Celebrating Pakistan-japan Relations
The glorious history of Pakistan-japan relationship has entered into their 6oth year of diplomatic establishment this year. Formal bilateral diplomatic relations were established on 18 April 1952. However, the only scholarly study so far conducted is that of the writer of this article himself three years ago, entitled Pakistan-japan Relations: Continuity and Change in Economic Relations and Security Interests, published in London and New York in 2008 by world academic publisher, Routledge. The study is based upon a doctoral dissertation done at La Trobe University, Melbourne, Australia, during 1994-97. The study fulfills a major gap that exists in research discourses on Pakistan's foreign and economic relations and in particular on Japan and the Eastasian region.
The study focuses on the development of Pakistan- Japan relations in the interplay of the economic and security interests of the two countries in the larger perspective of the international political economy affecting Pakistan and East Asia. This unique approach adds to the usefulness of the study. The study provides a basic guideline as to howasian economic systems started integrating with each other after Worldwar II, paving the way for political normalization in Asia and bringing back Japan to the Asian fold. The study reveals many unique aspects of Pakistan-japan relations. When Pakistan became independent in 1947, Japan was under US occupation and Pakistan's increasing trade requirements forced Pakistan that Japan should seek its lost sovereignty as soon as possible because an Occupied Japan could not trade freely and faces restrictions. The Occupied authorities, however, encourage trading links between Pakistan and Japan but Pakistan preferred to the end of all kinds of restrictions on Japan. Pakistan was confident of Japanese early economic recovery.as Pakistan considered Japan as a model for a speedy development for Asia and focused on the end of Occupation at early date. Whereas many Asian countries, Japan's neighbors, India, and the Soviet bloc disagreed on the terms and conditions of a peace treaty for Japan. The discussion on how and why Pakistan and Japan separately became treaty-based military allies of the United States and thus part of a US- anchored security complex against the spread of Communism in this part of Asia is thought provoking. U.S. Secretary of State John Foster Dulles remarked that 'Pakistan was the tower of strength on the Japanese peace treaty' signed on September 8 1951 at San Francisco that ended the U.S. Occupation of Japan and restored its sovereignty and revived its economy after the long six and half years of Occupation. The development of post-treaty bilateral diplomatic ties between Pakistan and Japan reveals some less known facts like the visit of Prime Minister Hussain Shaheed Suhrawardy in 1957, which paved the way for the Japanese Prime Minister Nobusuke Kishi's tour of Asian countries, which had hitherto remained blocked sinceworldwar II. Japan called its heart-to-heart diplomacy where Pakistan played increasingly vital role. Trade between Pakistan and Japan was highly complementary with Japan's textile industry getting supplies of raw materials such as cotton and jute in the