Suffering in Silence
Termed as a basic violation of human rights, female genital mutilation is a common practice in Mumbai.
Known as female circumcision, genital cutting, female excision or clitoral mutilation, female genital mutilation (FGM) is an old ritual, which is still practiced in many parts of the world.
According to the WHO, FGM is practiced in more than 27 countries of sub-Saharan Africa, such as Côte d'Ivoire, Cameroon, Liberia, Togo, Guinea-Bissau, Kenya, São Tomé and Príncipe, the Democratic Republic of Congo and many others.
By Faizan Usmani
As per the Orchard Project, an international advocacy group, FGM is also practiced in some parts of the Middle East and Southeast Asia and is common in some Asian and African immigrant populations currently living in Australia, Europe, North America, Canada and the United States.
According to the Population Council, an estimated total of 100 to 140 million women and girls between ages 15 and 19 have undergone a form of genital mutilation and if the trend continues it will affect around 3 three million girls each year worldwide. According to the Plan International, an international development organisation, the figure is quite higher as about 200 million girls and women have already been subjected to FGM, while more than 14.5 million additional women will be subjected to it in the next 15 years.
FGM is normally performed on girls during their early childhood without any permission, willingness