In­dian mantra of whom to talk

Pakistan Observer - - EDITORIALS & COMMENTS - Dr Muham­mad Khan Email: drmk_edu@ya­

EVER since Prime Min­is­ter Narindra Modi led Govern ment came into power in In­dia, there has been no sub­stan­tive di­a­logue be­tween In­dia and Pak­istan. The In­dian pol­icy of avoid­ing the di­a­logue is part of its strat­egy to safe­guard its own na­tional in­ter­ests and de­sires to dic­tate the agenda of any di­a­logue process. As ob­served since last few years, In­dia wants to talk on all is­sues ex­cept Kash­mir dis­pute. On its part, Pak­istan con­sid­ered Kash­mir as the root cause of all other is­sues, since it gave birth to many more is­sues in last al­most seven decades, ow­ing to its un­re­solved nature. In a re­cent state­ment, In­dian Prime Min­is­ter, Narindra Modi said that, In­dia is un­clear as to whom should it talk with in Pak­istan, as “dif­fer­ent types of forces op­er­at­ing in Pak­istan” and should In­dia talk “with the elected gov­ern­ment or other ac­tors?”

This is a very ir­ra­tional state­ment by the Prime Min­is­ter of coun­try that claims to be the big­gest democ­racy, as there is a demo­crat­i­cally elected Gov­ern­ment in Pak­istan like In­dia. This Gov­ern­ment has been con­stantly stress­ing on di­a­logue and ne­go­ti­ated set­tle­ment of all is­sues in­clud­ing the core dis­pute of Kash­mir. In the past, the BJP led Gov­ern­ment of for­mer Prime Min­is­ter Atal Bi­hari Va­j­payee has been en­gaged in a di­a­logue process with a mil­i­tary ruler, Pres­i­dent Gen­eral Pervaiz Musharif and they were very close to a so­lu­tion over Kash­mir dis­pute and other is­sues. If pre­vi­ous In­dian gov­ern­ments have been talk­ing and ne­go­ti­at­ing with mil­i­tary gov­ern­ments in Pak­istan, why can­not the in­cum­bent Modi Gov­ern­ment talk with a demo­crat­i­cally elected Gov­ern­ment of Pak­istan.

If Prime Min­is­ter Modi could pay a sur­prise visit to meet Prime Min­is­ter Nawaz Sharif at his res­i­dence in La­hore, why can­not he or his cabi­net min­is­ters meet their coun­ter­parts in Pak­istan at of­fi­cial level. It was Pre­mier Modi, who opted to meet his Pak­istani coun­ter­part at Ufa, Rus­sia on the side­lines of SCO meet­ing in July 2015. Again, Modi per­son­ally came to meet Nawaz Sharif on the side­lines of Paris meet on Cli­mate Change in De­cem­ber 2015. So, should there be a doubt as to whom Modi talk with or ne­go­ti­ate with about the un­re­solved is­sues?

In fact, all is be­ing done by Modi Gov­ern­ment to run-away from the ne­go­ti­a­tions. Ad­viser to Prime Min­is­ter on For­eign Af­fairs, Sa­traj Aziz, high­lighted this fact. Mr Aziz said that, “In­dia was avoid­ing di­a­logue with Pak­istan be­cause that meant is­sues such as Kash­mir will have to be ne­go­ti­ated.” In­dia found it­self on the weaker wicket if Kash­mir is­sue is ne­go­ti­ated on le­gal terms. Since the peo­ple of In­dian oc­cu­pied Kash­mir have re­jected the In­dian rule, there is no jus­ti­fi­ca­tion for con­tin­ued In­dian oc­cu­pa­tion of the state force­fully.

It is worth men­tion­ing that, since 1990, In­dia has un­leashed a reign of ter­ror on the in­no­cent peo­ple of IHK Kash­mir. There have been mas­sive hu­man rights vi­o­la­tions in IHK at the hands of In­dian se­cu­rity forces. At the global level, the Amnesty In­ter­na­tional, EU, UN and other hu­man rights or­ga­ni­za­tions have re­peat­edly con­demned the In­dian atroc­i­ties in IHK.

