Ta­jik­istan –A Trust­wor­thy Friend of Pak­istan

The Diplomatic Insight - - News - Muham­mad Asif Noor

Re­cent visit of Prime Min­is­ter of Pak­istan Mian Muham­mad Nawaz Sharif to Re­pub­lic of Ta­jik­istan, known as the heart of the Cen­tral Asia, the land of snow, mead­ows and moun­tains, was a wa­ter­shed mo­ment for tak­ing the re­la­tions to new lev­els. Prime Min­is­ter to Re­pub­lic of Ta­jik­istan, one of the im­por­tant coun­tries of the re­gion, at the in­vi­ta­tion of Pres­i­dent of Ta­jik­istan Mr. Emo­mali Rah­mon. He was ac­com­pa­nied by a del­e­ga­tion in­clud­ing the Min­is­ter of State for Wa­ter and Power Abid Sher Ali, Min­is­ter of Textile In­dus­try Ab­bas Khan Afridi, the Min­is­ter of State for The Prime Min­is­ter also par­tic­i­pated in the In­ter­na­tional Con­fer­ence on the Im­ple­men­ta­tion of the In­ter­na­tional Decade for Ac­tion, “Wa­ter for Life” 2005-2015. The Con­fer­ence was hosted by Ta­jik­istan in pur­suance of the UN Gen­eral Assem­bly res­o­lu­tion, which was co-spon­sored by Pak­istan. The Con­fer­ence re­viewed the sta­tus of im­ple­men­ta­tion of the ob­jec­tives of the Decade, which in­clude im­ple­men­ta­tion of wa­ter-re­lated in­ter­na­tion­ally agreed goals. At the end of the Sum­mit, a for­mal dec­la­ra­tion was adopted to en­hance the mea­sures to achieve the goals of so­cio-eco­nomic sus­tain­able de­vel­op­ment re­lated to wa­ter and its con­ser­va­tion. Later Prime Min­is­ter held one-on-one meet­ing with Pres­i­dent of Ta­jik­istan at Qasr-e-Mil­lat. Pak­istan. Dur­ing the meet­ing, it was re­it­er­ated to strengthen the bi­lat­eral re­la­tions to much higher level through sev­eral projects, pro­pos­als, aims, ob­jec­tives and agree­ments. Both states signed an agree­ment and four Mem­o­randa of Un­der­stand­ing un­der which the two coun­tries will co­op­er­ate with each other for the erad­i­ca­tion of ter­ror­ism, pro­mo­tion of tech­ni­cal co­op­er­a­tion for the up­lift of textile in­dus­try, pro­fes­sional and tech­ni­cal train­ing and co­op­er­a­tion for the pro­mo­tion of cul­ture. High­light of the visit was the dis­cus­sion, de­lib­er­a­tions and urge to move ahead with CASA-1000 pro­ject. energy co­op­er­a­tion among Ta­jik­istan, Pak­istan, Afghanistan and Kyr­gyzs­tan hence was the ma­jor agenda of the talk be­tween the two sides. The joint com­mu­nique is­sued at the end of visit of Prime Min­is­ter of Pak­istan men­tions that the lead­ers of Pak­istan and Ta­jik­istan of a tri­lat­eral agree­ment on transit trade among Afghanistan, Pak­istan and Ta­jik­istan as it will con­trib­ute to im­prov­ing eco­nomic and trade re­la­tions by giv­ing greater im­pe­tus to re­gional co­op­er­a­tion. The com­mu­nique stressed the need to strengthen the ca­pac­ity of transit and trans­porta­tion, in­clud­ing through en­hanced co­op­er­a­tion at the re­gional level. It was agreed to or­ga­nize meet­ings of Joint Com­mis­sion on Energy & In­fra­struc­ture twice a year to ex­plore the pos­si­bil­i­ties of mu­tu­ally of energy and in­fra­struc­ture. Both coun­tries will co­op­er­ate with each other re­gional and global se­cu­rity. It was also de­cided to hold Pak­istani Prod­uct Ex­hi­bi­tion in Dushanbe Oc­to­ber 2015. It is worth no­table here also that Ta­jik­istan is sec­ond coun­try af­ter China which has hosted 20 chil­dren and School, Peshawar, to en­able them to re­cover from the psy­cho­log­i­cal trauma af­ter De­cem­ber 2014 at­tack. While glanc­ing at history of re­la­tions be­tween Pak­istan and Ta­jik­istan, coun­tries to es­tab­lish diplo­matic re­la­tions with Ta­jik­istan soon af­ter the lat­ter gained in­de­pen­dence in 1991. End of Cold war opened new cor­ri­dors for Pak­istan to ex­plore in this energy rich re­gion. Stal­warts of for­eign pol­icy these states at that time and con­tin­ued build­ing on to de­velop re­la­tions with these states on bi­lat­eral level. Pak­istan opened its em­bassy in Dushanbe in 1993 while Ta­jik­istan opened its diplo­matic mis­sion in Pak­istan four years later in 1997. Bi­lat­eral ties be­tween the two coun­tries are ac­tu­ally based on mu­tual re­spect, shared in­ter­ests, and a com­mon de­sire to pro­mote peace, sta­bil­ity and de­vel­op­ment in the re­gion and be­yond.

