H.E. Mr. Ab­delaziz Boute­flika, Pres­i­dent of Al­ge­ria

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To­day, the Al­ge­rian and free­dom-loving na­tions through­out the globe cel­e­brate the 60th an­niver­sary of the in­cep­tion of the glo­ri­ous 1st Novem­ber, 1954. The revo­lu­tion re­stored the dig­nity of the Al­ge­rian peo­ple who suf­fered un­told sup­pres­sion, ex­ploita­tion, hu­mil­i­a­tion and tyranny. No na­tion in the world has suf­fered more than the Al­ge­rian peo­ple on the hand of the de­spised Euro­pean colo­nial­ist who usurped the land, sup­pressed the dig­nity and erased the Al­ge­rian na­tional iden­tity in a cam­paign of tyranny that ex­tended to other na­tions, mak­ing them to suf­fer for long years after its exit. Even after 60 long years, the Al­ge­rian peo­ple would never for­get the colo­nial­ists who burnt peo­ple, stones and trees and erad­i­cated huge farms that con­tinue to be bar­ren even to­day. The peo­ple still re­mem­ber with great pain the black events dur­ing seven and half years of bru­tal war that was led by a lead­ing We, the Al­ge­rian peo­ple cel­e­brate, like any other na­tion, eter­nal na­tional strug­gles in de­fence of the holy land with the blood of our peo­ple. Th­ese vic­to­ries would re­main in the mem­ory and the hearts of our peo­ple. They are made by he­roes who fully com­mit­ted to erad­i­cate the colo­nial­ists their lives and shed their blood so that we would en­joy free­dom and in­de­pen­dence. They are in­deed the martyrs as per the Qu­ranic verse, “But do not think of those that have been slain in God’s cause as dead. Nay, they are alive! With their Sus­tainer have they their sus­te­nance, ex­alt­ing in that (mar­tyr­dom) which God has be­stowed upon them out of His bounty. And they re­joice in their tid­ing given to those( of their brethren) who have been left be­hind and not yet joined them, that no fear need they have, and nei­ther shall they grieve: they re­joice in their tid­ing of God’s bless­ings and bounty, and (in the prom­ise) that God will not fail to re­quite the be­liev­ers.” – Al-Im­ran: 169-171. Hav­ing full con­vic­tion that the martyrs oc­cupy the high­est level of el­e­va­tion and that they con­trib­uted a great deal in the strug­gle for in­de­pen­dence, I write here from Pak­istan and for the sixth time to re­vive this blessed and unique an­niver­sary that is so spe­cial to the Al­ge­rian peo­ple and other na­tions due to their con­tri­bu­tion to pre­serve the hu­man dig­nity and the val­ues of free­dom, peace, se­cu­rity, jus­tice and equal­ity. It is the 60th an­niver­sary of the in­cep­tion of the Al­ge­rian revo­lu­tion on 1st Novem­ber, 1954. On this date, the Al­ge­rian peo­ple de­cided to change their des­tiny and erase a black page of their his­tory. They de­cided to pur­sue the course of foil­ing the colo­nial pol­icy of sup­pres­sion and tyranny through armed strug­gle to lib­er­ate their holy lands from the French im­pe­ri­al­ist and its of­fered by our fore-fa­thers who fought hard to re­gain our usurped rights and to lib­er­ated the holy land of Al­ge­ria from de­spi­ca­ble French im­pe­ri­al­ism and to im­prove the liv­ing con­di­tions of the cit­i­zens. There­fore, it is oblig­a­tory to shed light on that pe­riod of the Al­ge­rian his­tory and to high­light the hor­ri­ble crimes of the French im­pe­ri­al­ists and their agents and mer­ce­nar­ies sup­ported by forces of North At­lantic Al­liance against our stead­fast Al­ge­rian peo­ple. Cel­e­brat­ing 1st Novem­ber revo­lu­tion ev­ery year is an at­tempt to re­mind our na­tion of the tremen­dous heroic and peo­ple’s re­sis­tance, which pre­pared the ground for the Ji­had of the lib­er­a­tion revo­lu­tion. It was a long strug­gle

