The quality of jobs for women is still an issue in Bhutan, despite the remarkable progress the country has made in female labor force participation by surpassing the East Asian and Pacific average. This has been revealed in the Gender Policy Note jointly prepared by the World Bank and Bhutan’s National Commission for Women and Children. The report observes that women in Bhutan are generally employed in low-paying agricultural jobs, while those employed in the non-agricultural sector earn almost 25 percent less than men. However, there is little gender disparity in terms of overall employment, as indicated by the 2011 Labor Force Survey, which states that about 72 percent males and 67 percent females are employed. Education, age, location and the type of jobs are the main factors that lead to the gap in earnings, the findings reveal.
The policy recommends that girls should be encouraged and supported to complete secondary and tertiary education. The report also urges that social norms about gender roles in households should be addressed.