The post-election rhetoric of the UCPN (M) has led many to conclude that the party is finally accepting its diminished status in Nepal’s politics.
Before its first steps towards democracy, Nepal went through a bloody period of civil war that lasted a decade and cost thousands of lives. The social and economic landscape of this small landlocked country was severely affected. Its dwindling popularity with tourists could have spelled doom for the economy if it were not for the remittances sent by Nepalese immigrants who had moved abroad due to the conflict.
The civil war had been initiated by the Communist Party of Nepal (Maoist) to abolish the monarchy and feudalism. Apart from intermittent periods of ceasefire to hold negotiations, it went on until 2006. During this time, the CPN (M) led by Pushpa Kamal Dahal, commonly known as Prachanda, established its strongholds in rural areas of Nepal, taking control where the government’s presence was weak. Since the majority of the Nepalese lived in rural areas, this firmly positioned the CPN ( M) as one of the most important forces in Nepal, one that claimed to be the people’s representative.
The civil war finally ended when