Na­tional Ac­tion Plan

Southasia - - CONTENTS -

Pak­istan’s Na­tional Plan is the first step in the long strug­gle against ex­trem­ism and ter­ror­ism.

Awell-func­tion­ing state is ex­pected to take care of the ba­sic needs of the cit­i­zenry. Some of th­ese are pro­vided di­rectly such as de­fense of the ter­ri­tory in which the cit­i­zens live. The state is also ex­pected to en­sure law and or­der in the ter­ri­to­ries it gov­erns. Some of the cit­i­zens are helped by the state as­so­ci­at­ing it­self with the pri­vate sec­tor. The pri­vate sec­tor it­self has two parts: those en­ti­ties that work for profit and those who pro­vide ser­vices for non­profit rea­sons. There are ser­vices that are of­ten en­trusted to state mo­nop­o­lies. This is the way in which the state in de­vel­op­ing coun­tries pro­vides elec­tric­ity, gas, drink­ing wa­ter and san­i­ta­tion to their pop­u­la­tions.

Main­te­nance of law and or­der is one of the more vi­tal func­tions of the state. This func­tion has es­sen­tially three el­e­ments. Writ­ing the laws within which the se­cu­rity agen­cies work is the re­spon­si­bil­ity of the leg­isla­tive branch. En­forc­ing the laws is the work of the po­lice force which gen­er­ally works within the ju­ris­dic­tion of sub-na­tional gov­ern­ments. The ju­di­cial sys­tem has the re­spon­si­bil­ity of pun­ish­ing those who com­mit trans­gres­sions against the es­tab­lished legal frame­work. State fail­ure oc­curs when any one of th­ese func­tions are not per­formed to the cit­i­zenry's sat­is­fac­tion. Ma­jor fail­ures call for ex­tra­or­di­nary mea­sures.

There was po­lit­i­cal con­sen­sus in Pak­istan on De­cem­ber 25, 2014 that such a sit­u­a­tion had been reached in the coun­try. The prime min­is­ter ad­dressed the na­tion late at night and an­nounced a mu­tu­ally agreed 20-point Na­tional Plan of Ac­tion (NAP).

Even the slow mov­ing and evolv­ing po­lit­i­cal or­der in Pak­istan picked up speed af­ter the Pe­shawar tragedy of De­cem­ber 16, 2014. The PML-N gov­ern­ment worked with other po­lit­i­cal par­ties to de­velop a twenty-point Na­tional Ac­tion Plan (NAP) aimed at deal­ing with the scourge of ex­trem­ism. At the top of the to-do list was the lift­ing of the mora­to­rium on the death penalty. As soon as the prime min­is­ter an­nounced that his gov­ern­ment would

By Shah­hiShaha Shahid hahi­hida hi id JaveJavJa Jave­dav­eve ave vedvve vev Bu Burki ki

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