The His­tory of Mu­sic in Afghanistan

Southasia - - Music passion -

Afghanistan be­longs to a his­tor­i­cal re­gion pre­vi­ously known as Aryana and Greater Khurasan. It has one of the most rich and in­ter­est­ing his­to­ries of mu­sic mak­ing in the world, de­spite the ten­dency of mu­si­col­o­gists to ne­glect its in­de­pen­dence and im­por­tant con­tri­bu­tions to the mu­sic of the sur­round­ing area. Since pre­his­toric (Vedic-Aves­tan) times, mu­sic in Afghanistan clearly in­di­cates that the coun­try due to its cen­tral lo­ca­tion, was an im­por­tant con­trib­u­tor to the re­cip­ro­cal devel­op­ment of mu­sic with peo­ple of Cen­tral Asia, Per­sia and the In­dian sub­con­ti­nent. The sub­se­quent his­tor­i­cal, cul­tural and re­li­gious de­vel­op­ments such as Greek, pre-Is­lamic Bud­dhist, Is­lamic, Ghaz­navid, Timurid and Hin­dus­tani, fur­ther demon­strates the in­ter­cul­tural devel­op­ment of mu­sic in the re­gion.

At­tempts to in­tro­duce mu­sic ed­u­ca­tion date back to 1924 when the first mu­sic school at­tached to the mil­i­tary col­lege was founded and an ef­fort was made to in­clude mu­sic as a sub­ject in the over­all cur­ricu­lum of the sec­u­lar schools. In 1934, the mu­sic col­lege within the Afghan Army was re-es­tab­lished and taught West­ern no­ta­tion and wind in­stru­ments by Turk­ish in­struc­tors. At­tempts to es­tab­lish mu­sic ed­u­ca­tion out­side the Army goes back to the es­tab­lish­ment of mu­sic ap­pre­ci­a­tion classes through the Min­istry of Ed­u­ca­tion in 1959 by Aus­trian mu­si­cians. Af­ter their de­par­ture in 1974, the classes were con­verted into a sec­ondary vocational School of Mu­sic run by the Government o of Afghanistan. In 1988, this school merged w with the School of Fine Arts, and op­er­ated un­til 1 1992, when civil war con­sumed Afghanistan. It w was dur­ing this un­for­tu­nate pe­riod that the supp pres­sion and even ban­ning of mu­sic was im­plem mented. The tra­di­tions of Afghan mu­sic were f forced to mi­grate along with the refugees or go ‘ ‘un­der­ground’ within the houses and pro­pon nents of mu­sic who re­mained in­side the count try. Af­ter the so­cial-po­lit­i­cal changes of 2001, t the mu­sic de­part­ment within the School of F Fine Arts re­opened in 2005 with many limit tations and ex­isted only by name.

Source: http://www.afghanistan­nat­tion­alin­sti­tu­te­of­mu­sic.org/

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