Both sides al­ways co­op­er­ated with each other on bi­lat­eral is­sues. Ma­jor thrust of en­gage­ment with each other is “trade, in­vest­ment, energy, con­nec­tiv­ity, peo­ple-to-peo­ple con­tacts, tourism, cul­ture”. Both states also stood by each other at UN,OIC, ECO and SCO along with other rel­e­vant re­gional and in­ter­na­tional or­ga­ni­za­tions. Pak­istan also re­ceived tremen­dous sup­port from Ta­jik­istan in its re­cent bid for mem­ber­ship in SCO – one of the largest coun­tries, of which Pak­istan is now a per­ma­nent mem­ber. The ge­o­graph­i­cal prox­im­ity, re­li­gious and cul­tural jux­ta­po­si­tion of the two coun­tries has also pro­vided a solid foun­da­tion for en­hanc­ing the re­la­tions as the two are sep­a­rated only by mere 14 km Wakhan cor­ri­dor. Dur­ing the early years of re­la­tions, sev­eral high level vis­its took place in­clud­ing Pres­i­dent Gen Pervez Mushar­raf and Prime Min­is­ter Shaukat Aziz, along with this Pres­i­dent of Ta­jik­istan Mr.Emo­mali Rah­man also joint com­mis­sions to ad­dress bi­lat­eral eco­nomic, com­mer­cial, eco­nomic, science and tech­ni­cal co­op­er­a­tion were es­tab­lished and are ac­tive and func­tional since then. In 2005, Ta­jik Em­bassy was in­au­gu­rated in Is­lam­abad while the con­struc­tion of new build­ing for the Em­bassy has also been started within Diplo­matic En­clave since 2013. Pak­istan and Ta­jik­istan also signed 30 agree­ments, pro­to­cols and MoUs com­mu­ni­ca­tions, trans­port and con­struc­tions of roads, in­sur­ance, air trans­port, in­vest­ments and in­dus­try, agri­cul­tural and food in­dus­try, science and tech­nol­ogy, health, tourism, ed­u­ca­tion, and cul­ture on the ba­sis of mu­tual equal­ity, and in­creased the level of trade. Pak­istan is prov­ing as a gate­way for Ta­jik­istan to ac­cess the warm wa­ters and out­reach to­wards the world es­pe­cially through Gwadar port hence pro­vid­ing op­por­tu­nity to the coun­try to boost cheaper trade. While Ta­jik­istan has all the po­ten­tial to pro­vide ac­cess to­wards the Cen­tral Asian re­gion as be­ing strate­gi­cally lo­cated at the heart of Cen­tral Asia. Ta­jik­istan is hub and has huge re­source of hy­dropower and elec­tric­ity with hav­ing cheap­est rates in the world. Pak­istan with hav­ing chronic energy dearth can be re­solved in work­ing with the Ta­jik­istan which is as­sur­ing the sup­ply of elec­tric­ity re­quire­ments and is will­ing to ex­port to the re­gional coun­tries, of which Pak­istan here that since Ta­jik­istan is the world’s third largest pro­ducer of hy­dro­elec­tric power af­ter the US and Rus­sia, Pak­istan is re­cently in con­ver­sa­tion with the coun­ter­parts in Ta­jik­istan about CASA1000 Pro­ject to be ma­te­ri­al­ized soon hence en­able Ta­jik­istan to im­port 1,000MW of elec­tric­ity to meet its grow­ing energy needs. Hy­dro­elec­tric gen­er­a­tion ac­counts for 76 per cent of the to­tal energy out­put of Ta­jik­istan. An es­ti­mated 3,908 mil­lion KWh of elec­tric­ity was ex­ported from Ta­jik­istan in 2000. Energy con­sump­tion per capita is among the low­est