NEIGH­BOR

The United States and China are mov­ing to­wards a healthy re­la­tion­ship but there are some strate­gic dif­fer­ences that may fur­ther deepen in fu­ture.

Southasia - - Front page - By S. M. Hali

A War of Words

China is wary of Amer­ica’s in­ter­fer­ence in its re­gional pol­i­tics.

With the U.S. econ­omy in a steep de­cline, Si­noU.S. ri­valry is reach­ing a peak. Peo­ple’s Repub­lic of China (PRC) gained in­de­pen­dence in 1949. Prior to that PRC had been bru­tal­ized by suc­ces­sive colonists, who ran­sacked the trea­sure troves of an­cient Chi­nese dy­nas­ties, leav­ing the na­tion des­ti­tute. The Ja­panese oc­cu­pa­tion and the reign of ter­ror by the Kuom­intang (KMT) brought about the Long March led by the Com­mu­nist Party of China (CPC) leader Mao Tse Dong. KMT Chief Chi­ang Kai Shek re­treated to Tai­wan, while iron­i­cally U.S. and the Oc­ci­dent rec­og­nized the govern­ment of KMT as “Repub­lic of China”, ig­nor­ing the right of ex­is­tence of 1.5 bil­lion in­hab­i­tants of PRC for twenty six years.

Tai­wan was also ac­com­mo­dated as a per­ma­nent mem­ber of the UN Se­cu­rity Coun­cil, while PRC was treated as a pariah, with the west pro­hibit­ing all from deal­ing, trad­ing or pro­vid­ing any tech­no­log­i­cal sup­port to it. De­spite all the re­stric­tions, PRC con­tin­ued to de­velop and in the last thirty years, its prag­matic lead­er­ship and as­tute plan­ning has brought about a phe­nom­e­nal rise in its econ­omy and mil­i­tary strength.

The U.S., which was in­stru­men­tal in sup­press­ing PRC for nearly three decades, be­came wary of China’s ris­ing power, which has over­taken Ja­pan’s econ­omy and is fore­cast to sur­pass the U.S. in a decade or so. How­ever, the de­cline in the U.S. econ­omy, its bud­get deficit, loss of credit rat­ing and debt cri­sis may nar­row the gap even sooner. De­spite the fact that PRC bailed the U.S. by pur­chas­ing three tril­lion dol­lars worth of govern­ment bonds, the U.S. wastes no op­por­tu­nity to crit­i­cize PRC. Its re­cent calls for the PRC to revalue its cur­ren-

Amer­ica’s med­dling with Chi­nese do­mes­tic pol­i­tics can sour re­la­tions with Bei­jing.

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