that cul­mi­nated in the lib­er­a­tion. It is a re­minder that no peo­ple can have any pres­tige and re­spect if they ig­nore the sym­bols of their strug­gle and move for­ward for en­joy­ing the mun­dane life. We de­rive from the 1st Novem­ber revo­lu­tion lessons honor­ably and died hero­ically for the sake of their na­tion. No power on earth could de­ter those martyrs from their course to lib­er­ate their na­tion. Their strug­gle was re­lent­less. They lived with a pride and never bowed be­fore the en­e­mies and the temp­ta­tion of life as many are do­ing to­day after achiev­ing in­de­pen­dence and the lib­er­a­tion. The 1st Novem­ber revo­lu­tion will re­main eter­nal for Al­ge­ria and its his­tory through all ages; re­mind­ing the French colo­nial­ists of their losses at the hand of the martyrs. It will also re­mind the next gen­er­a­tions of the heinous crimes com­mit­ted by Gen. Charles de Gaulle and his ruth­less army. Sim­i­larly, 18th Fe­bru­ary will re­main a na­tional sym­bol to eter­nally honor the martyrs of Al­ge­ria and how they re­sisted the French colo­nial­ists and their mas­sacres against peace­ful and un­armed peo­ple, com­mit­ting hor­ren­dous crimes and geno­cide against hu­man­ity and violating all in­ter­na­tional norms. The French colo­nial­ists were re­sisted and kicked out of Al­ge­ria but their signs con­tinue to be wit­nessed even and Western bor­ders. Dur­ing the years over 7000 in­no­cent civil­ians died be­cause of th­ese mines. Ad­di­tion­ally, th­ese mines caused in­juries to thou­sands of peo­ple who lost their legs and arms. The French buried over 11 mil­lion mines on the East­ern and Western bor­ders of Al­ge­ria, which were ex­tended on a stretch of land of about 1710 km. So far, the Al­ge­rian Army has been able to re­move 8 mil­lion mines. How­ever, other 3 mil­lion mines con­tinue to be buried even to­day and a source of threat to the in­no­cent peo­ple. Ev­i­dently, the his­tory of the Al­ge­rian revo­lu­tion is full of out­stand­ing events and he­roes. This revo­lu­tion was led by Al­ge­rian peo­ple to achieve in­de­pen­dence es­pe­cially when the colo­nial­ists em­ployed all sort of crimes and atroc­i­ties and geno­cide to sup­press this revo­lu­tion. The colo­nial­ists even dumped nu­clear wastes in Al­ge­ria to bar­ren the lands. They fol­lowed a sav­age pol­icy to spread poverty and ig­no­rance among the peo­ple. They fol­lowed the pol­icy of force­fully evict­ing the peo­ple from their vil­lages and ci­ties. They cre­ated spe­cial re­gions and banned the Al­ge­ri­ans from liv­ing in them. It is in or­der to men­tion the events pre­vail­ing in Al­ge­ria be­fore the erup­tion of the revo­lu­tion. The 8th May 1945 mas­sacre: On 8th May, there was an at­mos­phere of joy on the oc­ca­sion of the vic­tory of al­lies against Nazism. How­ever, on this day, the Al­ge­rian peo­ple were fac­ing geno­cide. On 1st May, the Al­ge­rian peo­ple started peace­ful pro­ces­sions on the oc­ca­sion of the In­ter­na­tional La­bor Day. They de­manded their na­tional rights and raised the slo­gans of re­leas­ing pris­on­ers and called for the in­de­pen­dence of Al­ge­ria. Tens of thou­sands of Al­ge­ri­ans par­tic­i­pated in th­ese pro­ces­sions, which were held in all ma­jor Al­ge­rian ci­ties. How­ever, the colo­nial­ist au­tho­rizes used bru­tal meth­ods against th­ese peace­ful May about 500 peo­ple held a pro­ces­sion in the city of Annaba on the oc­ca­sion of the fall of Berlin on the hands of the Al­lies. Sim­i­lar pro­ces­sions were held on 4th May in