing the life style, dietary habits (starts by adding high fiber diet including fruits and vegetables. These fibers rich foods may help stop spikes in blood sugar. Eat less meat and fewer sweets. Regular physical activity can lower blood glucose level by decreasing insulin resistance. It can also reduce risk of heart disease and high blood pressure also help to manage the body weight. Eating healthy foo is key to reducing risk of health complications from diabetes. There is no cure, but one can control sugar level by adopting precautions which can help reduce risks of diabetes complications. Diet and physical activity may control blood sugar at first, but may need to take medicine down the road. Support from family, friends and health care team can help to deal with diabetes long term. — Lahore