Islam, geopolitics, and natural gas determine relations between Pakistan and Turkmenistan. Both countries established formal diplomatic ties on 10 May 1992. Regionalism also bonds both countries. The ten-member Economic CooperationOrganization (ECO) engages them, besides the 56- member Organization of Islamic Cooperation (OIC). Whilst Pakistan is an Observer in the Shanghai Cooperation Organization (SCO), Turkmenistan is a Guest Attendant in the organization. However, it is largely the natural gas that pushes relations between the two countries to a much stronger footing. This idea is there for quite sometime since the latter's independence in 1992. Turkmenistan is an important member of the Central Asian Republics and could play a vital role in bridging the region with the rest of the world. Turkmenistan shares geographical proximity with Pakistan. Pakistan is facing chronic shortage of gas for industry and consumers. Government has been coming on gas conservation strategy, which is further detrimental to the economic development process. For Pakistan to meet its gas shortage, Iran and Turkmenistan are two potential suppliers. In spite of complicated geo-politics surrounding the construction of gas pipeline project in the region, Pakistan is going ahead with Iran already and now with Turkmenistan. The country is the fourth largest producer of natural gas in the world after Russia, Iran, and Qatar. Saudi gas production fall behind of Turkmenistan and the country has the potential to provide the supply of natural gas to countries in Europe such as Turkey, Romania, and Hungary. China is also interested to buy the natural gas fromTurkmenistan. The two-day visit of Turkmenistan's President Gurbanguly Berdimuhamedow on 14-15 November (2011) was highly crucial from this perspective of meting Pakistan growing gas needs and to meet the challenge in the near future. P r e s i d e n t Asif Al i Zardari and P r e s i d e n t Berdymukhammedov vowed to widen cooperation with a focus on expanding trade and economic activities. They agreed to combat terrorism, check illicit trafficking of weapons, narcotic drugs, illegal migration and other crimes. Promoting relations in fields of culture, science, education, art, and tourism were also came for consideration. The two sides agreed to start direct air-links between Pakistan and Turkmenistanwhich would facilitate towards developing a trade corridor in the region. The other four agreements and MoUs signed by the two s i d e s were related to cooperation between the countries' foreign ministries, agreement on cooperation between the Associated Press of Pakistan (APP) and the Turkmen News State Service, an MoU on cooperation between Pakistan's Ministry of commerce and Ministry of Trade and Foreign Economic Relations of Turkmenistan and a n MoU o n cultural cooperation. President Zardari also proposed that the two countries may enter into a currency swap agreement, preferential tariff arrangement and a free trade agreement to further enhance bilateral trade and investment ties. Turkmenistan has the potential and ready to supply 1,000 MW to Pakistan.