Contribution of Tajikistan in Victory in Great Patriotic War
Mr. Sherali S. Jononov
O n 22 June 1941, Nazi Germany attacked the Soviet Union. This news has stirred up the Soviet people, and as one came to the defense of their homeland. Tajikistan sent to the front about 300 thousand of their sons and daughters who fought valiantly for Moscow and Leningrad, Stalingrad, Kursk, Minsk and Kiev as well as the liberation of Europe. The population of the republic in those years was about half a million people, then went to the front more than 20% of all its inhabitants or almost the entire adult male population, but what is very important - in the military of the country there were numerous applications for voluntary enlistment in the army. In October 1941 in Tajikistan was formed and sent to the front 20 Mountain Cavalierly Division, soon taking part in the battles of Moscow. Thousands of Tajiks got a baptism distinguished themselves in the battles of Moscow, were awarded government awards. In parts of the Soviet army on various fronts heroically fought messengers of Tajikistan. Warriors-Tajiks participated in the heroic defense of Leningrad, the Caucasus mountains and in the battles of Kursk and Dnieper. Many of our countrymen, for the shown courage and heroism was awarded the high title of Hero of the Soviet Union. Heroes like N. Karabayev, H. Kenjaev, I. Hamzayev, D. Azizov, U., Yakubov, B. Davlatov, K. Kasymov, S. Turdiev, T. Idigital, F. Akhmedov, I. Sharipov, S. Amirshoev, M. Vladimirov, C. Urazov, E. Saidov and many others were born and grew up on Tajik soil. In the battles against the Nazi invaders took part and our woman. As men, they showed unprecedented courage and heroism on the fronts as snipers, radio operators, gunners, machine gunners, nurses. The pilot was Muhammadjanova, Inom Kurbanova, Saodat Aliboeva, Jannat Rakhimova, Tuhfa Hamsarieva, Saodat Sanginova, patriots of their homeland, the brave women born in the land of Tajikistan. During the years of the Great Patriotic War, more than 50 thousand citizens of Tajikistan were awarded orders and medals,
57 of them became Heroes of the Soviet Union, 19 - knights of the Order of Glory of three degrees.
In late 1941, the Republic launched the formation of the 98th separate, 99th infantry and 104th cavalry brigades. Later on the territory of Tajikistan was formed and sent to the front some more joints and parts - 61st cavalry division, 31st independent Tajik battalion of machine gunners and others. Military schools evacuated in Stalinabad from Western cities of the country - Kharkov aviation technical school, the local military school for aircraft mechanics, the country’s forge military personnel, their supplies. Thousands of young people went to the front, prepared by specialists of the military art, and many such military training helped save not only their lives but also the lives of those for whom they were responsible, serving in the rank of commanders. distinguished himself by his heroism and courage in the