Kazakhstan in the period of the Great Patriotic War of 1941-1945
Mr. Bakhitbek Shabarbayev
K azakhstan citizens were engaged in battles on the minutes of the Great Patriotic War and were among those who stormed the Reichstag in Berlin. regiments and battalions of various types of troops were formed in Kazakhstan. It also supplied food and ammunition. Kazakhstan citizens fought for Liyepayu, Peremyshl, the island of Saaremaa, Murmansk, Odessa and Sevastopol. Among others, the Brest fortress was protected by frontier guards K.Abrakhmanov, V.Lobanov, shooter K.Imankulov, machine-gunner E.Kachanov, V.Fursov, artillerist G. Zhumatov and other Kazakhstan citizens. For the act of bravery in the Great Patriotic War, over 11600 people were awarded as Heroes of the Soviet Union, including 528 Kazakhstan citizens. The commander of the 19th tank division, major general K.A.Semenchenko was a Hero of the Soviet Union on July 22, 1941. Twice Hero of the Soviet Union were: pilot T.Y.Begeldinov, Especially famous Heroes of the Soviet were: machinegunner M.Zh.Mametova, sniper A.N.Moldagulova, shooters S.Baymagambetov, S.Mutkenov, I.K.Novikova, M.M.Katayev, mine clearance specialist P.I.Gonchara, commander of the torpedo boat B.P.Usheva, as well as B.Momyshuly posthumously awarded with the title of Hero of the Soviet Union. was among solders that raised the Soviet Flag over the Reichstag in Berlin, on April 30, 1945. The price of the victory in the Great Patriotic War was a huge amount of victims. The USSR lost over 27 million people, where 410 thousand were Kazakhstan citizens. In total, 1,2 millions Kazakhstan citizens participated in this War. Every year Kazakhstan holds commemorative events in honor of the victory in the Great Patriotic War. Special attention during these holidays is given to veterans. and die on the front lines of this War. In respect to these victims lessons from history shall never be forgotten.