The Pres­i­den­tial Elec­tions - 2012 in Rus­sia.

The Diplomatic Insight - - Election - *Ta­tiana Karchenkova, Svet­lana Bar anova

On March the 4th, 2012, Rus­sians have cho­sen the fourth Pres­i­dent of Rus­sia. The ma­jor­ity of Rus­sians voted for the Rus­sian Prime Min­is­ter Vladimir Putin, the head of the party United Rus­sia. More than 45.5 mil­lion peo­ple gave him their voices. Sec­ond place went to Gen­nady Zyuganov, the chair­man of the Com­mu­nist Party. The third place took businessman and in­de­pen­dent can­di­date, Mikhail Prokhorov. On the fourth place was the head of the Lib­eral Demo­cratic Party Vladimir Zhiri­novsky. The last in the list of the can­di­dates for pres­i­dent of Rus­si­awas the head of the partya­just Rus­sia Sergeimironov. In­au­gu­ra­tion of the Pres­i­dent will be held on May the 7th, 2012. Can­di­dates for the pres­i­dency ofrus­sia. Five can­di­dates were of­fi­cially reg­is­tered in the elec­tions of 2012 - four rep­re­sen­ta­tives of reg­is­tered po­lit­i­cal par­ties and one in­de­pen­dent can­di­date. Vladimir Putin, 59, was ini­tially con­sid­ered the fa­vorite in the elec­tion. His can­di­dacy was sup­ported by the rul­ing United Rus­sia party. Thanks to this party Putin got a par­lia­men­tary priv­i­lege that gave him a right to reg­is­ter with­out the sig­na­tures of vot­ers. It should be noted, that in 2008 Putin ac­cepted a nom­i­na­tion to be­come the party's leader, but re­fused to be­come a mem­ber of it. More­over, the party was strongly dis­cred­ited in re­cent years and the Prime Min­is­ter has tried to dis­tance him­self from it by set­ting up the All-rus­sian Peo­ple's Front as his sup­port foun­da­tion. A fa­mous film di­rec­tor Stanislav Govorukhin led his cam­paign. So this time there­was no ex­ten­sive use of "United Rus­sia's bear sym­bol" in cam­paign­ing for Vladimir Putin. Putin's elec­tion pro­gram in­cludes pledges to mod­ern­ize the coun­try and cre­ate 25 mil­lion jobs over the next 20 years. The main op­po­nent of Vladimir Putin was Gen­nady Zyuganov, 67, who is a Rus­sian politi­cian, the First Sec­re­tary of the Com­mu­nist Party of the Rus­sian Fed­er­a­tion and deputy of the State Duma. His main eco­nomic goal is to na­tion­al­ize Rus­sia's nat­u­ral re­sources, de­fence sec­tor and agri­cul­ture which are in cri­sis now. Zyuganov is a veteran of pres­i­den­tial cam­paign­ing, hav­ing stood three times pre­vi­ously. And, on each oc­ca­sion, he was the run­ner-up. At this time he also didn't change the tra­di­tion. Great in­ter­est was aroused by the re­sults of the youngest can­di­date Mikhail Prokhorov, 46, Rus­sian bil­lion­aire and owner of the Onexim Group in­vest­ment fund. Ac­cord­ing to the Forbes rat­ing he is Rus­sia's third rich­est man. Mikhail Prokhorov is the only ap­pli­cant who was suc­cess­fully reg­is­tered as an in­de­pen­dent pres­i­den­tial can­di­date for the 2012 Rus­sian pres­i­den­tial elec­tions. Thus, he had to cre­ate a group of vot­ers in an amount not less than 500 cit­i­zens of the Rus­sian Fed­er­a­tion, as well as to sub­mit to thecen­tral Elec­tion Com­mis­sion at least 2 mil­lion sig­na­tures (it is im­por­tant, that one sub­ject of the Rus­sian Fed­er­a­tion should have no more than 50 000 sig­na­tures). More than 5.7 mil­lion peo­ple voted for the new­comer of the pres­i­den­tial elec­tions, and he took the third place in the pres­i­den­tial race. His main pro­po­nents were young pro­fes­sion­als and the emerg­ing mid­dle class.

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