How soda im­pacts di­a­betes risk

Pakistan Observer - - KARACHI CITY - CITY REPORTER

obese. Re­search has shown that be­ing over­weight or obese is a risk fac­tor for type 2 di­a­betes and other con­di­tions. Al­though re­search has proven a clear as­so­ci­a­tion be­tween high­sugar con­sump­tion and di­a­betes, the sci­en­tists in­volved in the re­search are still un­sure of the rea­sons be­hind it.

A re­view of rel­e­vant stud­ies, com­piled in 2015, con­firmed the re­la­tion­ship be­tween di­a­betes and sweet­ened drinks, how­ever, the ex­act bi­o­log­i­cal mech­a­nisms were still un­clear. One study, pub­lished in The Amer­i­can Jour­nal of Clin­i­cal Nu­tri­tion, in­ves­ti­gated re­la­tion­ships be­tween the diet and health of 91,249 fe­male nurses over 8 years. They found a link be­tween a high glycemic in­dex diet and type 2 di­a­betes.

Foods with a high glycemic in­dex, such as sug­ary foods or sweet­ened soft drinks, are di­gested more quickly than low glycemic in­dex foods, caus­ing a quicker spike in blood sugar lev­els. The risk for di­a­betes was high even af­ter tak­ing into ac­count other known risks and di­etary fac­tors in­volved in di­a­betes. In fact, the di­a­betes risk as­so­ci­ated with high en­ergy in­take was greater than that of trans fatty acid in­take or an un­healthy ra­tio of polyun­sat­u­rated to sat­u­rated fats.

The 2015 re­view, men­tioned above, is one of many pa­pers to claim that the as­so­ci­a­tion be­tween obe­sity and di­a­betes is clearer than a more di­rect link be­tween a high-sugar diet and di­a­betes. The re­view also backed the idea that obe­sity is caused by high sugar in­take via an in­crease in to­tal en­ergy con­sumed. KARACHI—Sindh Chief Min­is­ter Syed Qaim Ali Shah has said that the Na­tional In­sti­tute of Child Health (NICH) is one of the ma­jor hos­pi­tals de­volved to Sindh govern­ment un­der 18th Con­sti­tu­tional Amend­ment. “We have given special at­ten­tion to this hospi­tal and would fur­ther ex­pand it in the larg­er­in­ter­est of peo­ple of Sindh.”

This he said this while pre­sid­ing over a meet­ing on NICH here at the CM House to­day. The meet­ing was at­tended by Min­is­ter for Health Jam Me­htab Da­har, Chief Sec­re­tary Sid­dque Me­mon, Prin­ci­pal Sec­re­tary to CM Ala­mud­din Bullo, Ad­vo­cate Gen­eral Zamir Ghumro, Sec­re­tary health Ahmed Bux Narejo, Sec­re­tary Finance So­hail Ra­jput, Di­rec­tor NICVD Syed Ja­mal Raza.

Brief­ing the chief min­is­ter, Di­rec­tor NICH Pro­fes­sor Syed Ja­mal Raza said that NICH is a six-storey and 500-be­ded hospi­tal for chil­dren. He said the daily OPD ra­tio of the hospi­tal is over 1500, and there is around 29,000 an­nual ad­mis­sion in the in­sti­tute. Over 15000 pa­tients visit in the emer­gency and 10,000 op­er­a­tions are con­ducted ev­ery year.

He said that there is a sanc­tioned strength of 815 em­ploy­ees, in­clud­ing doc­tors, para med­i­cal staff and oth­ers. Presently, 250 po­si­tions of pe­di­a­tri­cians are va­cant in dif­fer­ent de­part­ments such as medicine, surgery, ra­di­ol­ogy, ra­di­ol­o­gyMRI, anes­the­si­ol­ogy, neona­tol­ogy and nephrol­ogy . Pro­fes­sor Syed Ja­mal Raza said that it was the only hospi­tal for chil­dren where treat­ment is to­tally free.

The Sindh govern­ment has pro­vided all the fa­cil­i­ties, in­clud­ing medicines, photo equip­ments and other re­quire­ments but the fill­ing of va­cant po­si­tion was very nec­es­sary as there was a growing pres­sure of the pa­tients in its var­i­ous depart­ment such as OPD, ad­mis­sion and OT. Some­times three pa­tients are kept on a sin­gle bed.

The chief min­is­ter said that he had given an ADP scheme to NICH for ex­pan­sion of nurs­ery. On this min­is­ter health said that the nurs­ery has been ex­panded on a full floor. Ear­lier, there were 40 in­cu­ba­tors and now 60 in­cu­ba­tors have been in­stalled there. Pro­fes­sor Syed Ja­mal said that phi­lan­thropists have also con­trib­uted sub­stan­tially. The chief min­is­ter said that the peo­ple of this city are God fear­ing and be­lieve in ser­vice to hu­man­ity. “God al­ways re­wards them who con­trib­ute for ame­lio­rat­ing the suf­fer­ings of the peo­ple”, he said.

The chief min­is­ter said that he would es­tab­lish an­other block of the NICH for which he di­rected min­is­ter health to sub­mit him de­tailed pro­posal. “I want to make this in­sti­tute (NICH) a model chil­dren hospi­tal. This is the only hospi­tal where chil­dren are given special treat­ment free of cost and even a sim­ple re­ceipt fee is not charge. The ben­e­fit of the in­vest­ment in this hospi­tal trick­les down di­rectly to the poor chil­dren”, he said.

Talk­ing about ap­point­ment of re­quired staff, the chief min­is­ter asked the Di­rec­tor NICH to con­sti­tute a com­mit­tee to ap­point lower staff. The court has granted stay against ap­point­ment of se­nior staff, there­fore a sep­a­rate work­ing may be made to fill the va­cant po­si­tions. “I can­not al­low any­body to cre­ate hin­drances in the treat­ment of ail­ing chil­dren”, he said.

Chief Min­is­ter Syed Qaim Ali Shah pre­sid­ing over a meet­ing on Na­tional In­sti­tute of Child Health at CM House, Health Min­is­ter Jam Me­htab, Chief Sec­re­tary Sid­dique Me­mon, Prin­ci­pal Sec­re­tary Ala­mud­din Bullo and oth­ers are also seen in the pic­ture.—PO

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