Same age, dif­fer­ent be­hav­iour

Pakistan Observer - - OPINION - MUSTAFA HUS­SAIN

Pak­istan be­came a nu­clear power on May 28, 1998, when it fruit­fully car­ried out five nu­clear tests at Chaghi, in the Prov­ince of Balochis­tan. Ba­si­cally this was in di­rect re­ac­tion to five nu­clear ex­plo­sions by In­dia, just two weeks ear­lier. This ac­tion was crit­i­cized glob­ally; Pak­istan main­tains that its nu­clear pro­gramme is for self- de­fence, as de­ter­rence against nu­clear In­dia. Al­ready In­dia had posed a nu­clear threat against Pak­istan ever since it tested a nu­clear de­vice in May 1974. But at that time Pak­istan had no nu­clear weapons.

Af­ter the tit- for- tat nu­clear ex­plo­sions, the United Na­tions ( UN) Se­cu­rity Coun­cil col­lec­tively passed a res­o­lu­tion urg­ing In­dia and Pak­istan to stop the progress of their nu­clear weapons’ pro­grammes. Not only United States but also the other Western states im­posed eco­nomic sanc­tions against both Pak­istan and In­dia. UN Sec­re­tary Gen­eral, Kofi An­nan, urged In­dia and Pak­istan to sign the Com­pre­hen­sive Test Ban Treaty, which Pak­istan agreed to sign if In­dia did the same. Be­ing Nu­clear Power both Pak­istan and In­dia are far apart in their un­der­stand­ing of nu­clear is­sues and be­hav­iours. Both of them have cho­sen dif­fer­ent in­ten­tions for their nu­clear weapons, are pur­su­ing di­verse ca­pa­bil­ity tra­jec­to­ries, and pro­ject­ing de­ter­rence in dis­tinct ways. For In­dia, the nu­clear weapon per­forms role of nu­clear de­ter­rence - to de­ter only the nu­clear weapons of the other side and for Pak­istan, on the other hand, nu­clear weapons pro­vide the pur­pose of de­ter­ring In­dia’s con­ven­tional supremacy.

Pak­istan has more nu­clear war­heads than In­dia, ac­cord­ing to Stock­holm In­ter­na­tional Peace Re­search In­sti­tute ( SIPRI), Swe­den- based in­ter­na­tional think tank that an­nounced that in 2014, In­dia’s nu­clear war­heads count was be­tween 90 and 110 while on the other hand Pak­istan was ahead at 100- 120 nu­clear war­heads. In­dia, Pak­istan, China, US, Rus­sia, Bri­tain, France, Is­rael and North Korea - have been iden­ti­fied as 9 nu­clear ar­se­nals - pos­sess­ing na­tions by the SIPRI.

Ac­cord­ing to new facts and fig­ures re­gard­ing nu­clear war­heads, rest of 7 coun­tries are de­creas­ing the quan­tity of their nu­clear war­heads day by day for global peace but the game is not over be­tween Pak­istan and In­dia yet due to bor­der threats from each other. So it is bet­ter for them to re­duce their nu­clear weapons quan­tity for bet­ter fu­ture re­la­tions be­cause eco­nom­i­cally it could be a huge boon for both coun­tries. It is also bet­ter for them to waste far less money on mil­i­tary ef­forts or nu­clear weapons as com­pared to other use­ful and pro­duc­tive en­ter­prises for boost­ing their econ­omy. — Karachi

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