Over population and problems
PAKISTAN is a developing country facing so many problems due to high rate of population. According to the economic survey of Pakistan 2015, the total population of Pakistan is over 191.71 million, making it the world’s sixth most population country. It has been estimated that in the year 2020 Pakistan’s population will reach 208 million.
There are some of the main causes which are giving rise to the over population in Pakistan. One of the main cause of the over population in Pakistan is high and unbalance growth rate. Due to lack of education, persons are not aware about family planning methods. Birth rate is very high. Rapid growth of population (June, 2014) is 1.95 percent. Which is higher than average growth, on the other hand due to illiteracy, Pakistani population is not aware of importance of economy and its problems caused by high birth rate. World Bank indicators- Pakistan- economic activity 72.2% females are not active. Women have no any economic loss while having a child. Opportunity cost for having a child is very low or zero in Pakistan.
Second main issue is religious belief. All Muslims have strong and blind belief that Allah gives food to everyone even to an ant living in the stone. So why we reduce the family or use family planning methods. The system of more marriages base on religious belief is also a cause to increase the population rate. Commonly in Pakistan, marriages age ratio is between 18 to 22 years. The duration of productivity is very lengthy so growth of the families are high. Birth of boy is considered as a source of power to influence people and to control the persons around them. People feel proud to have a boy in a family, that’s why they are increasing size of family till boy’s birth. Female growth rate is very high in Pakistan because waiting for the male.
Due to rural and urban migration and lack of facilities in cities, there are many social problems. It results in increase in urban population. Higher rate of urbanization is an indicator of overpopulation. Government is not funding to advertise about importance of the family planning methods especially in the rural areas.
Speedy rise of population cannot provide basic facilities and needs in developing countries like Pakistan, that’s why rising population mean low living standard. About 21-22% population living very low standard. Due to a highly growing population (over growth condition) of Pakistan it is not possible to provide or facilitate jobs to all. It results in unemployment. The population growth reduces per capita income of the people because national income is divided by a large size of population.
The rapid growth of population is also one source to create pollution, unplanned colonies and environmental problems. More people more industries, traffic etc. there is no effective system to control pollution. Capitalists install industries with billion dollars of resources but do not install treatment plants of million rupees. Rapidly growth of population create more economic and social problems especially basic human needs such as accommodation, education, food, water, transport, health etc.
High rates of population growth in Pakistan means low standard of life, poverty, illiteracy, more polluted environment and also basic human needs like food, water, shelters, health, education are not fulfilled. High growth rate also have bad effects on economic development in the developing countries like Pakistan. In short overpopulation is not good for any country. Government should take initiatives to provide education to rural and illiterate community about family planning methods, try to control unemployment. Motivate the people for work, promote more trees planting for controlling pollution in urban areas. Government must close the doors for refugees. — The writer is freelance columnist based in Rawalpindi.