Ed­u­ca­tion: A ma­jor is­sue

SYED SUFYAN ALAM

Pakistan Observer - - OPINION -

Ed­u­ca­tion is the most es­sen­tial in­gre­di­ent for the devel­op­ment of a na­tion. It is an es­tab­lished fact that na­tions that have reached the heights of devel­op­ment and pros­per­ity have done it by us­ing ed­u­ca­tion and in­for­ma­tion as a tool to do it. Ed­u­ca­tion is sim­ply an in­vest­ment to achieve both hu­man and eco­nomic devel­op­ment. But un­for­tu­nately it is one of the big­gest prob­lems in Pak­istan.

The ed­u­ca­tion sys­tem of Pak­istan is rot­ten to the core. At present, the ed­u­ca­tion sec­tor is fac­ing cri­sis just like other ma­jor sec­tors of the coun­try. The ed­u­ca­tional sys­tem of the coun­try is based on dif­fer­ent medi­ums, which di­vide the stu­dents in two seg­ments. Mostly pri­vate schools are English medium while the Gov­ern­ment schools are Urdu medium. Re­gional dif­fer­ences are also a ma­jor cause for a poor ed­u­ca­tional sys­tem in Pak­istan. Gen­der dis­crim­i­na­tion is very com­mon in Pak­istan. Peo­ple are very con­ser­va­tive and they don’t want their girls to go to school and get ed­u­ca­tion. Due to this, the ra­tio of boys and girls in pri­mary schools is 10:4

In the Hu­man Devel­op­ment Re­port, Pak­istan is placed at 136th po­si­tion for hav­ing just 49.9% ed­u­cated pop­u­la­tion. In ad­di­tion to that, Pak­istan is ranked at 113th out of 120 reg­is­tered UN mem­bers ac­cord­ing to the re­search con­ducted by UNESCO. Some of the very ba­sic flaws of the ed­u­ca­tion sys­tem in Pak­istan con­trib­ute to the eco­nomic, eth­nic and so­cio-political cri­sis in the coun­try. More­over, the qual­ity of ed­u­ca­tion in most of the pub­lic schools and col­leges is well be­low par; the teach­ers in gov­ern­ment schools are not well trained. Peo­ple who do not get job in any other sec­tor, try their luck in ed­u­ca­tional sys­tem. They are not pro­fes­sion­ally trained teach­ers so they are un­able to train a na­tion. Qual­ity of teach­ing needs spe­cial at­ten­tion in ru­ral ar­eas where the teach­ers lack in all de­part­ments. Poverty is an­other fac- tor that pro­hibits the par­ents to send their chil­dren to pri­vate schools where the qual­ity of ed­u­ca­tion is com­par­a­tively high. Poor peo­ple get their chil­dren ad­mit­ted to Gov­ern­ment schools. The teach­ers in Gov­ern­ment schools are not pro­fes­sion­ally trained. They even don’t take lec­tures and waste the pre­cious time of the stu­dents

The al­lo­ca­tion of funds for ed­u­ca­tion sec­tor by the Gov­ern­ment of Pak­istan are very low; only 2% of the to­tal GDP. Gov­ern­ment should in­crease this ra­tio to im­prove the qual­ity of ed­u­ca­tion in the coun­try. Ed­u­ca­tion is very im­por­tant for the devel­op­ment of ev­ery coun­try. It is the only cure for the dis­abil­ity of a coun­try be­cause to­day’s stu­dents are to­mor­row’s na­tion builder. Gov­ern­ment should take steps to re­move the above men­tioned prob­lems so as to im­prove the qual­ity of ed­u­ca­tion in the coun­try. —Via email

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