Qalma and in Setif on May 7. How­ever, the colo­nial­ists started a con­spir­acy to si­lence the Al­ge­rian civil so­ci­ety. On May, 8, 1945 and dur­ing Black Tues­day the mas­sacre started to si­lence the de­mand of in­de­pen­dence. In that mas­sacre over 45000-100,000 un­armed civil­ians were killed in cold blood. For­eign sources put the num­ber of peo­ple killed in the mas­sacre be­tween 50000-70000. This is in ad­di­tion to over 200,000 peo­ple killed and wounded dur­ing the World War II. Ac­cord­ing to Al-Basaer news­pa­per, which rep­re­sented Jamiat Ul Ulema al-Mus­limeen, over 85000 were killed. The French au­thor Ms Fran­cis Dasani wrote in his book the peace for the Amer­i­can Am­bas­sador to Egypt Mr. Pinkney Tuck told the Sec­re­tary Gen­eral of the Arab League Az­zam Pasha, that the French colo­nial­ists killed over 45000 pro­tes­tors on May, 8 1945, which an­noyed Gen. de Gaulle who claimed that the mas­sacre was “an in­ter­nal mat­ter.” This mas­sacre con­vinced the Al­ge­rian peo­ple that the French colo­nial­ists did not be­lieve in the lan­guage of di­a­logue and ne­go­ti­a­tion and that what­ever was taken by force can­not be re­gained ex­cept by force. They started pre­par­ing them­selves for the in­evitable armed strug­gle. The May 8th mas­sacre was a turn­ing point in the na­tional move­ment that pre­pared the ground for the in­cep­tion of the 1st Novem­ber 1954 revo­lu­tion against the French colo­nial­ists who oc­cu­pied Al­ge­ria since 1830. The revo­lu­tion fought valiantly the French colo­nial­ists for seven and half years un­til achiev­ing in­de­pen­dence on 5th July, 1962. Dur­ing the revo­lu­tion, the Al­ge­rian peo­ple lost 1.5 mil­lion martyrs. In the Arab world, when­ever Al­ge­ria is men­tioned, it is called the land of 1.5 mil­lion martyrs. Of all the coun­tries that achieved in­de­pen­dence fairly soon after World War II pe­riod, Al­ge­ria stands out as a tragic ex­hibit of the bru­tal­ity of colo­nial rule. Even an ex­hausted France was un­will­ing to re­lin­quish its hold on its colonies. France was even more adamant in hold­ing onto Al­ge­ria. The en­su­ing War of In­de­pen­dence was one of the blood­i­est

strug­gles of the 20th cen­tury. Over two mil­lion in a to­tal pop­u­la­tion of ten mil­lion were forced out of their homes and put in con­cen­tra­tion camps. The war was char­ac­ter­ized by tor­ture bru­tal­ity and geno­cide against the Al­ge­rian peo­ple. In a long and pro­tracted test of wills, the French and bru­tal­ity against the re­sis­tance. The land­mark achieve­ment of the Al­ge­rian revo­lu­tion left its marks on all Arab coun­tries, which looked to the Al­ge­rian revo­lu­tion as a model to be em­u­lated in their strug­gle for in­de­pen­dence. The bat­tle of Al­giers re­con­structs the events that oc­curred in the cap­i­tal city be­tween Novem­ber 1954 and De­cem­ber 1957, dur­ing the Al­ge­rian war of in­de­pen­dence. In April 1954, larbi Ben M’hidi is one of the nine founders of the Rev­o­lu­tion­ary Com­mit­tee of Unity and ac­tion and de­cide on 1 Novem­ber 1954 as the date for start­ing the armed strug­gle for Al­ge­rian in­de­pen­dence. He was given the lead­er­ship of Oran in 1956. The Bat­tle of Al­giers and death ap­pointed head of the Al­giers Au­ton­o­mous Zone; he par­tic­i­pated in the or­ga­ni­za­tion of 30, 1956). In Jan­uary, the Gov­er­nor Gen­eral Robert La­coste launches the Bat­tle of Al­giers. Larbi Ben M’hidi was ar­rested Fe­bru­ary 23, 1957 by para­troop­ers ; re­fus­ing to talk un­der tor­ture, he was killed by a group of French sol­diers un­der Gen­eral Paul Aus­sa­resses , on the night of 3 to 4 March 1957.

