Brief history of PPP
Presently headed by Bilawal Bhutto and Asif Ali Zardari, the PPP was once the largest national political party. It gained popularity and support during the 1971 elections on the basis of socialist slogans of ‘Roti, Kapra, Makan’ (‘bread, clothes, shelter’). PPP took control of the country after the 1971 war. After its first parliamentary term, PPP secured a victory in the 1977 elections to rule for another five years. The opposition parties claimed that the election was heavily rigged by the PPP. Tensions mounted and despite an agreement between the opposition and the PPP, martial law was imposed by Gen. Zia ul Haq. Bhutto was hanged in 1979 after a controversial trial. On restoration of civilian rule, Benazir Bhutto was elected twice as the prime minister but her governments were dismissed both occasions on corruption charges. In 2008, after the assassination of Benazir in December 2007, the PPP ruled for another five years (2008-13), with Asif Ali Zardari as President. It lost the 2013 elections and is now confined to governing in Sindh though it has a majority in the Senate.