Causes and ef­fects of ter­ror­ism

Pakistan Observer - - OPINION - MARY ZIA

Ter­ror­ism means use of force and threats against per­sons, groups or gov­ern­ment for po­lit­i­cal or other pur­poses. Ter­ror­ism is not a re­cent or mod­ern day phe­nom­e­non; hun­dered of year ago when so­ci­eties were not as or­ga­nized as they are to­day, with the mod­ern fa­cil­i­ties of roads, tele­phone, reg­u­lar po­lice force, and so on, then the heads of strong groups of peo­ple, robbers and war­riors re­sorted to the use of force and threats to life and prop­erty to get their aims.

Now ter­ror­ism it­self is quite an or­ga­nized ac­tiv­ity. There are well or­ga­nized ter­ror­ist or­ga­ni­za­tions or groups that train ter­ror­ists to achieve their goals. Some­times these or­ga­ni­za­tions are sup­ported by for­eign gov­ern­ments and huge funds and mod­ern weapons are provided to them.

They causes of ter­ror­ism are clear like day­light. The groups of peo­ple, op­posed to gov­ern­ment poli­cies and so­cial trends, de­cide to cre­ate mas­sive con­fu­sion and rest­less­ness to cause ad­min­is­tra­tive and gov­ern­men­tal col­lapse. They try to cre­ate sit­u­a­tions to em­bar­rass or even re­place the gov­ern­ment or pre­pare grounds for its ul­ti­mate fail­ure. Ac­cord­ing to Amy Zal­man, the be­lief that ‘voilance or its threat will be ef­fec­tive and usher in change’ may be re-coined as. ‘the be­lief that vi­o­lent means jus­tify the ends’. Many ter­ror­ists in his­tory said sin­cerely that they chose vi­o­lence af­ter long de­lib­er­a­tion be­cause they felt they had no choice.

Mil­lions of the youth are hope­less about their present con­di­tion and fu­ture. Their fam­i­lies are mostly poor and back­ward. When the ter­ror­ists groups of­fer them hand­some money and ma­te­rial re­sources for their fam­i­lies, they agree to join them as ter­ror­ists. The ef­fects of ter­ror­ism in­clude the in­juries, deaths and psy­cho­log­i­cal trauma of the im­me­di­ate vic­tims, short and long-term im­pact on the econ­omy of the at­tached coun­try; and en­hanced se­cu­rity, mil­i­tary and in­tel­li­gence ac­tiv­i­ties to de­ter fu­ture at­taches.

Ter­ror­ism also cre­ates pub­lic­ity for the groups or in­di­vid­u­als ini­tat­ing the at­tacks which is of­ten their ob­jec­tives. A reg­u­lar ter­ror­ist or­ga­ni­za­tion re­ally works against the so­cial and po­lit­i­cal sys­tem and thus the gov­ern­ment in of­fice. It tries to dam­age es­sen­tial of­fi­cial build­ings, of­fices and pub­lic places like rail­way sta­tions and air­ports with bombs and de­struc­tive weapons. It kills peo­ple and de­stroys prop­erty in crowded places like mar­ket cen­ters and bus sta­tions. This sets the peo­ple against the gov­ern­ment and causes pub­lic demon­stra­tions. The bomb blasts and the re­sult­ing deaths and de­struc­tions in dif­fer­ent parts of our coun­try are an ex­am­ple of such ter­ror­ism. A ter­ror­ist or­ga­ni­za­tion, op­er­at­ing in a coun­try, usu­ally gets money and weapons from for­eign gov­ern­ments. It also joints hands with groups or par­ties op­posed to the gov­ern­ment in­side the coun­try.

Ter­ror­ism needs to be checked very care­fully. The gov­ern­ment should force all the peo­ple il­le­gally present in the coun­try to leave, en­sure the refugees to re­main in their camps all the time, ar­range to stop the il­le­gal flow of arms and money into the coun­try from abroad and have an ef­fec­tive se­cret ser­vice which can re­port all kinds of ter­ror­ist plans. It may help the United Na­tions to es­tab­lish a spe­cial anti-ter­ror­ists in­ter­na­tional force to ef­fec­tively com­bat the forces of ter­ror­ism. — La­hore

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