Wa­ter Viv­i­fy­ing Pak­istan-Ta­jik­istan Fra­ter­nity

The Diplomatic Insight - - News - El­dost Ibrahi­mov

Cen­tral Asian coun­tries are in the main spotlight of the mod­ern world pol­icy due to its geopo­lit­i­cal mar­kets, raw ma­te­ri­als, trans­port­com­mu­ni­ca­tion op­por­tu­ni­ties and geostrate­gic po­si­tion, the na­tions re­sid­ing here have also rich history and cul­ture. Silk Way pass­ing from Cen­tral Asia has cre­ated grounds for con­ver­gence and de­vel­op­ment of na­tions and cul­tures since an­cient times. For­mer post soviet Mus­lim states have drawn at­ten­tion of the in­ter­na­tional com­mu­nity and par­tic­u­larly the Asian coun­tries af­ter the col­lapse of SSSR and in­ten­sive re­la­tions there­with started to be built since 1992. Bi­lat­eral and mul­ti­lat­eral re­la­tions with large and small coun­tries of Asia and re­la­tions with in­ter­na­tional and re­gional bod­ies es­tab­lished in this re­gion and spe­cial di­rec­tion in the for­eign pol­icy of Pak­istan which is one of the largest coun­tries of the con­ti­nent. One of these di­rec­tions is the part­ner­ship with the Cen­tral Asian coun­tries. Of course, these states which re­cently gained in­de­pen­dence were quite in­ter­ested in build­ing co­op­er­a­tion with the whole world, as well as neigh­bor Mus­lim coun­tries. To open up to both the Western and Eastern coun­tries and their help in in­de­pen­dent state build­ing process and to rely on big Mus­lim coun­tries in elim­i­na­tion of ex­ist­ing prob­lems on this way were fre­quently ob­served as a public re­quire­ment at that pe­riod. Co­op­er­a­tion of the Cen­tral Asian coun­tries which re­cently gained in­de­pen­dence with other big Mus­lim coun­tries, par­tic­u­larly Is­lamic Re­pub­lic of Pak­istan has de­vel­oped mainly within the frame­work of the Or­ga­ni­za­tion of Eco­nomic Co­op­er­a­tion. Or­ga­ni­za­tion of Eco­nomic Co­op­er­a­tion has cur­rently turned to a big re­gional in­te­gra­tion body of Eura­sia com­bin­ing Iran, Tur­key, Azer­bai­jan, Afghanistan, and Ta­jik­istan and fur­ther four states of the Cen­tral Asia in it. Fur­ther­more, the coun­tries be­ing a mem­ber of an ad­di­tional or­ga­ni­za­tion pre­fer bi­lat­eral re­la­tions too. When it comes to bi­lat­eral re­la­tions, the re­la­tions of these coun­tries with Is­lamic Re­pub­lic of Pak­istan, one of the Mus­lim coun­tries should be par­tic­u­larly noted and in­de­pen­dent point of Eura­sia in a very suit­able geopo­lit­i­cal po­si­tion has ev­ery time at­tached a great im­por­tance to bi­lat­eral re­la­tions with Pak­istan. Namely Is­lamic Re­pub­lic of Pak­istan has been one of the in­de­pen­dence of Ta­jik­istan af­ter the lat­ter de­clared its state in­de­pen­dence in 1991. Af­ter the new gov­ern­ment formed un­der the lead­er­ship of Navaz Sharif, the Prime Min­is­ter in Pak­istan an­nounced its in­tent to live in a peace con­di­tion with all neigh­bors of Pak­istan, as well as all coun­tries of the taken in such di­rec­tion. One of such mea­sures is “CASA-1000” elec­tric­ity im­port pro­ject that will cover Cen­tral Asian and South­ern Asian coun­tries, en­vis­ag­ing de­liv­ery of elec­tric­ity com­ing from Ta­jik­istan and Kirghizs­tan to Pak­istan and later on to In­dia through Afghanistan aim­ing at to cre­ate a base of joint elec­tric­ity in the re­gion. It should be noted that, Temir Sariyev, the Prime Min­is­ter of Kirghizs­tan stated dur­ing visit of Navaz Sharif to Bishkek, the Prime Min­is­ter, by draw­ing at­ten­tions to re­al­iza­tion of “CASA-1000” pro­ject pre­scrib­ing the lay­ing of high volt­age elec­tric­ity lines from Kirghizs­tan and Ta­jik­istan to Afghanistan with Pak­istan hav­ing energy prob­lems, that will also give an im­pe­tus to the eco­nomic de­vel­op­ment of Kirghizs­tan. De­vel­op­ment of so­ci­ety and pop­u­la­tion growth in most of Cen­tral Asian coun­tries re­sulted in in­crease of de­mands to wa­ter and wa­ter re­sources in these coun­tries which brought about

