First Climate Change Policy
Pakistan last month formally approved its first draft of the climate change policy. The policy draft, which has been welcomed after the most severe floods in the history of Pakistan, has already been accepted by the country’s Min- istry of Environment and will shortly be presented for the Cabinet’s approval.
Global climate experts have lauded the efforts and have categorized Pakistan amongst the few developing countries which have prepared such a comprehensive national policy on a subject which is on top of the global priority agenda after war on terror.
In 2008, the Climate Change Task Force was formed for the policy draft. Some 40 experts from different but related fields strived for two years to finalize it. The task force also consulted federal and provincial agencies, organizations and other experts.
The main objective of the policy is to sustain economic growth by addressing the challenges of climate change. The sectors of water resources, agriculture, human health, forestry, biodiversity and others are also among the top priorities along with the areas of mountains, pastures, marine and coastal eco-systems.
The policy also stresses upon the importance of learning, training, technical and capacity building approach. These targets are to be achieved by awareness, national and international cooperation, technology transfer and funding.
Pakistan has diverse ecosystems which include coastlines, deserts, arid zones, mountains and glaciers. These areas are in danger due to population growth, lack of planning and mismanagement.