Im­proved stats

Southasia - - BRIEFING -

Bangladesh has made sig­nif­i­cant strides in the re­duc­tion of the child mor­tal­ity rate de­spite be­ing one of the world’s poor­est coun­tries. In fact, it is on track for achiev­ing the Mil­len­nium De­vel­op­ment Goals (MDGs) 4 and 5, which aim to re­duce un­der­five child and ma­ter­nal mor­tal­ity. In fact, Bangladesh is one of the ight coun­tries which have re­duced their under-five mor­tal­ity rate by at least two-thirds since the 1990s. In Bangladesh, deaths of chil­dren under the age of five de­creased from 139 per 1,000 live births in 1990 to 46 in 2011. In 1970, the coun­try’s under-five mor­tal­ity rate was even higher – 239. Ma­ter­nal deaths have also plum­meted from 800 per 100,000 live births in 1990 to 240 in 2010. Al­most 200 health fa­cil­i­ties in Bangladesh have re­ceived bet­ter train­ing in emer­gency ob­stet­ric care since 2000.

Although the num­ber of poor women who give birth at health fa­cil­i­ties has in­creased con­sid­er­ably, more than 70 per­cent still de­liver at home. There is still a dearth of hos­pi­tals and trained doc­tors, nurses, paramedics and mid­wives. It is es­pe­cially hard to re­tain med­i­cal per­son­nel in ru­ral ar­eas. How­ever, re­cent fig­ures show that Bangladesh’s child and ma­ter­nal health statis­tics are bet­ter than those of In­dia’s.

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