the prob­lem of wa­ter short­age to turn to cri­sis. But at the same time, among them, Pak­istan is in the most de­plorable con­di­tion. As such, the prob­lem of drink­ing wa­ter is in cri­sis sit­u­a­tion in Pak­istan these days. One of the prin­ci­pal rea­sons of it is that neigh­bor In­dia hin­ders all rivers any time pass­ing from the ter­ri­tory of In­dia and com­ing to In­dia and makes it to come up against wa­ter short­age, or leads to emer­gence such prob­lem of these two coun­tries is im­por­tant to be set­tled by ne­go­ti­a­tions. As such, the im­por­tance of Pak­istan has fur­ther in­creased even more for con­struc­tion of gas pipeline with 1735 km in to­tal length which will pass from Turk­menistan to In­dia through Afghanistan and Pak­istan and for im­ple­men­ta­tion of this pro­ject. 200 km of the fore­go­ing route with 33 bil­lion cu­bic me­ter an­nual trans­porta­tion ca­pac­ity will ex­tend to Fazilka residential area si­t­u­ated on bor­der with In­dia through Turk­menistan, 735 km of which through Afghanistan and 800 km of which through Pak­istan. If In­dia reaches a peace agree­ment with Pak­istan, its his­tor­i­cal neigh­bor, then the con­struc­tion of gas pipeline in the amount of 10 bil­lion dol­lars shall be visit of Navaz Sharif, the Prime Min­is­ter to Turk­menistan on May 20 to dis­cuss the TAPI (Turk­menistan-AfghanistanPak­istan-In­dia) pro­ject shall be a vivid ex­am­ple of Pak­istan be­ing in fa­vor of peace. Pak­istan gov­ern­ment searches new wa­ter re­sources to elim­i­nate the de­mand of the pop­u­la­tion to the drink­ing wa­ter and short­com­ing in ir­ri­ga­tion and that, one of these projects is to ex­port wa­ter from the fra­ter­nal Ta­jik­istan which pos­sesses abun­dant wa­ter re­sources. But it is im­por­tant to have a look some ob­sta­cles may arise here. The ob­sta­cle in ex­port of the wa­ter of Ta­jik­istan is not only ab­sence of in­fra­struc­ture. The in some ar­eas within Ta­jik­istan and ob­jec­tions of the south neigh­bors to the wa­ter pol­icy of Ta­jik­istan. As such, one third of the wa­ter of the Cen­tral Asian coun­tries is supplied from the springs in the moun­tains of Ta­jik­istan. Though there is plenty of wa­ter re­sources in this coun­try, big ma­jor­ity of the coun­try’s pop­u­la­tion still face with drink­able wa­ter prob­lem. Be­sides, south­ern neigh­bors of Ta­jik­istan are wor­ried about con­struc­tion of wa­ter dams in this coun­try. As pro­vi­sion of those coun­tries’ de­mands to wa­ter di­rectly de­pend on Ta­jik­istan. Wa­ter short­age may arise in those coun­tries by con­struc­tion of wa­ter dams and ex­port of wa­ter to other coun­tries in Ta­jik­istan. This in its turn is one of the is­sues both­er­ing those coun­tries and namely for this rea­son, those coun­tries will ob­ject to the pro­gram of wa­ter ex­port of like to note that con­sec­u­tive vis­its of Navaz Sharif, the Prime Min­is­ter to the Cen­tral Asian coun­tries aim­ing at elim­i­na­tion of ob­sta­cles that may arise in re­al­iza­tion of such projects in fu­ture too, will give im­pe­tus fur­ther de­vel­op­ment of both mu­tual fra­ter­nal re­la­tions and ear­lier set­tle­ment of so­cial and eco­nomic prob­lems in the Cen­tral Asian coun­tries.

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