Gen­der im­bal­ance

Southasia - - BRIEFINGS -

The qual­ity of jobs for women is still an is­sue in Bhutan, de­spite the re­mark­able progress the coun­try has made in fe­male la­bor force par­tic­i­pa­tion by sur­pass­ing the East Asian and Pa­cific av­er­age. This has been revealed in the Gen­der Pol­icy Note jointly pre­pared by the World Bank and Bhutan’s Na­tional Com­mis­sion for Women and Chil­dren. The re­port ob­serves that women in Bhutan are gen­er­ally em­ployed in low-pay­ing agri­cul­tural jobs, while those em­ployed in the non-agri­cul­tural sec­tor earn al­most 25 per­cent less than men. How­ever, there is lit­tle gen­der dis­par­ity in terms of over­all em­ploy­ment, as in­di­cated by the 2011 La­bor Force Sur­vey, which states that about 72 per­cent males and 67 per­cent fe­males are em­ployed. Ed­u­ca­tion, age, lo­ca­tion and the type of jobs are the main fac­tors that lead to the gap in earnings, the find­ings re­veal.

The pol­icy rec­om­mends that girls should be en­cour­aged and sup­ported to com­plete sec­ondary and ter­tiary ed­u­ca­tion. The re­port also urges that so­cial norms about gen­der roles in house­holds should be ad­dressed.

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