Con­sti­tu­tional Power - the main fac­tor for for­ma­tion of Le­gal State

The Diplomatic Insight - - Uzbekistan -

nfor­ma­tion Agency “Ja­hon” - Pres­i­dent Is­lam Ka­ri­mov noted at the cel­e­bra­tory meet­ing ded­i­cated to the 20th An­niver­sary of the adop­tion of the Con­sti­tu­tion that all suc­cesses and mile­stones have been achieved by the coun­try dur­ing the years of in­de­pen­dence and tremen­dous pace of devel­op­ment demon­strate life-giv­ing power and po­ten­tial of our Ba­sic Law, deep rea­son­able­ness em­bod­ied in his prin­ci­ples, rules and norms. The Ba­sic Law - is the main doc­u­ment that hu­man rights and free­doms are en­shrined, giv­ing to him the op­por­tu­nity to de­cide his own des­tiny, nat­u­ral, eco­nomic and in­tel­lec­tual re­sources of the peo­ple. It serves as fac­tor in strength­en­ing peace and in­tereth­nic har­mony, bring­ing peo­ple to­gether in the name of in­de­pen­dence ideas and turn­ing them into ac­tive par­tic­i­pants in demo­cratic re­forms. Role of the Con­sti­tu­tion in the life and achieve­ments of the peo­ple of the Repub­lic is very pre­cious. First, it es­tab­lishes a strate­gic goal - the creation of a hu­mane, demo­cratic, le­gal state, a strong civil society and reg­u­lates so­cial re­la­tions in the way of achiev­ing it. Sec­ond, it is the foun­da­tion of the en­tire leg­isla­tive frame­work aimed to im­ple­ment the Uzbek Model of devel­op­ment. Third, it is de­ter­mines the na­tional state­hood - state sovereignty, democ­racy, the sep­a­ra­tion of pow­ers be­tween the leg­isla­tive, ex­ec­u­tive and ju­di­ciary branches, supremacy of the Con­sti­tu­tion and the law, the ba­sis of the le­gal po­si­tion of the Oliy Ma­jlis (Par­lia­ment), the Pres­i­dent, the Cab­i­net, lo­cal gov­ern­ments, ju­di­ciary and oth­ers. Fourth, it pro­vides a devel­op­ment of an ex­ten­sive net­work of in­sti­tu­tions pop­u­la­tion. Pub­lic life in the coun­try is de­vel­op­ing in terms of di­ver­sity of po­lit­i­cal in­sti­tu­tions, ide­olo­gies and opin­ions. The Con­sti­tu­tion pro­hibits the es­tab­lish­ment of any ide­ol­ogy gov­er­nance. Peo­ple are the sole source of the state power. It con­sists of Uzbek cit­i­zens re­gard­less of their eth­nic­ity, lan­guage, re­li­gion and be­liefs. Equal demo­cratic rights and free­doms are guar­an­teed to all. Pub­lic ad­min­is­tra­tion is car­ried out in the in­ter­ests of the peo­ple by only bod­ies au­tho­rized the Ba­sic Law. The Con­sti­tu­tion es­tab­lished a solid foun­da­tion, on the one hand, for the im­ple­men­ta­tion of all de­ci­sions taken dur­ing the years of for­ma­tion and devel­op­ment of mod­ern Uzbek­istan, and on the other - in the long term. It serves as a le­gal ba­sis for the new sys­tem of eco­nomic man­age­ment. Pri­vate prop­erty, along with other forms of prop­erty is in­vi­o­lable and pro­tected by the state. The Ba­sic Law also or­dered to the state to guar­an­tee the free­dom of eco­nomic ac­tiv­ity and en­trepreneur­ship. Its pro­vi­sions and prin­ci­ples were de­vel­oped by laws gov­ern­ing mar­ket re­la­tions. On the ba­sis of the Con­sti­tu­tion im­ple­mented a com­plex of or­ga­ni­za­tional and le­gal mea­sures aimed con­sis­tent strength­en­ing of the ju­di­ciary, en­sur­ing the in­de­pen­dence and au­ton­omy of the court, turn­ing it into a truly in­de­pen­dent state in­sti­tu­tion re­li­ably pro­tect­ing hu­man rights and free­doms . Speak­ing about the place of the Con­sti­tu­tion in large-scale re­forms, spe­cial at­ten­tion should be paid to the need of its im­prove­ment. As Pres­i­dent of Uzbek­istan Is­lam Ka­ri­mov stated that the life does not stand in one place, it is in con­stant devel­op­ment process and poses new and new tasks. For im­ple­men­ta­tion of the Ba­sic Law was made some changes. They fo­cused on the con­sis­tent im­ple­men­ta­tion of the con­sti­tu­tional prin­ci­ple of sep­a­ra­tion of pow­ers be­tween the leg­isla­tive, ex­ec­u­tive and ju­di­cial pow­ers, the creation of an ef­fec­tive mech­a­nism of checks and bal­ances among them to strengthen the pow­ers and su­per­vi­sory func­tions of the leg­isla­tive and rep­re­sen­ta­tive govern­ment bod­ies in the cen­ter and lo­cal places and a im­ple­men­ta­tion of mea­sures of lib­eral, au­ton­omy and in­de­pen­dence of the ju­di­ciary sys­tem. For ex­am­ple, for the im­ple­men­ta­tion of the Con­cept of fur­ther deep­en­ing demo­cratic re­forms and for­ma­tion of civil society in cer­tain ar­ti­cles of the Con­sti­tu­tion (Ar­ti­cle 78, 80, 93, 96 and the Prime Min­is­ter, which aims to en­hance the role of po­lit­i­cal par­ties in the govern­ment, an in­sti­tu­tion of distrust to the Prime Min­is­ter. Cham­bers of Par­lia­ment have the right to hear and dis­cuss re­ports of the Prime Min­is­ter on top­i­cal is­sues of so­cioe­co­nomic devel­op­ment. The Se­nate is em­pow­ered to ap­prove pres­i­den­tial de­crees on the ap­point­ment and dis­missal of the Chair­man of the Ac­count­ing Cham­ber and oth­ers. All changes and amend­ments to the Con­sti­tu­tion are deeply demo­cratic devel­op­ment of our society. They are log­i­cal,

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