Na­tional Progress Re­port on Nu­clear Se­cu­rity of the Peo­ple's Repub­lic of China

The Diplomatic Insight - - China - 8

On March 27, China re­leased Na­tional Progress Re­port on Nu­clear Se­cu­rity of the Peo­ple's Repub­lic of China about the progress it has made on im­prov­ing nu­clear se­cu­rity over the past two years dur­ing the Seoul Nu­clear Se­cu­rity Sum­mit held in the cap­i­tal city of the Repub­lic of Korea (ROK) from March 26 to 27. Fol­low­ing is the full text of the re­port: The Chi­nese Gov­ern­ment has taken ac­tive mea­sures to im­ple­ment the out­come doc­u­ments of the Washington Nu­clear Se­cu­rity Sum­mit and made sig­nif­i­cant progress in the fol­low­ing ar­eas: 1. En­hanc­ing na­tional nu­clear se­cu­rity ca­pa­bil­i­ties. The Chi­nese Gov­ern­ment has in­creased its in­put in nu­clear se­cu­rity, im­proved rel­e­vant reg­u­la­tions and stan­dards sys­tem, and up­graded the level of nu­clear se­cu­rity man­age­ment. The Gov­ern­ment con­ducted com­pre­hen­sive anal­y­sis and in­spec­tion of nu­clear fa­cil­i­ties all over the coun­try, as­sessed the ef­fec­tive­ness of the se­cu­rity sys­tem of op­er­a­tional nu­clear power plants and put for­ward rec­om­men­da­tions for up­grad­ing. Twelve vol­umes of IAEA Nu­clear Se­cu­rity Se­ries were trans­lated into Chi­nese, and are now be­ing ap­plied. Em­pha­sis has been put on hu­man re­sources de­vel­op­ment, and all-di­men­sional train­ing pro­grams and di­ver­si­fied train­ing mod­els have been es­tab­lished. Since April 2010, China has or­ga­nized, in co­op­er­a­tion with the IAEA, the US and other coun­tries, about 20 train­ing cour­ses and sem­i­nars for more than 500 staff in­volved in nu­clear se­cu­rity. 2. Sup­port­ing the im­ple­men­ta­tion of rel­e­vant in­ter­na­tional con­ven­tions and UNSC res­o­lu­tions. China rat­i­fied the 2005 Amend­ment to the Con­ven­tion on the Phys­i­cal Pro­tec­tion ofnu­clear Ma­te­rial in Oc­to­ber 2008, and is for­mu­lat­ing or im­prov­ing sup­port­ing do­mes­tic laws and reg­u­la­tions, in­clud­ing en­act­ing the Reg­u­la­tion on the Su­per­vi­sion and­man­age­ment ofnu­clear Se­cu­rity. China rat­i­fied the In­ter­na­tional Con­ven­tion for the Sup­pres­sion of Acts of Nu­clear Ter­ror­ism in Au­gust 2010. China has strictly im­ple­mented its obli­ga­tions un­der rel­e­vant UNSC res­o­lu­tions, in­clud­ing Res­o­lu­tion 1540 and Res­o­lu­tion 1887. 3. Ad­vanc­ing the es­tab­lish­ment of Cen­ter of Ex­cel­lence on Nu­clear Se­cu­rity (COE). In Jan­uary 2011, China and the US signed the Mem­o­ran­dum of Un­der­stand­ing for Co­op­er­a­tion in Es­tab­lish­ing a Cen­ter of Ex­cel­lence on Nu­clear Se­cu­rity. The de­sign of the COE has been com­pleted and con­struc­tion has al­ready started. In Novem­ber 2011, China es­tab­lished the Na­tional Nu­clear Se­cu­rity Tech­nol­ogy Cen­ter, which is re­spon­si­ble for the con­struc­tion, man­age­ment and op­er­a­tion of the COE. China wel­comes the will­ing­ness expressed by the IAEA, Canada and other coun­tries to par­tic­i­pate in the con­struc­tion of the COE and rel­e­vant con­sul­ta­tions are un­der way. China will ac­tively make use of this COE to pro­vide nu­clear se­cu­rity train­ing to other coun­tries in theasia-pa­cific re­gion. 4. Con­vert­ing HEU re­search re­ac­tors. In Septem­ber 2010, the rel­e­vant

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