Abdulla Yameen of the Progressive Party of the Maldives was elected president of the country after his shock victory in the November 2013 elections. Yameen, , who is half brother of long-time Maldivian ruler Maumoon Abdul Gayoom, was sworn in by the chief justice at a ceremony attended by his defeated opponent Mohamed Nasheed who conceded defeat after a bitterly fought battle.
The presidential polls in the Maldives were cancelled a number of times by the supreme court of the country. The situation had become so serious that the international community had put the nation on notice to elect a leader by November 17 or risk censure. Western diplomats had threatened international isolation unless the Maldives allowed its people to freely elect a leader. The European Union had warned of "appropriate measures" if elections did not go ahead while the Commonwealth had threatened to expel the country from its membership.
The United States and India were among the first countries to congratulate Yameen on his election. New Delhi had had an uneasy relationship with Male after the toppling of the former President, Nasheed. Nasheed had once taken refuge at the Indian High Commission in Male to avoid arrest. He had also claimed that the February 2012 coup to topple his government was triggered by a police mutiny and months of public protests orchestrated by Yameen's party and was supported by the then Vice President, Waheed.
Nasheed had also accused Yameen's half-brother Maumoon Abdul Gayoom, who ruled the island country with an iron fist for 30 years, of being behind his downfall. But after the announcement of the election result, both Nasheed and Yameen pledged to work together to bring stability to the country.