Russian city of Ufa, the capital of the Russian republic of Bashkortostan, was in the limelight for obvious reasons since the city was hosting two grands summits, one was 15th meeting of the Council of Heads of State of the Shanghai Cooperation Organization (SCO) while the second was the 7th BRICS( summit of the head of states or government of Brazil, Russia, India, China and South Africa. Several and BRICS, are expected to cause far reaching implications for regional and international security and political dynamics in the next coming days. First and foremost is admission of Pakistan and India as full members to SCO, a much awaited decision taken by the forum. While giving his opening speech at the SCO Summit, Russian President Mr.Vladimir Putin formally announced the induction of Pakistan and India within the forum. After a long time, the expansion has been announced by the SCO that groups China, Russia and the former Soviet republics of Tajikistan, Uzbekistan, Kazakhstan and Kyrgyzstan, while Iran, Afghanistan and Mongolia are having observer status. Belarus was also elevated to the status of observer from dialogue partner, and Azerbaijan, Armenia, Cambodia and Nepal were accepted as dialogue partners. Pakistan sought full membership in 2006 while in 2014 by India. Pakistan and India’s admission will play an important role in SCO’s development and the forum will help iron out the differences between the India and Pakistan under the SCO framework. Moreover, other than mending fences between traditional rivals, the SCO expansion also bodes well for countering terrorism and extremism in the region, a key task for the SCO since its establishment. Since the formation of the forum, SCO remained a constructive power and contributed in regional peace and development efforts through several projects and initiatives including the recent approval of SCO Development Strategy until 2025 hence setting targets and tasks for the next decade. The regional countries are eager the “Shanghai Spirit” of mutual trust, mutual cultural diversity and pursuit of common development is widely recognized by the international community. SCO has made eradicating ever rising terrorism threats in the region. Regional Anti-Terrorist Structure of the Shanghai Cooperation Organization (SCO RATS) is one such structure that will get a boost in its anti-terrorism network by presence of Pakistan and India as both face challenges of terrorism, separatism and extremism. As India is world’s ninth largest economy and Pakistan having the strategic location of being located at the crossroad of Silk Road Economic Belt and 21st Century Maritime Silk Road and new project of China-Pakistan Economic Corridor, both states are all set to provide further booster to “emerging regional security and economic bloc”. The expanded SCO will provide support to ensure positive, constructive, stabilizing, and economic and security cooperative role in the Eurasian region. On the other hand, 7th Brazil, Russia, India, China and South Africa (BRICS) summit of the head of states also took place at the same city, which also remained under the lime light. The main thrust of the Summit was to strengthen the grouping through enhanced connectivity, economic development and support in order to support in the international peace and security and humanitarian assistance. The grouping, a brain child Goldman Sachs’ chief economist Jim O’Neill, collectively accounts for nearly half the human race and the economies in accumulation overtake the entire G-7 before 2050. The growing regionalism and emergence of powerhouses has resulted into further strengthening the stability, peace and prosperity of the regions, which bodes well for the entire world. place that overshadowed the other “meetings on the sidelines” during the Summit. The much talked about dialogue between prime ministers of India and Pakistan, after a major lapse of several months of derogatory statements and disengagement from Indian side. Both sides agreed on several important steps to be taken and resolve all the outstanding disputes. Prime Minister Nawaz Sharif also invited Mr.Narendra Modi to participate in upcoming South Asian Association of Regional Cooperation (Saarc) summit in 2016, which he accepted. This was Nawaz attended Modi’s swearing-in ceremony in May 2014.The peace process between the two was on a halt since the two nuclear power neighbors have suspended their meetings since January 2013 due to tensions at LoC. Also the recent hostile statements from both sides also made the relationship further vitiated. Pakistani military also began expressing concerns over the involvement of India in “subversive activities in Pakistan” However, call from Mr.Modi for greeting of Ramzan was a fresh air. The meeting, although well received by the international community but Prime Minister Nawaz Sharif is facing wrath of Kashmiri leadership for ignoring Kashmir and recently Huriyat Leader refused the invitation by the Pakistani High Commission issue and resolve all the outstanding disputes including Kashmir. Any agreement between the two forgetting Kashmir dispute and wishes and aspiration of the region wont help the regional peace and stability.