Water Vivifying Pakistan-Tajikistan Fraternity
Central Asian countries are in the main spotlight of the modern world policy due to its geopolitical markets, raw materials, transportcommunication opportunities and geostrategic position, the nations residing here have also rich history and culture. Silk Way passing from Central Asia has created grounds for convergence and development of nations and cultures since ancient times. Former post soviet Muslim states have drawn attention of the international community and particularly the Asian countries after the collapse of SSSR and intensive relations therewith started to be built since 1992. Bilateral and multilateral relations with large and small countries of Asia and relations with international and regional bodies established in this region and special direction in the foreign policy of Pakistan which is one of the largest countries of the continent. One of these directions is the partnership with the Central Asian countries. Of course, these states which recently gained independence were quite interested in building cooperation with the whole world, as well as neighbor Muslim countries. To open up to both the Western and Eastern countries and their help in independent state building process and to rely on big Muslim countries in elimination of existing problems on this way were frequently observed as a public requirement at that period. Cooperation of the Central Asian countries which recently gained independence with other big Muslim countries, particularly Islamic Republic of Pakistan has developed mainly within the framework of the Organization of Economic Cooperation. Organization of Economic Cooperation has currently turned to a big regional integration body of Eurasia combining Iran, Turkey, Azerbaijan, Afghanistan, and Tajikistan and further four states of the Central Asia in it. Furthermore, the countries being a member of an additional organization prefer bilateral relations too. When it comes to bilateral relations, the relations of these countries with Islamic Republic of Pakistan, one of the Muslim countries should be particularly noted and independent point of Eurasia in a very suitable geopolitical position has every time attached a great importance to bilateral relations with Pakistan. Namely Islamic Republic of Pakistan has been one of the independence of Tajikistan after the latter declared its state independence in 1991. After the new government formed under the leadership of Navaz Sharif, the Prime Minister in Pakistan announced its intent to live in a peace condition with all neighbors of Pakistan, as well as all countries of the taken in such direction. One of such measures is “CASA-1000” electricity import project that will cover Central Asian and Southern Asian countries, envisaging delivery of electricity coming from Tajikistan and Kirghizstan to Pakistan and later on to India through Afghanistan aiming at to create a base of joint electricity in the region. It should be noted that, Temir Sariyev, the Prime Minister of Kirghizstan stated during visit of Navaz Sharif to Bishkek, the Prime Minister, by drawing attentions to realization of “CASA-1000” project prescribing the laying of high voltage electricity lines from Kirghizstan and Tajikistan to Afghanistan with Pakistan having energy problems, that will also give an impetus to the economic development of Kirghizstan. Development of society and population growth in most of Central Asian countries resulted in increase of demands to water and water resources in these countries which brought about
the problem of water shortage to turn to crisis. But at the same time, among them, Pakistan is in the most deplorable condition. As such, the problem of drinking water is in crisis situation in Pakistan these days. One of the principal reasons of it is that neighbor India hinders all rivers any time passing from the territory of India and coming to India and makes it to come up against water shortage, or leads to emergence such problem of these two countries is important to be settled by negotiations. As such, the importance of Pakistan has further increased even more for construction of gas pipeline with 1735 km in total length which will pass from Turkmenistan to India through Afghanistan and Pakistan and for implementation of this project. 200 km of the foregoing route with 33 billion cubic meter annual transportation capacity will extend to Fazilka residential area situated on border with India through Turkmenistan, 735 km of which through Afghanistan and 800 km of which through Pakistan. If India reaches a peace agreement with Pakistan, its historical neighbor, then the construction of gas pipeline in the amount of 10 billion dollars shall be visit of Navaz Sharif, the Prime Minister to Turkmenistan on May 20 to discuss the TAPI (Turkmenistan-AfghanistanPakistan-India) project shall be a vivid example of Pakistan being in favor of peace. Pakistan government searches new water resources to eliminate the demand of the population to the drinking water and shortcoming in irrigation and that, one of these projects is to export water from the fraternal Tajikistan which possesses abundant water resources. But it is important to have a look some obstacles may arise here. The obstacle in export of the water of Tajikistan is not only absence of infrastructure. The in some areas within Tajikistan and objections of the south neighbors to the water policy of Tajikistan. As such, one third of the water of the Central Asian countries is supplied from the springs in the mountains of Tajikistan. Though there is plenty of water resources in this country, big majority of the country’s population still face with drinkable water problem. Besides, southern neighbors of Tajikistan are worried about construction of water dams in this country. As provision of those countries’ demands to water directly depend on Tajikistan. Water shortage may arise in those countries by construction of water dams and export of water to other countries in Tajikistan. This in its turn is one of the issues bothering those countries and namely for this reason, those countries will object to the program of water export of like to note that consecutive visits of Navaz Sharif, the Prime Minister to the Central Asian countries aiming at elimination of obstacles that may arise in realization of such projects in future too, will give impetus further development of both mutual fraternal relations and earlier settlement of social and economic problems in the Central Asian countries.