Ed­i­tor’s Desk

The Diplomatic Insight - - Diplomatic -

The United Nations Con­fer­ence on Sus­tain­able De­vel­op­ment, fondly called as Rio+20 was held in Rio de Janeiro, Brazil, at the eve of 20th an­niver­sary of Rio 92 and 40th since the very first global en­vi­ron­ment gath­er­ing in Stockholm. At the end of the Sum­mit, 53 pages of com­pre­hen­sive doc­u­ment en­ti­tled as “The Fu­tureWeWant. “was re­leased. Two ma­jor themes for the con­fer­ence were green econ­omy in the con­text of sus­tain­able de­vel­op­ment and poverty erad­i­ca­tion and in­sti­tu­tional frame­work for sus­tain­able de­vel­op­ment at the na­tional, re­gional and global lev­els. Pak­istan sent its del­e­ga­tion to this con­fer­ence, which has pre­sented a shared vi­sion to the world on how de­vel­op­ment should take place in the de­vel­op­ing part of the 21st cen­tury. The sum­mit was one of the largest sum­mits ever held on the is­sues of dis­cus­sions since Rio 92 as 140 plus heads of states joined and ne­go­ti­ated to pro­duce some prac­ti­cal re­sults on var­i­ous is­sues the world is fac­ing to­day. Speak­ing at the clo­sure of the Rio Con­fer­ence, United Nations Sec­re­tary-Gen­eral Ban Ki-moon said that the Rio+20 out­come doc­u­ment has es­tab­lished univer­sal sus­tain­able de­vel­op­ment goals to cre­ate a stronger in­ter­na­tional ar­chi­tec­ture to sup­port sus­tain­able de­vel­op­ment. At present the world is fac­ing with gi­gan­tic chal­lenges of hunger, so­cial in­equal­ity, un­em­ploy­ment, cli­mate change and losses in bio­di­ver­sity which needs sur­gi­cal col­lec­tive global ef­fort to im­prove the stan­dard of the liv­ing of the poor of the world. But pres­ence of such a large num­ber of del­e­gates is in it­self a suc­cess and re­flects world's com­mit­ment to make look se­ri­ously into the mat­ter con­cern­ing the world. On the other hand the venue has a sig­nif­i­cant im­pact as the host, Brazil has solid cre­den­tials as a na­tion with the “cut­ting edge of clean and re­new­able en­er­gies and also in­clu­sive eco­nomic growth poli­cies.” Brazil has sig­nif­i­cantly demon­strated that de­vel­op­ment is pos­si­ble in­clu­sive of pro­tect­ing and pre­serv­ing the en­vi­ron­ment. Brazil has also played a key role in the re­cently held United Nations Cli­mate Change Con­fer­ence in Dur­ban, con­tribut­ing to the Con­fer­ence's pos­i­tive out­comes through its lead­er­ship and pro­pos­als. As the sum­mit com­mit­ted all the coun­tries to al­le­vi­ate poverty along with continue pro­tect­ing the world for our fu­ture gen­er­a­tions. The chal­lenge now is to get down work­ing and turn­ing the lengthy doc­u­ments and lofty com­mit­ments into solid and prac­ti­cal steps. Po­lit­i­cal tur­moil at home af­ter the judg­ment of Supreme Court to dis­qual­ify Prime Min­is­ter Gil­lani, barred Pres­i­dent Asif Ali Zar­dari to at­tend In­ter­na­tional Eco­nomic Forum, St. Peters­burg, Rus­sia. Since 1997, The forum is aimed at dis­cussing some of the­most press­ing Eco­nomic is­sues that theworld is faced with to­day and com­ing up with re­spec­tive so­lu­tions to over­come such prob­lems. The Forum is an im­por­tant gath­er­ing where top­ics such as global en­ergy out­look, Eurasian eco­nomic in­te­gra­tion, in­ter­na­tional global en­ergy award, bank­ing in the 21st cen­tury, and in­vest­ment in hu­man cap­i­tal were dis­cussed along with sign­ing of var­i­ous agree­ments on the is­sues. For Pak­istan the forum pro­vides an ex­cel­lent op­por­tu­nity to put for­ward its will for co­op­er­a­tion and col­lab­o­ra­tion with the coun­tries along with re­flect­ing on var­i­ous is­sues of bi­lat­eral na­ture with Rus­sia. Crit­ics have highly val­ued the tur­moil that the in­cum­bent gov­ern­ment has faced re­cently as Prime Min­is­ter Gil­lani was pro­nounced dis­qual­i­fied from tak­ing the higher of­fice of Gov­ern­ment. He was read­ily re­placed with Raja Per­vaizAshraf as Prime Min­ster. It was viewed that since the democ­racy has started to gain its foot in Pak­istan, the sys­tem it­self has some re­cov­ery modes as this was not the case ear­lier. Even af­ter this, the gov­ern­ment re­mains sta­ble and the po­lit­i­cal­wills led to the sus­tain­able democ­racy. In­sti­tu­tions are work­ing and the par­lia­ment is in­tact keep­ing in­tact thewill of the peo­ple. The in­cum­bent gov­ern­ment needs to strug­gle hard in mak­ing the prom­ises it made dur­ing its early years. The need of the hour is that the re­place­ment should work more hard to earn the good will of the peo­ple as the gen­eral pub­lic has lost the trust and de­sire on the gov­ern­ment.

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