He was a brave and coura­geous man.

He said: you are the past, we are the fu­ture. The French pol­icy in Al­ge­ria: The French pol­icy in Al­ge­ria had made deep wounds in the build­ing of Al­ge­rian so­ci­ety. France stopped the growth of the civil so­ci­ety for 132 years. It at­tempted to wipe the Al­ge­rian Arab and Mus­lim na­tional iden­tity by erad­i­cat­ing the moral and ma­te­rial ba­sis on which this so­ci­ety is based. It tar­geted its tribal and fam­ily unity. It started Christian mis­sion­ary to erad­i­cate Al­ge­rian Is­lamic faith by re­viv­ing the Ro­man African Church rais­ing the slo­gans that “Arabs would not obey France ex­cept when they be­came French and that they could not be­come French ex­cept they em­braced Chris­tian­ity.” Thus, the French pol­icy re­lied on cre­at­ing en­mity to the Arabs and Is­lam. It at­tempted to erase Ara­bic lan­guage and sup­press Ara­bic and Is­lamic cul­ture. It re­sorted to clos­ing schools and In­sti­tutes and or­dained with the start of the 20th cen­tury to ban teach­ing Ara­bic lan­guage on the pre­text that it is a for­eign lan­guage. It did not per­mit any Al­ge­rian to learn Ara­bic lan­guage ex­cept after tak­ing a per­mit in ex­cep­tional cases. On the other hand it pro­moted the French lan­guage and made it es­sen­tial for em­ploy­ment and pro­mo­tion. The French pro­moted spread­ing col­lo­quial lan­guages on the ex­pense of the stan­dard Ara­bic lan­guage. They con­sid­ered stan­dard Ara­bic lan­guage as a “dead lan­guage” in Al­ge­ria. They cre­ated a rift be­tween the Ara­bic and Amazigh (Ber­ber lan­guage) claim­ing that Amazigh was or an Euro­pean ori­gin. They fol­lowed a large scale pol­icy to con­vert the Mus­lims into Chris­tians es­pe­cially in tribal ar­eas. They es­tab­lished a large num­ber of Christian mis­sion­ary schools and churches, which were in­volved in so­cial wel­fare schemes. Ac­cord­ing to the French statis­tics in Al­ge­ria, there was one Christian school for ev­ery 2100 child in the tribal re­gion. They at­tempted to sep­a­rate peo­ple from each other by es­tab­lish­ing sep­a­rate re­gions and ban­ning any con­tacts with them so that they would not in­te­grate to­gether. But the tribal peo­ple re­sisted this pol­icy The en­tire Al­ge­rian peo­ple with­out any ex­cep­tion did not ac­cept the French pol­icy, which made France to claim that the Al­ge­rian peo­ple were liv­ing on the mar­gins of his­tory. The Al­ge­rian peo­ple re­sisted the French sec­tar­ian pol­icy by rais­ing the slo­gan” Is­lam is our re­li­gion, Ara­bic is our lan­guage and Al­ge­ria is our coun­try.” This was de­clared by the re­li­gious scholar and Mu­jahid Ab­dul Hamid bin Badis. Sub­se­quently, the Al­ge­rian re­form­ers sought – in the be­gin­ning- to strengthen the re­li­gious teach­ing to be­come the strong base for fu­ture Ji­had with­out ig­nor­ing the po­lit­i­cal strug­gle. In 1931 Al­ge­rian Mus­lim Ulema so­ci­ety was es­tab­lished by bin Badis. The so­ci­ety es­tab­lished schools to teach young Al­ge­ri­ans. Bin Badis also op­posed the pol­icy of opt­ing for French na­tion­al­ity and con­sid­ered it an at­tempt to sup­press the Arab and Mus­lim iden­tity of the Al­ge­ri­ans. He de­manded in­stead teach­ing Ara­bic lan­guage and Is­lamic re­li­gion. This has helped in pre­par­ing de­pend­able Mus­lim gen­er­a­tion. On the