India’s future as a secular country has become a big question mark.
The largest South Asian nation grapples with extremist religious elements.
Secularism is defined as the belief that religion should not play a role in government, education, or other public parts of society. India has been taking pride in being founded on principles set in its Constitution, which states in its preamble:
“We the people of India, having solemnly resolved to constitute India into a sovereign, socialist, secular, democratic Republic…”
On the basis of abiding by the facets of secularism, India has won accolades in international organizations but the truth is that its secularism is farcical. Immediately after the partition of the Indian sub-continent, communal violence broke out. The exodus of Muslims fleeing to Pakistan was set upon by marauding Hindu and Sikh extremists and looted, raped and killed. Unfortunately, Muslim mobs too retaliated by attacking and killing Hindus and Sikhs migrating to India.
The frenzy of savagery died down after a few months but in India, there was little semblance of secularism. It returned with the Babri Mosque incident and the bloody attack on the Golden Temple in Amritsar. The mayhem continued with the brutal attacks on Sikhs in 1984 in the aftermath of Prime Minister Indira Gandhi’s assassination at the hands of