National Action Plan
Pakistan’s National Plan is the first step in the long struggle against extremism and terrorism.
Awell-functioning state is expected to take care of the basic needs of the citizenry. Some of these are provided directly such as defense of the territory in which the citizens live. The state is also expected to ensure law and order in the territories it governs. Some of the citizens are helped by the state associating itself with the private sector. The private sector itself has two parts: those entities that work for profit and those who provide services for nonprofit reasons. There are services that are often entrusted to state monopolies. This is the way in which the state in developing countries provides electricity, gas, drinking water and sanitation to their populations.
Maintenance of law and order is one of the more vital functions of the state. This function has essentially three elements. Writing the laws within which the security agencies work is the responsibility of the legislative branch. Enforcing the laws is the work of the police force which generally works within the jurisdiction of sub-national governments. The judicial system has the responsibility of punishing those who commit transgressions against the established legal framework. State failure occurs when any one of these functions are not performed to the citizenry's satisfaction. Major failures call for extraordinary measures.
There was political consensus in Pakistan on December 25, 2014 that such a situation had been reached in the country. The prime minister addressed the nation late at night and announced a mutually agreed 20-point National Plan of Action (NAP).
Even the slow moving and evolving political order in Pakistan picked up speed after the Peshawar tragedy of December 16, 2014. The PML-N government worked with other political parties to develop a twenty-point National Action Plan (NAP) aimed at dealing with the scourge of extremism. At the top of the to-do list was the lifting of the moratorium on the death penalty. As soon as the prime minister announced that his government would