Water wars between India, Pakistan and Bangladesh have hampered the peace process and have also hinted ed at the grave issue of water scarcity that severely plagues the region.
The South Asian region is one of the most densely populated in the world, and water needs for the huge populations in major countries are equally large. Sitting at the pinnacle of water sharing and water management issues are the trio of India, Pakistan and Bangladesh; the latter two having had some serious disputes with the former.
Any citizen of Pakistan will readily testify to the antagonistic feelings held against their Indian counterparts. The fact is that besides partition-related historical enmity, water disputes have added to the turbulence in diplomatic ties between the two countries.
Earlier leaders of the two nations had anticipated animosity over water and therefore the Indus Water Treaty was signed in 1960, delineating control over rivers in the region, as well as principles of cooperation between the two. Under this treaty, control over the eastern rivers – Beas, Ravi and Sutlej – was given to India, while western rivers – Indus, Jhelum and Chenab – were under the control of Pakistan. The catch, however, is that the source of all rivers, including the ones over which Pakistan has control, is India, giving Pakistan reason to argue that India’s upstream dams and projects