Wetlands around Mumbai continue to be threatened despite an order by the Bombay High Court that has directed civic authorities to ensure that no reclamation or construction is allowed on wetlands. According to environmentalists, violations continue to take place every day. While the forest department could act on the violations on forest land, a problem arises when there is construction on the wetlands or coastal regions.
Wetlands are areas of land that are either temporarily or permanently covered by water, depending on the seasonal variability. They are known to stabilize coastlines, control erosion, provide a habitat for plant and animal species, prevent floods and purify groundwater. They also regulate climate change by storing carbon.