Edi­tor’s Note

The Diplomatic Insight - - News -

T his year t h e Rus­sian Fed­er­a­tion is cel­e­brat­ing 70th An­niver­sary of the end of the Great Pa­tri­otic War, known in his­to­ries as Victory Day or 9 May. The ti­tle “Great Pa­tri­otic War” comes from the ad­dress that Joseph Stalin made to his peo­ple in July 1941 to call upon the Ger­mans. In the West this war is gen­er­ally known as “Eastern Front of World War II”. The day has been cel­e­brated with na­tional ethos and fes­tiv­ity to com­mem­o­rate the pa­tri­o­tism of the mil­lions of Soviet sol­diers dur­ing the battle with Nazi Ger­many, which lasted from Ger­man in­va­sion of USSR on June 22, 1941 un­til Ger­many signed its un­con­di­tional sur­ren­der on May 9, 1945. This year, spe­cial in­vi­ta­tions have also been sent to Heads of States of var­i­ous coun­tries to par­tic­i­pate in the fes­tiv­i­ties ar­ranged in Moscow. While glanc­ing through the his­tory pages one can ob­server that peo­ple of Soviet Union faced un­prece­dented hard­ships and suf­fer­ings at the hands of was a huge and un­for­get­table tragedy that will re­main blood soaked in the his­tory pages of the world where no other coun­try paid such a high price of hu­man life as the Sovi­ets did. Twenty Seven mil­lion Soviet cit­i­zens lost their lives dur­ing the war. Ac­cord­ing to an es­ti­mate, dur­ing the war, 1,710 cities, more than 70,000 vil­lages and 32,000 fac­to­ries were de­stroyed. The to­tal dam­age amounted to $128 bil­lion. Due to heroic re­sis­tance and unity against all odds, win­ners at the end were still the Soviet peo­ple, who re­mained re­silient and stood fast and hence re­mained glo­ri­ous at the end. Even seventy years have passed since the end of the war but the mem­ory of the mind of the peo­ple of the re­gion es­pe­cially the Rus­sian peo­ple and it will pass on to “gen­er­a­tion to gen­er­a­tion, from par­ents to chil­dren, from heart to heart”. Pres­i­dent of the Rus­sian Fed­er­a­tion, Mr.Vladimir Putin once said while ad­dress­ing on sim­i­larly oc­ca­sion pre­vi­ously, that “the might be­hind this right­eous unity is love for Rus­sia, our home, our rel­a­tives and our fam­ily. Th­ese val­ues bring us to­gether to­day. Our en­tire na­tion fought valiantly to de­fend them.” The war that was started in June 1941 was turned into one of the bru­tal and most cruel bat­tles in the hu­man his­tory where there was huge loss of hu­man lives. The war lasted for 1,418 days and nights. The loss of Nazi forces near Moscow by the that Soviet Army gained in war. The battle con­tin­ued when Ger­man forces made a failed at­tempt to cap­ture the city of Stal­in­grad (present day Vol­gograd). The battle for this city lasted for more than six months, hence caus­ing huge loss of lives and in­fra­struc­ture. Fi­nally Soviet Forces led by Gen­eral Ge­orgiy K Zhukov made the at­tempt to force the op­po­si­tion to sur­ren­der Stal­in­grad in 1943. This victory for Stal­in­grad was a morale booster and proved de­ci­sive for the Red Army. His­tory also re­veals that the most trau­matic battle was for Len­ingrad, fa­mously known as “blocked of Len­ingrad” for which lasted for 880 days. The Len­ingrad was for­mer cap­i­tal of Rus­sia and sym­bol of Rus­sian Revo­lu­tion also and win­ning this city was the strate­gic goals for Ger­man plan for the Eastern Front. It turned out to be the blood­i­est episode of the whole war in terms of huge loss of hu­man lives dur­ing the war and of­fen­sive for this sin­gle city. Even it claimed more vic­tims than the com­bined losses of the U.S and Bri­tain in the whole Sec­ond World War. Then battle of Kursk-the great­est tank bat­tles of WW2 and hu­man his­tory took place. Later Red Army, with at­ti­tude of victory, bro­ken the Ger­man siege and moved be­yond the Soviet Fron­tiers hence reached into eastern Ger­many and cap­tured Ber­lin in May 1945, wherein the war ended with the sur­ren­der of the Nazi Ger­many , af­ter sign­ing the doc­u­ment of Sur­ren­der in May 1945. The day is cel­e­brated in 15 Soviet Re­publics af­ter the adop­tion of the sur­ren­der doc­u­ment on May 8, 1945 and then Soviet gov­ern­ment an­nounced the Victory early on May 9 af­ter the sign­ing cer­e­mony in Ber­lin. The date has be­come a na­tional hol­i­day – Victory Day and is com­mem­o­rated by or­ga­niz­ing a grand mil­i­tary pa­rade at Red Square in Moscow. The day has be­come part of the na­tional nar­ra­tive of the coun­try and has been given im­por­tance in cinema, lit­er­a­ture, his­tory lessons at ed­u­ca­tion in­sti­tu­tions, mass me­dia and the arts. The rit­ual of the cel­e­bra­tion grad­u­ally ob­tained a dis­tinc­tive char­ac­ter with a num­ber of sim­i­lar el­e­ments: cer­e­mo­nial meet­ings, speeches, lec­tures, re­cep­tions up­com­ing 70th An­niver­sary cel­e­bra­tions of the Victory Day in Rus­sia will be the largest one in Rus­sia’s mod­ern his­tory. Thou­sands of peo­ple from the coun­try and across the world will come to wit­ness this glo­ri­ous day in Moscow.

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