Interview H.E Oleh Shevchenko Charged' affairs of Ukraine to the Islamic Republic of Pakistan
TheDiplomaticInsight is producing excerpts of interview of H.E. Oleh SHEVCHENKO, Charge d'Affairs ofUkraine to the Islamic Republic of Pakistan. Q:ThisyearUkrainecelebratesthe20thanniversaryof independence.WhatisUkrainetoday? Indeed, Ukraine's independence was proclaimed 20 years ago. In the early years of the independence our nation faced with serious challenges. You remember that USSR collapsed because of the total political and economic crisis. So, the leaders of independent Ukraine have been resolved the problems which soviet leaders couldn`t overcome. First of all, have been established the new state institutions and an international recognition been achieved. Second, the Ukrainian leaders decided to reform inefficient communist, soviet-type administrative management system and, instead, create new system on the base of democracy and market economy. Many problems were resolved in economy. Among other, the traditional economic ties were disrupted, when one state was divided into 15 states. In practice this means that the collapse of the Soviet Union led to the collapse of the Soviet companies. Factories and plants that previously belonged to united Soviet company became the property of independent states, become independent enterprises. Production chain was destroyed. Therefore, the leaders of Ukrainian enterprises faced a problem of establishing new relations in the new economic reality. In this reality Ukraine has not been part of a closed planned economy of the USSR, the Ukrainian economy has become part of the global economy. Ukrainian companies had to cooperate and compete with foreign companies on international and national market.
Another problem, which Ukraine inherited from the Soviet Union, was the dominance of the military-industrial complex in the economy. However, Ukraine was able to turn this disadvantage into an advantage. Our country has established a complete production cycle of arms and now Ukraine is one of the largest suppliers of military goods on the global market. Probably you know about the Chernobyl