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of­fice of gov­er­nor is largely cer­e­mo­nial yet Gov­er­nor Sindh Muham­mad Zubair who just com­pleted one year in of­fice has proved to be more ac­tive and ag­ile than his pre­de­ces­sors or con­tem­po­raries, show­ing a path to oth­ers what could be done for the wel­fare and well- be­ing of the coun­try­men while oc­cu­py­ing such an of­fice.

Hav­ing a strong back­ground in fi­nan­cial man­age­ment and ex­pe­ri­ence of work­ing in var­i­ous na­tional and in­ter­na­tional or­gan­i­sa­tions, Gov­er­nor Zubair from day one put his ex­pe­ri­ence in use by hold­ing in­ter­ac­tive ses­sions with busi­ness com­mu­nity, invit­ing their del­e­ga­tions to Gov­er­nor House, vis­it­ing their of­fices, at­tend­ing sem­i­nars re­lated to econ­omy and ex­plain­ing the im­por­tance of Karachi as a fi­nan­cial hub of Pak­istan. Dur­ing the last one year, he met ev­ery trade body a num­ber of times and dis­cussed their prob­lems, pro­posed so­lu­tions and way for­ward for both busi­ness­men and the gov­ern­ment. He also held road shows in dif­fer­ent coun­tries in­clud­ing Qatar, UAE, USA and UK to pro­mote and show­case Pak­istan. Zubair re­mained a strong ad­vo­cate of the province and spe­cially its cap­i­tal Karachi. Although, econ­omy has been his pri­or­ity, he also held in­ter­ac­tive ses­sions with po­lit­i­cal lead­er­ship and other stake­hold­ers for bet­ter­ment of ser­vices to peo­ple of the province. Be­ing firm be­liever in di­a­logue, de­bate es­pe­cially on sen­si­tive is­sues, he has also not been afraid to his ex­press his views pub­licly on im­por­tant mat­ters. Sim­i­larly, the gov­er­nor also started a com­mend­able ini­tia­tive of hon­our­ing bright stu­dents of pub­lic and pri­vate sec­tor univer­si­ties by invit­ing them to Gov­er­nor House and pre­sent­ing them with cash awards and ap­pre­ci­a­tions cer­tifi­cates. Voices were raised when Zubair was el­e­vated from Min­is­ter of State for Pri­vati­sa­tion to the seat of gov­er­nor but given his per­for­mance, we have no doubt in say­ing that he proved his worth and also set bench­marks for oth­ers to fol­low. We ex­pect that Gov­er­nor Zubair will con­tinue to work with the same zeal and en­thu­si­asm for pro­mot­ing image of the coun­try and to bring im­prove­ment in the life of the peo­ple of Sindh.

AS re­ported by Ri­fat Fa­reed of Al Jazeera, on Fe­bru­ary 2, 2018, five Kash­miri youth were killed by In­dian security forces in Ganaw­pora area of Shopian District just for noth­ing. 19- year- old Javaid Ah­mad Bhat, a big cricket fan was killed while he was re­turn­ing af­ter play­ing the cricket, peace­fully. The other youth of shopian were killed by In­dian Army, since they were pelt­ing stone on In­dian Army ve­hi­cles, what a li­cence of killing, the bru­tal In­dian Army has to kill Kash­miri youth. Later, the IOK po­lice said that, they “have reg­is­tered a case against the army for killing civil­ians.” But, In­dian Army and para­mil­i­tary forces have im­punity, in­deed a li­cence to kill the in­no­cent and un­armed Kash­miris, who can re­sort to stone pelt­ing the max­i­mum.

Two weeks ear­lier, three Kash­mir youth were killed in RS Pura and its sur­round­ing ar­eas. The peo­ple of In­dian occupied Kash­mir ( IOK) are so much scared that, no one knows who is go­ing to be fired upon at what time. As per a lo­cal of RS Pura, “The sit­u­a­tion has been very bad for last few days. The sound of ( gun fire) scares ev­ery­one, we don’t know who it is go­ing to hit.” Ear­lier, the Chi­nese news agency Xinhua re­ported on Jan­uary 27, 2018 that, “To­day two youth were killed and one wounded” by In­dian Army. In last three weeks In­dian security forces have killed over 39 Kash­miri youth in var­i­ous parts of IOK. Some of these Kash­miri youth are taken into cus­tody un­der the pro­vi­sions of Pub­lic Safety Act and Armed Forces Spe­cial Power Act and then tor­tured and killed. Some of them are taken to LoC and killed in fake en­coun­ters, show­ing them as mil­i­tants, try­ing to en­ter IOK through AJK. The fir­ing along LoC by In­dian Army is done to jus­tify killing of these or vice versa. In­deed, as a cam­paign there is a mass killing of Kash­miri youth by In­dian Army. These youth are de­ter­mined for their free­dom from In­dian oc­cu­pa­tion and their love for Pak­istan.

