Causes and effects of terrorism
Terrorism means use of force and threats against persons, groups or government for political or other purposes. Terrorism is not a recent or modern day phenomenon; hundered of year ago when societies were not as organized as they are today, with the modern facilities of roads, telephone, regular police force, and so on, then the heads of strong groups of people, robbers and warriors resorted to the use of force and threats to life and property to get their aims.
Now terrorism itself is quite an organized activity. There are well organized terrorist organizations or groups that train terrorists to achieve their goals. Sometimes these organizations are supported by foreign governments and huge funds and modern weapons are provided to them.
They causes of terrorism are clear like daylight. The groups of people, opposed to government policies and social trends, decide to create massive confusion and restlessness to cause administrative and governmental collapse. They try to create situations to embarrass or even replace the government or prepare grounds for its ultimate failure. According to Amy Zalman, the belief that ‘voilance or its threat will be effective and usher in change’ may be re-coined as. ‘the belief that violent means justify the ends’. Many terrorists in history said sincerely that they chose violence after long deliberation because they felt they had no choice.
Millions of the youth are hopeless about their present condition and future. Their families are mostly poor and backward. When the terrorists groups offer them handsome money and material resources for their families, they agree to join them as terrorists. The effects of terrorism include the injuries, deaths and psychological trauma of the immediate victims, short and long-term impact on the economy of the attached country; and enhanced security, military and intelligence activities to deter future attaches.
Terrorism also creates publicity for the groups or individuals initating the attacks which is often their objectives. A regular terrorist organization really works against the social and political system and thus the government in office. It tries to damage essential official buildings, offices and public places like railway stations and airports with bombs and destructive weapons. It kills people and destroys property in crowded places like market centers and bus stations. This sets the people against the government and causes public demonstrations. The bomb blasts and the resulting deaths and destructions in different parts of our country are an example of such terrorism. A terrorist organization, operating in a country, usually gets money and weapons from foreign governments. It also joints hands with groups or parties opposed to the government inside the country.
Terrorism needs to be checked very carefully. The government should force all the people illegally present in the country to leave, ensure the refugees to remain in their camps all the time, arrange to stop the illegal flow of arms and money into the country from abroad and have an effective secret service which can report all kinds of terrorist plans. It may help the United Nations to establish a special anti-terrorists international force to effectively combat the forces of terrorism. — Lahore