In­ter­view H.E Oleh Shevchenko Charged' af­fairs of Ukraine to the Is­lamic Repub­lic of Pak­istan

The Diplomatic Insight - - Editor’s Desk - 25

TheDi­plo­mat­icIn­sight is pro­duc­ing ex­cerpts of in­ter­view of H.E. Oleh SHEVCHENKO, Charge d'Af­fairs ofUkraine to the Is­lamic Repub­lic of Pak­istan. Q:ThisyearUkrainecel­e­brat­es­the20thanniver­saryof in­de­pen­dence.WhatisUkraine­to­day? In­deed, Ukraine's in­de­pen­dence was pro­claimed 20 years ago. In the early years of the in­de­pen­dence our na­tion faced with se­ri­ous chal­lenges. You re­mem­ber that USSR col­lapsed be­cause of the to­tal po­lit­i­cal and eco­nomic cri­sis. So, the lead­ers of in­de­pen­dent Ukraine have been re­solved the prob­lems which soviet lead­ers couldn`t over­come. First of all, have been es­tab­lished the new state in­sti­tu­tions and an in­ter­na­tional recog­ni­tion been achieved. Sec­ond, the Ukrainian lead­ers de­cided to re­form in­ef­fi­cient com­mu­nist, soviet-type ad­min­is­tra­tive man­age­ment sys­tem and, in­stead, create new sys­tem on the base of democ­racy and mar­ket econ­omy. Many prob­lems were re­solved in econ­omy. Among other, the tra­di­tional eco­nomic ties were dis­rupted, when one state was di­vided into 15 states. In prac­tice this means that the col­lapse of the Soviet Union led to the col­lapse of the Soviet com­pa­nies. Fac­to­ries and plants that pre­vi­ously be­longed to united Soviet com­pany be­came the prop­erty of in­de­pen­dent states, be­come in­de­pen­dent en­ter­prises. Pro­duc­tion chain was de­stroyed. There­fore, the lead­ers of Ukrainian en­ter­prises faced a prob­lem of es­tab­lish­ing new re­la­tions in the new eco­nomic re­al­ity. In this re­al­ity Ukraine has not been part of a closed planned econ­omy of the USSR, the Ukrainian econ­omy has be­come part of the global econ­omy. Ukrainian com­pa­nies had to co­op­er­ate and com­pete with for­eign com­pa­nies on in­ter­na­tional and na­tional mar­ket.

An­other prob­lem, which Ukraine in­her­ited from the Soviet Union, was the dom­i­nance of the mil­i­tary-in­dus­trial com­plex in the econ­omy. How­ever, Ukraine was able to turn this dis­ad­van­tage into an ad­van­tage. Our coun­try has es­tab­lished a com­plete pro­duc­tion cy­cle of arms and now Ukraine is one of the largest sup­pli­ers of mil­i­tary goods on the global mar­ket. Prob­a­bly you know about the Ch­er­nobyl

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