From the re­al­ist’s per­spec­tive, there are two most dis­tin­guished char­ac­ter­is­tics of the cur­rent wave of Kash­miri move­ment against In­dian oc­cu­pa­tion in IOK. First; the Kash­miri youth has taken over the en­tire free­dom move­ment in their hand ever since the cold blooded mur­der of Burhan Wani, a social media ac­tivist killed by In­dian Army on July 8, 2018. Sec­ond, the Kash­mir youth have clearly iden­ti­fied Pak­istan as their destination. Un­like 1980s and 1990s, where there were two stances among the Kash­miri masses; ac­ces­sion to Pak­istan and in­de­pen­dence of the state, the on­go­ing phase is a de­lin­eated and dis­tin­guished by ProPak­istan stance. Kash­miri youth dress like Pak­istan, be­gin their sports and aca­demic ac­tiv­i­ties with Pak­istani Na­tional An­them and ac­cord­ing to the Pak­istani stan­dard time.

For this ded­i­cated love with Pak­istan, the Kash­mir youth are pay­ing a very heavy price in term of their lives, con­tin­ued bru­tal­i­ties at the hands of In­dian security forces, un­em­ploy­ment, social and state dis­crim­i­na­tion and above all a con­tin­u­ous In­dian oc­cu­pa­tion. Chant­ing the pro- Pak­istan and anti- In­dia slo­gans by the Kash­miri youth have alarmed the In­dian security forces so much that, they have started ar­rest­ing the iso­lated youth and ask them to raise slo­gan against Pak­istan un­der duress while beat­ing them con­stantly to do so. In­dian military and its RSS led Gov­ern­ment is ig­nor­ing the facts on ground and try­ing to mislead the world through bru­tal­is­ing the Kash­miri youth.

The peo­ple like for­mer Chief Min­is­ter of IOK, Dr Fa­rooq Ab­dul­lah and for­mer Ex­ter­nal Af­fairs Min­is­ter, Yaswant Sinha have tried warned In­dia that, ‘ In­dia is los­ing Kash­mir’ and Kash­miri youth are think­ing very dif­fer­ently about the In­dian oc­cu­pa­tion its re­pres­sion. Ear­lier in 2016, Dr Fa­rooq Ab­dul­lah ex­pressed the love of Kash­miris with Pak­istan in a state­ment say­ing, “Here in Kash­mir peo­ple love Pak­istan. Even if you ( New Delhi) will throw all your trea­suries open for them, you can’t take away the sen­ti­ment from their hearts. So, what can Fa­rooq Ab­dul­lah do in this re­gard?” In fact, Kash­miri stu­dents of Na­tional In­sti­tute of Tech­nol­ogy ( NIT), Sri­na­gar have re­volted against In­dian oc­cu­pa­tion by show­ing a ded­i­cated love for Pak­istan and hate for In­dia. Mr Ab­dul­lah also alarmed New Delhi by say­ing, “The more Kash­miris are sup­pressed, the more their love for Pak­istan will grow. New Delhi thinks that by of­fer­ing lu­cra­tive pack­ages they can buy Kash­miris and erode the sen­ti­ment but it will not hap­pen. Kash­miris will take the pack­age but won’t change a bit. New Delhi al­ways boasts of pro­vid­ing lib­eral eco­nomic pack­ages, but in re­al­ity took away what­ever we owned.”

In­deed, there are se­ri­ous is­sues of hu­man security in IOK. The ba­sic right to live, sur­vive, cher­ish and pros­per in life is for ev­ery hu­man be­ing and is ex­plic­itly guar­an­teed in the in­ter­na­tional law. Nev­er­the­less, de­spite the pas­sage of seven decades, peo­ple of the IOK are wait­ing for their right of self- de­ter­mi­na­tion, promised by United Na­tions. The pro­vi­sion of hu­man rights and security are cat­e­gor­i­cally stated both in in­ter­na­tional law and in the In­ter­na­tional Covenant on Civil and Po­lit­i­cal Rights ( ICCPR). The ba­sic pro­vi­sion of the in­ter­na­tional law is that; “in­di­vid­u­als should not be ar­bi­trar­ily de­prived of their lives, and homi­cide should be de­terred, pre­vented and pun­ished.” These rights are fur­ther se­cured and pro­tected by the ‘ Uni­ver­sal Dec­la­ra­tion of Hu­man Rights- 1948’.

Kash­mir holds the key for peace be­tween Pak­istan and In­dia and peace be­tween these two neigh­bours would guar­an­tee peace and sta­bil­ity of South Asia, which fur­ther guar­an­tee the in­ter­na­tional peace, ow­ing to nu­clear di­men­sion of the dis­pute. Pak­istan and the peo­ple of Kash­mir strongly re­alise that, wars and con­flicts are not the so­lu­tion of Kash­mir

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