How soda impacts diabetes risk
obese. Research has shown that being overweight or obese is a risk factor for type 2 diabetes and other conditions. Although research has proven a clear association between highsugar consumption and diabetes, the scientists involved in the research are still unsure of the reasons behind it.
A review of relevant studies, compiled in 2015, confirmed the relationship between diabetes and sweetened drinks, however, the exact biological mechanisms were still unclear. One study, published in The American Journal of Clinical Nutrition, investigated relationships between the diet and health of 91,249 female nurses over 8 years. They found a link between a high glycemic index diet and type 2 diabetes.
Foods with a high glycemic index, such as sugary foods or sweetened soft drinks, are digested more quickly than low glycemic index foods, causing a quicker spike in blood sugar levels. The risk for diabetes was high even after taking into account other known risks and dietary factors involved in diabetes. In fact, the diabetes risk associated with high energy intake was greater than that of trans fatty acid intake or an unhealthy ratio of polyunsaturated to saturated fats.
The 2015 review, mentioned above, is one of many papers to claim that the association between obesity and diabetes is clearer than a more direct link between a high-sugar diet and diabetes. The review also backed the idea that obesity is caused by high sugar intake via an increase in total energy consumed. KARACHI—Sindh Chief Minister Syed Qaim Ali Shah has said that the National Institute of Child Health (NICH) is one of the major hospitals devolved to Sindh government under 18th Constitutional Amendment. “We have given special attention to this hospital and would further expand it in the largerinterest of people of Sindh.”
This he said this while presiding over a meeting on NICH here at the CM House today. The meeting was attended by Minister for Health Jam Mehtab Dahar, Chief Secretary Siddque Memon, Principal Secretary to CM Alamuddin Bullo, Advocate General Zamir Ghumro, Secretary health Ahmed Bux Narejo, Secretary Finance Sohail Rajput, Director NICVD Syed Jamal Raza.
Briefing the chief minister, Director NICH Professor Syed Jamal Raza said that NICH is a six-storey and 500-beded hospital for children. He said the daily OPD ratio of the hospital is over 1500, and there is around 29,000 annual admission in the institute. Over 15000 patients visit in the emergency and 10,000 operations are conducted every year.
He said that there is a sanctioned strength of 815 employees, including doctors, para medical staff and others. Presently, 250 positions of pediatricians are vacant in different departments such as medicine, surgery, radiology, radiologyMRI, anesthesiology, neonatology and nephrology . Professor Syed Jamal Raza said that it was the only hospital for children where treatment is totally free.
The Sindh government has provided all the facilities, including medicines, photo equipments and other requirements but the filling of vacant position was very necessary as there was a growing pressure of the patients in its various department such as OPD, admission and OT. Sometimes three patients are kept on a single bed.
The chief minister said that he had given an ADP scheme to NICH for expansion of nursery. On this minister health said that the nursery has been expanded on a full floor. Earlier, there were 40 incubators and now 60 incubators have been installed there. Professor Syed Jamal said that philanthropists have also contributed substantially. The chief minister said that the people of this city are God fearing and believe in service to humanity. “God always rewards them who contribute for ameliorating the sufferings of the people”, he said.
The chief minister said that he would establish another block of the NICH for which he directed minister health to submit him detailed proposal. “I want to make this institute (NICH) a model children hospital. This is the only hospital where children are given special treatment free of cost and even a simple receipt fee is not charge. The benefit of the investment in this hospital trickles down directly to the poor children”, he said.
Talking about appointment of required staff, the chief minister asked the Director NICH to constitute a committee to appoint lower staff. The court has granted stay against appointment of senior staff, therefore a separate working may be made to fill the vacant positions. “I cannot allow anybody to create hindrances in the treatment of ailing children”, he said.
Chief Minister Syed Qaim Ali Shah presiding over a meeting on National Institute of Child Health at CM House, Health Minister Jam Mehtab, Chief Secretary Siddique Memon, Principal Secretary Alamuddin Bullo and others are also seen in the picture.—PO