NYT shows mir­ror to In­dia

Pakistan Observer - - EDITORIALS & COMMENTS -

OVER the last few years, the US ad­min­is­tra­tion is lob­by­ing hard and also carv­ing out ex­emp­tions to en­sure in­clu­sion of In­dia in the Nu­clear Sup­pli­ers Group- the club of forty eight na­tions ded­i­cated to curb­ing nu­clear arms pro­lif­er­a­tion by con­trol­ling the ex­port and re­trans­fer of materials. How­ever, there are vis­i­ble con­cerns within the US it­self over Obama’s ex­tra­or­di­nary ef­forts to­wards this end.

A few weeks back, a key US Sen­a­tor, Ed Markey, had warned that en­abling In­dia to join the NSG would cause a never ending nu­clear race in South Asia and termed Obama Ad­min­is­tra­tion’s pol­icy in this re­gard as dan­ger­ous and un­nec­es­sary. Now one of the coun­try’s fa­mous daily pa­per, The New York Times, in its lat­est editorial, has chal­lenged the very cre­den­tials of In­dia for the NSG mem­ber­ship terming it as un­mer­ited. The pa­per is right in its as­ser­tion as other mem­bers of the group are sig­na­tory to Nu­clear Non Pro­lif­er­a­tion Treaty but In­dia on the other hand has re­fused to do so, which means it has not ac­cepted legally bind­ing com­mit­ments to pur­sue dis­ar­ma­ment ne­go­ti­a­tions, halt the pro­duc­tion of fis­sile ma­te­rial for nu­clear weapons and not test nu­clear weapons. Whilst if one looks at the cre­den­tials of Pak­istan, though the coun­try has also not signed the NPT for cer­tain rea­sons, it is fully im­ple­ment­ing the IAEA’s safe­guards for the civil nu­clear pro­gramme much to the sat­is­fac­tion of nu­clear watch­dog. Pak­istan has been op­er­at­ing nu­clear power plants un­der the IAEA safe­guards for over 40 years now while In­dia is yet to ac­cept the com­pre­hen­sive IAEA’s safe­guards. It still has not fully sep­a­rated its civil­ian and mil­i­tary nu­clear pro­grammes. While it has placed a num­ber of civil­ian fa­cil­i­ties un­der IAEA safe­guards, there are other, dual pur­poses, fa­cil­i­ties serv­ing both the civil­ian and mil­i­tary pro­grammes. Hav­ing said so, as both Pak­istan and In­dia have ap­plied for the NSG, we be­lieve the de­ci­sion should be on the ba­sis of prin­ci­ples and non dis­crim­i­na­tion. If the NSG coun­tries make an ex­cep­tion for In­dia, they should do the same for Pak­istan which has un­blem­ished record. Mwas


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