Oil exploration in Sri Lanka
Offering its offshore blocks for oil and gas exploration, the Sri Lankan government has been luring global oil companies to carry out exploration activities in the Mannar Basin, an area off the northern coast. This move will help them meet the energy demand of the country for a longer period. However, the oil and gas exploration operations in the region may put the environment at risk. In fact, oil spills frequently occur, mostly during the transportation of oil from the onshore platform to onshore facilities, which have adverse effects on the marine environment. The chances of accidental oil leakages from pipelines and oil tankers are also high. Considering the environment hazards created by oil drilling and transportation activities, it is necessary to ensure the overall protection of the environment and take viable measures to prevent possible leakages.