in the NIS. Ma­jor con­nec­tion will be the energy ex­port and trans­mis­sion line pro­ject via PhuleKhumri and Kabul till Pak­istan. The pro­ject re­ceived sup­port from sev­eral Both states also agreed to co­op­er­ate in Dur­ing the visit of the Prime Min­is­ter of Pak­istan to Ta­jik­istan, agree­ment about en­hanc­ing con­nec­tiv­ity by air, pro­mot­ing peo­ple-to-peo­ple con­tacts and im­prov­ing tourism. There was a pro­posal by one of the Ta­jik Air­lines dis­cussed and ac­cepted for op­er­a­tion was a dire need to ex­pand the link­ages through ex­plor­ing the pos­si­bil­i­ties of build­ing net­works of roads, link­ing them with the re­gional coun­tries and reach­ing out each other’s mar­kets, pro­vid­ing ac­cess to seas and larger mar­kets of cen­tral Asia are few of the re­cip­ro­cal ven­tures, which will be the fu­ture goals for both states. This is con­sid­ered as a big break­through in the re­la­tions to have di­rect link­ages hence im­prov­ing the con­nec­tiv­ity. Ta­jik­istan is also lay­ing em­pha­sis on build­ing and en­hanc­ing con­nec­tiv­ity. It is fo­cus­ing on to build high­way, roads, rail links and bridges for en­hanc­ing com­mu­ni­ca­tions with the re­gional coun­tries. These projects would also help link both Pak­istan and Ta­jik­istan. Re­la­tion­ship be­tween states, though, based on mu­tual in­ter­ests es­pe­cially eco­nomic, com­mer­cial, trade, po­lit­i­cal and strate­gic rea­sons but what ce­ments the ties to higher lev­els is peo­ple-topeo­ple con­tacts and heart-to-heart re­la­tions amongst na­tions. And when we dis­cuss about re­la­tions be­tween Ta­jik­istan and Pak­istan, peo­ple-topeo­ple con­tacts are on the rise and ever grow­ing with each pass­ing day. In­crease in Tourism at­trac­tion and aware­ness about the coun­try has made peo­ple from both sides to visit Saints like that of Hazrat Syed Amir Kabir Ali Ham­dani( known as Hazrat has preached Is­lam through­out the sub­con­ti­nent and across Cen­tral Asia. Last year, Ta­jik­istan cel­e­brated the 700th an­niver­sary of Mir Syed Ali bin Sha­hab-ud-Din Ha­madani and 600th Hazrat Mawlana Noorud­din Ab­dur Rah­man Jami to com­mem­o­rate their Mus­lim world through­out the re­gion. These are the con­nect­ing and ce­ment­ing points be­tween both the na­tions. Sev­eral Pak­ista­nis have also trav­eled to Ta­jik­istan to serve at dif­fer­ent po­si­tions while there are few hun­dred thou­sands of Ta­jik youth that are opt­ing to study in dif­fer­ent ed­u­ca­tion in­sti­tu­tions of Pak­istan. They are ac­tu­ally the am­bas­sadors of each other’s na­tions who are build­ing the good will and de­vel­op­ing the re­la­tion­ships for our bet­ter and brighter fu­ture. Based on the given con­text and back­ground, it is be­lieved that the re­la­tion­ship be­tween Pak­istan and Ta­jik­istan would grow with leaps and bounds. Both coun­tries have aims that are co­her­ent to bring peace, pros­per­ity and de­vel­op­ment to­wards the re­gion.

Pak­istan-Ta­jik­istan Dosti Zind­abad.

Newspapers in English

Newspapers from Pakistan

© PressReader. All rights reserved.