po­lit­i­cal level, Al­ge­ri­ans started re­sis­tance through po­lit­i­cal or­ga­ni­za­tions. This has helped in form­ing many or­ga­ni­za­tions like The Move­ment of Sup­port­ers of Qu­ran and Free­dom, Com­mu­nist Party, Al­ge­rian Mus­lim Ulema so­ci­ety, Star of north Africa Party, which was later changed into Al­ge­rian Peo­ple’s Party and to Move­ment of the vic­tory of Lib­er­ties and to The Rev­o­lu­tion­ary Com­mit­tee for Unity and to Lib­er­a­tion Front with a mil­i­tary wing called Al­ge­rian Lib­er­a­tion Army.The main ob­jec­tive of the Na­tional Lib­er­a­tion Front (FLN) was to con­tact all po­lit­i­cal par­ties and urg­ing them to join the revo­lu­tion and to re­cruit vol­un­teers for the lib­er­a­tion bat­tle. The Al­ge­rian peo­ple have al­ways achieved what they willed through­out ages. They de­rive their strength from Almighty God since they achieved the high­est level of el­e­va­tion by re­li­gion, val­ues and hu­man dig­nity. Also, it is gen­er­ally per­ceived by all civ­i­lized na­tions that the will of God sup­ports the col­lec­tive will of the peo­ple. The Al­ge­rian

peo­ple regis­tered through their revo­lu­tion, martyrs high achieve­ments as high as the moun­tains of Auras, djur­d­jura, and Wincheris. To­day, we cel­e­brate the 60th an­niver­sary of the gi­gan­tic Al­ge­rian revo­lu­tion with a com­mit­ment of pro­tect­ing it with our lives and blood. There­fore, the 1st Novem­ber revo­lu­tion will re­main an eter­nal and liv­ing sym­bol for Al­ge­ria and its hon­or­able his­tory through­out the ages. It is an eter­nal theme that can­not be erased from the mem­ory of ris­ing gen­er­a­tions. It will re­main a liv­ing and en­graved sym­bol. Sim­i­larly, the Al­ge­rian martyrs will re­main a con­stant pain for colo­nial­ist France and its agents; re­mind­ing youth and gen­er­a­tion after another the crimes and atroc­i­ties that were com­mit­ted against the Al­ge­rian peo­ple by Gen. de Gaulle and his hang­men and thugs among the French gen­er­als like bugeaud, bigeard, and La­coste and many oth­ers. The 1st Novem­ber revo­lu­tion will re­main an eter­nal day that re­minds the com­ing gen­er­a­tions, the Mu­jahideen and Al­ge­rian peo­ple of the paths of chaalle and Morice and the mas­sacres of guelma, Kher­rata and Setif, and the pol­icy of burn­ing the lands com­mit­ted by the de Gaulle Nazis. This is in ad­di­tion to the other mas­sacres com­mit­ted by the mer­ce­nar­ies and agents that are a mat­ter of shame for the hu­man­ity and all in­ter­na­tional norms that are afore­men­tioned. There­fore, the his­tory of the revo­lu­tion should be re­mem­bered. The fu­ture gen­er­a­tions should also be ed­u­cated about the atroc­i­ties com­mit­ted by France dur­ing the revo­lu­tion be­cause the past events are a learn­ing fo­rum and a reser­voir for build­ing the fu­ture. No na­tion can af­ford to ig­nore their his­tory and past. Hence, we would like to em­pha­size the fact that the 1st of Novem­ber ap­pears ev­ery year like the cres­cent of holy month of Ra­madan to re­mind the gen­er­a­tions of this glo­ri­ous event and its val­ues that graves of the martyrs and recit­ing holy Qu­ran on their blessed de­parted souls. It in­spires lessons and wis­dom and the causes of the cen­tre of power. It stim­u­lates re­nais­sance from the young peo­ple who be­lieved in God, the coun­try