In the garb of set­tle­ment of the Hindu mi­grants, es­pe­cially Hindu Pan­dits the Modi Gov­ern­ment is try­ing to make ma­jor de­mo­graphic changes in the Vale of Kash­mir. In­dia has al­ready made de­mo­graphic changes in the Jammu prov­ince of the IHK. In­dian re­luc­tance to talk with Pak­istan on Kash­mir is part of its covert pol­icy of grad­u­ally paving the way for in­te­grat­ing the State with In­dian Union. Through de­ploy­ment of 700,000 troops, In­dia is try­ing to keep the peo­ple un­der sup­pres­sion and op­pres­sion. How­ever, there is a mas­sive re­sis­tance of the peo­ple for mak­ing any de­mo­graphic change in the IHK. The re­cent state­ment of In­dian Prime Min­is­ter Narindra Modi, as to whom should In­dia talk in Pak­istan is a di­rect out­come of the frus­tra­tion and its de­feat at the global level on the is­sue of its mem­ber­ship of Nu­clear Sup­plier’s Group (NSG). In­dia tried its best to con­vince the NSG mem­ber states for its ad­mis­sion into this elite club, how­ever dur­ing the two meets of NSG, In­dian op­po­si­tion in­creased, rather de­creas­ing. It was mainly be­cause of the Pak­istani diplo­matic over­ture sup­ported by con­crete rea­son­ing of vi­o­lat­ing the NSG reg­u­la­tions, which forced In­dia to back­track. Pak­istani po­si­tion on NSG mem­ber­ship is based on prin­ci­ples and to safe­guard the in­ter­na­tional norms and to stop the pro­lif­er­a­tion of nu­clear weapons.

A frus­trated In­dia finds it hard to di­gest its de­feat at the NSG fo­rum, where its mem­ber­ship was not even on the agenda de­spite US pledge and pres­sure to in­clude In­dia into it. In the de­nial of NSG mem­ber­ship to In­dia, Pak­istan’s Strate­gic Plans Divi­sion and Nu­clear Com­mand and Con­trol Au­thor­ity played a very sig­nif­i­cant role, thus In­dia feel let down. This state­ment of Prime Min­is­ter Modi seems to be a di­rect re­sponse to Pak­istani tri­umph.

As per Sar­taj Aziz, Pak­istan al­ways em­pha­sized In­dia to be­gin the di­a­logue process on is­sues like; “Si­achen, Sir Creek, eco­nomic co­op­er­a­tion, trade, visas and the de­tain­ment of fish­er­men.” Kash­mir dis­pute surely is at the core of all other is­sues and it has to be re­solved in or­der to move for­ward. On the Si­achen is­sue, de­spite po­lit­i­cal con­sen­sus, In­dia Army is re­luc­tant to go for a so­lu­tion for years now. On the is­sue of Sir Creek In­dian po­lit­i­cal lead­er­ship seems less de­ter­mine be­sides lack­ing a po­lit­i­cal will.

In­dian spy­ing net­work RAW is con­stantly pro­mot­ing ter­ror­ism in var­i­ous parts of Pak­istan even by us­ing the soil of our neigh­bours to bleed Pak­istan. The In­dian ex­cuses for not get­ting into the di­a­logue process with Pak­istan and blam­ing Pak­istan too meant to mis­lead the world. Since In­dia seems lack­ing the solid rea­son­ing on the ne­go­ti­at­ing ta­ble, there­fore it avoids that through ado­les­cent in­ter­pre­ta­tion and state­ments like, whom to talk. Pak­istani Gov­ern­ment must ex­pose the true face of In­dia to in­ter­na­tional com­mu­nity. — The writer is In­ter­na­tional Re­la­tions an­a­lyst based in Is­lam­abad.

The In­dian ex­cuses for not get­ting into the di­a­logue process with Pak­istan and blam­ing Pak­istan too meant to mis­lead the world. Since In­dia seems lack­ing the solid rea­son­ing on the ne­go­ti­at­ing ta­ble, there­fore it avoids that through ado­les­cent in­ter­pre­ta­tion and state­ments like, whom to talk.

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