In­ter­na­tional Fo­rum for a Nu­clear Weapons-free World Makes Step Toward a Safer Planet

The Diplomatic Insight - - Editor’s Desk - 1

Nu­clear se­cu­rity is­sues play an im­por­tant role in world pol­i­tics. And the In­ter­na­tional Fo­rum for a Nu­clear Weapon-Free­World held in As­tana and Se­mey on Oc­to­ber 12 and 13was a de­ci­sive step in mov­ing the ef­forts of pol­icy mak­ers and the gen­eral pub­lic toward elim­i­nat­ing the nu­clear threat. More than 400 del­e­gates from around the world at­tended the fo­rum, in­clud­ing the heads and rep­re­sen­ta­tives of in­ter­na­tional or­ga­ni­za­tions such as the United Na­tion­als, the In­ter­na­tion­alA­tomic En­ergy Agency (IAEA), the Or­ga­ni­za­tion for Se­cu­rity and Co­op­er­a­tion in Europe (OSCE), the Com­pre­hen­sive Nu­clear-Test Ban Treaty Or­ga­ni­za­tion (CTBTO), and prominent nu­clear dis­ar­ma­ment ex­perts and sci­en­tists. “A nu­clear weapons-free world is not utopia. It is a re­al­ity that is present in the larger part of the world. Zones free of nu­clear weapons ex­ist in Cen­tral and South Amer­ica, Aus­tralia and Ocea­nia, Africa, South­east and Cen­tral Asia. Th­ese zones make up nearly half of the world. To­day, we need an ef­fec­tive mech­a­nism of in­ter­na­tional le­gal guar­an­tees from all nu­clear states for the mem­bers of th­ese zones,” Kaza­khstan's Pres­i­dent Nur­sul­tan Nazarbayev said open­ing the fo­rum. He called on par­tic­i­pants to create an au­thor­i­ta­tive, pow­er­ful and global anti-nu­clear move­ment, the main goal of which should be not only the fight against the nu­clear threat, but also the for­ma­tion of a per­sis­tent peo­ple's anti-nu­clear world­view that re­jects all forms of nu­clear weapons. Pres­i­dent Nazarbayev also re­minded the coun­tries pos­sess­ing nu­clear weapons about the re­spon­si­bil­ity to main­tain peace and warned about the threat of nu­clear tech­nol­ogy falling into the hands of ter­ror­ists. The UN Sec­re­tary-Gen­eral and the U.S. Pres­i­dent ex­pressed their sol­i­dar­ity with the poli­cies of Kaza­khstan and its pres­i­dent aimed at build­ing a world free from nu­clear weapons. “The fo­rum in As­tana is yet an­other ex­am­ple of the global lead­er­ship of Pres­i­dent Nazarbayev in nu­clear dis­ar­ma­ment,” UN Sec­re­tary Gen­eral Ban Ki-moon said in his video mes­sage played to fo­rum's par­tic­i­pants in­As­tana's Palace of In­de­pen­dence. “Thanks to your coura­geous de­ci­sion twenty years ago, Semi­palatinsk has be­come a pow­er­ful sym­bol of hope. Hope for a world free of nu­clear weapons.” U.S. Pres­i­dent Barack Obama ex­pressed a sim­i­lar sen­ti­ment in his state­ment read by U.S. Deputy Sec­re­tary of En­ergy Daniel Pone­man. “On the 20th an­niver­sary of the per­ma­nent clo­sure of the nu­clear test site at Semi­palatinsk, I com­mend the Repub­lic of Kaza­khstan and Pres­i­dent Nur­sul­tan Nazarbayev on this his­toric de­ci­sion that helped set the stage for fu­ture nu­clear re­duc­tion and non­pro­lif­er­a­tion ef­forts. This cer­e­mony to­day re­minds us that end­ing nu­clear test­ing­must re­main a top pri­or­ity for the global com­mu­nity.” “For nearly two decades, the United States and Kaza­khstan have worked to­gether to se­cure and elim­i­nate bi­o­log­i­cal weapons. Our part­ner­ship is a tes­ta­ment to what is pos­si­ble when na­tions come to­gether in a spirit of co­op­er­a­tion to em­brace our shared re­spon­si­bil­ity and con­front a shared chal­lenge… Kaza­khstan has been a long­time leader in non­pro­lif­er­a­tion and nu­clear se­cu­rity, as well as a friend to the United States. I look for­ward to con­tin­u­ing our joint projects in th­ese ar­eas,” Pres­i­den­tObama wrote. In his speech, Nazarbayev stressed that Kaza­khstan will re­main a re­li­able part­ner in non- pro­lif­er­a­tion, dis­ar­ma­ment, and peace­ful uses of atomic en­ergy. In his ad­dress to the fo­rum, IAEADirec­tor Gen­er­alYukiya

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