Ed­i­tor’s Note

The Diplomatic Insight - - Special Supplement On Algeria -

Al­ge­ria is one of the most fas­ci­nat­ing coun­tries of North Africa. It is a coun­try with ma­jes­tic moun­tains and beam­ing coun­try­men hav­ing zest for mak­ing their na­tion one of the great­est states of the African con­ti­nent and the world. To­day’s Al­ge­ria is a coun­try rooted in tra­di­tions and fer­vent of moder­nity. Hav­ing a glo­ri­ous his­tor­i­cal past and a pros­per­ous fu­ture, Al­ge­ria and peo­ple of Al­ge­ria are cel­e­brat­ing their 60th An­niver­sary of armed strug­gle against the op­pres­sion of the French colo­nial rule ev­ery year in Novem­ber. Go­ing through the his­tory pages, one com­pre­hends that Al­ge­ria was once an in­de­pen­dent state dur­ing the Ot­toman Em­pire up un­til 1830, and even re­pelled ef­forts by Amer­ica, Dutch and Bri­tish to col­o­nize the state. How­ever, in 1834, Al­ge­ria be­came French colony. French­men made all pos­si­ble ef­forts to op­press the peo­ple of the land through per­mit­ting only French cit­i­zens to hold peo­ple of the land. Al­ge­ri­ans were also be­ing sys­tem­at­i­cal re­duced to the low­est ebb of their eco­nomic con­di­tions. Even the tra­di­tional land own­er­ship were dis­man­tled by the French set­tlers thus thus mak­ing the so­ci­ety more op­pressed along racial, eco­nomic, po­lit­i­cal and cul­tural lines. The re­la­tion­ship be­tween the Al­ge­ri­ans and French thus grew more re­strained and turned vi­o­lent after the regimes of that time tighten its grip over the lo­cals. The war broke out in 1954 and French gov­ern­ment called 400,000 troops, and a se­ries of atroc­i­ties be­gan, with the French sol­diers mas­sacring whole vil­lages of na­tives, and the FLN re­sources to com­bat the op­pres­sors hav­ing all the re­sources to sub­ju­gate. At least 100,000 French sol­diers and civil­ians were killed, and ap­prox­i­mately one and half mil­lion Al­ge­rian na­tives and guer­ril­las were dead. In ad­di­tion, the war up­rooted one and half mil­lion Al­ge­ri­ans be­com­ing war refugees in neigh­bor­ing coun­tries. The war later ended in 1962 with glo­ri­ous vic­tory led by Na­tional Lib­er­a­tion Front(FLN) and Al­ge­ria be­came in­de­pen­dent. In at tremen­dous cost of the glo­ri­ous tri­umph of the martyrs when the land new era of hope and pros­per­ity be­gan which lasted till this day. The Al­ge­rian peo­ple fought hero­ically against the French colo­nial­ism. The Al­ge­rian vic­tory of the revo­lu­tion, gained sense of iden­tity, na­tion­hood and cul­ture thus lead the na­tion to the new phase of de­vel­op­ment, trans­for­ma­tion and growth. To­day, the na­tion un­der the great, in­spir­ing and vi­sion­ary lead­er­ship of His Ex­cel­lency the Pres­i­dent of the are look­ing to­wards the fu­ture with prospects and are ready to face all the chal­lenges ahead. The sons of the soil, great Al­ge­rian na­tion have learned the les­son of de­ter­mi­na­tion from their an­ces­tors who had strug­gled hard and eyes on the fu­ture is the mo­ti­va­tional spirit of to­day’s young Al­ge­ri­ans. They are tak­ing all steps to com­pete with other na­tions. World is wit­nessed to this fact that even after pass­ing of the 52 years of In­de­pen­dence, peo­ple of the coun­try has worked re­lent­lessly to achieve fur­ther the gains in all the ar­eas of so­cio-eco­nomic and po­lit­i­cal en­light­en­ment and en­gage­ment thus achiev­ing the glo­ri­ous mile­stones. Pak­istan and peo­ple of Pak­istan pay rich trib­ute to the martyrs of the revo­lu­tion be­gan in Novem­ber 1954 in or­der to re­store sovereignty on its sa­cred Arab and Mus­lim soil. Pak­istan and Al­ge­ria en­joy deep rooted cor­dial re­la­tions since the time of in­cep­tion of diplo­matic re­la­tions decades ago. Al­ge­ria pro­vides all sorts of op­por­tu­ni­ties for Pak­istani stu­dents, busi­ness­men and oth­ers to come and ex­plore the pos­si­bil­i­ties of achiev­ing the goals of pros­per­ity. It is ac­tu­ally the will of peo­ple and peo­ple to peo­ple con­tacts that would ac­tu­ally de­ter­mine the path of re­la­tion­ship other than eco­nomic co­op­er­a­tion and diplo­matic con­nec­tions be­tween the coun­tries.

Pak­istan-Al­ge­ria Dosti Zind­abad

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