hu­mil­i­a­tion, dis­grace and in­sult. They re­volted and ex­ploded against the colo­nial­ists like the ex­plo­sion of a vol­cano against dis­grace, the French de­struc­tion and its al­lies of agents, mer­ce­nar­ies and traitors. The en­tire na­tion fol­lowed them in their strug­gle of over seven and half years con­sid­er­ing them alive and en­joy­ing sus­te­nance from their Lord. The strug­gle con­tin­ued un­til the Al­ge­rian Repub­lic achieved a de­ci­sive vic­tory. It was on the 5th July, 1962 that Al­ge­ria re­gained na­tional sovereignty that was usurped in 1830. Hence, it is oblig­a­tory to ev­ery­one who wants to know Al­ge­ria should pass through the gate of 1st Novem­ber. It is the right and cor­rect en­trance to pen­e­trate deep into the Al­ge­rian civ­i­liza­tion, his­tory and the present. In­deed, it is the only key to un­der­stand the Al­ge­ri­ans to­day and to com­pre­hend the Al­ge­rian mind­set, the wis­dom of its old peo­ple and the as­pi­ra­tion and ro­bust­ness of its rev­o­lu­tion­ary youth, who are full of vi­tal­ity and ac­tiv­ity. This is the key of Novem­ber 1954 that it re­mains alone ca­pa­ble of Al­ge­rian na­tion­als. In fact Al­ge­ria and Novem­ber are two names for one en­tity. It is Al­ge­ria that cre­ated Novem­ber. And it is Novem­ber that turned around his­tory; bring­ing back Al­ge­ria into ex­is­tence, in­de­pen­dence and free­dom. How­ever, dur­ing this quick over­view, we would like to reg­is­ter the achieve­ments and suc­cesses achieved after in­de­pen­dence. The in­de­pen­dence has brought us close to trade de­vel­op­ment. Now, there are mil­lions of stu­dents in Al­ge­ria. The coun­try has re­built its in­fra­struc­ture, hos­pi­tals, fac­to­ries, dams, univer­si­ties, road net­works, rail­ways and farms and trade cen­ters. There is to­day marked im­prove­ment in so­cial, health, ed­u­ca­tional, con­struc­tion and cul­tural growth and is work­ing hard to join the de­vel­oped states. For, Al­ge­ria pos­sesses the skills and com­pe­tent man­power and wealth that make her in ad­vanced stage along with the civ­i­lized na­tions. Con­clud­ing, I would like to com­mend the ex­ist­ing broth­erly re­la­tions be­tween the broth­erly coun­tries Al­ge­ria and Pak­istan. They have al­ways re­mained to be ex­cep­tional. They are based on mu­tual re­spect. As an am­bas­sador of my coun­try, I would like to strongly ap­pre­ci­ate the gen­er­ous support that ex­tended by Pak­istan to Al­ge­ria. Pak­istan gov­ern­ment of the Repub­lic of Al­ge­ria im­me­di­ately after its in­cep­tion on 19th Septem­ber, 1958. The gov­ern­ment and peo­ple of Pak­istan sup­ported the free­dom strug­gle of Al­ge­ria dur­ing its vic­to­ri­ous lib­er­a­tion war against the de­spi­ca­ble French im­pe­ri­al­ism. There­fore, Al­ge­ria can never for­get those hon­or­able stances of our Pak­istani brothers. I ex­tend con­grat­u­la­tion to Al­ge­ria and its proud peo­ple on the 60th and the 52nd an­niver­sary of in­de­pen­dence. Long live the eter­nal an­niver­sary of the revo­lu­tion that achieved free­dom and in­de­pen­dence. May Almighty God, give glory to the revo­lu­tion, eter­nity to the brave martyrs, rest their souls in peace and glory to the na­tion. Long live Al­ge­ria.

Long live Al­ge­ria-Pak­istan re­la­tions.

Al­ge­ria - Pak­istan Zind­abad

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