The Failed Turk­ish Coup

The Diplomatic Insight - - Front Page - The ex­pe­ri­ence in Egypt was a failed Dr Ah­mad Rashid Ma­lik

This was a heroic mass strug­gle. The peo­ple’s rev­o­lu­tion turned suc­cess­ful in Turkey on July 15. Democ­racy has been saved. Despotic forces have been crushed. Turkey could not plunge into to­tal chaos. It is also Turk­ish pros­per­ity that re­fused to time. This is the real “Is­lamic Spring” – a model for other Is­lamic coun­tries in the bloc to fol­low. The failed Turk­ish coup d’état wrote new les­sons of how fee­ble democ­ra­cies could main­tain their con­trol over strong armed forces and live un­der civil con­trol. Pak­istan could learn a great deal of les­sons from the failed mil­i­tary takeover in Turkey. Civil­ian con­sti­tu­tional con­trol over the armed forces should be strength­ened the way it was strength­ened in Ja­pan and In­dia and now also in Turkey. Pak­istan did not learn from Ja­pan and again from In­dia for ob­vi­ous rea­sons. Time has come that Pak­istan should learn at least from Turkey. one too. With Amer­i­can sup­port, the Morsi gov­ern­ment was taken over by the mil­i­tary. The Gov­ern­ment faced se­ri­ous prose­cu­tions. Egyp­tian ex­pe­ri­ence dispir­ited democ­racy. The peo­ple’s sup­port in Turkey and their democ­racy. Turkey had re­mained un­der long­mil­i­tary rule for four times in its his­tory. The mil­i­tary dic­ta­tor­ship was im­posed in 1960, 1971, 1980, and 1997. The Sharif Gov­ern­ment of­ten faces tur­moil as op­po­si­tion lead­ers of­ten gave ser­mons for mil­i­tary takeover. Like Turkey, Pak­istan also ex­pe­ri­enced four mil­i­tary dic­ta­tor­ships that also failed to bring about a trans­par­ent and good gov­ern­ment and mer­i­toc­racy. In Pak­istan’s case, mil­i­tary is not “ha­bit­ual” to live by the Con­sti­tu­tion – the ba­sic doc­u­ment to run the State. The 1956 Con­sti­tu­tion was ab­ro­gated. So was the 1973 Con­sti­tu­tion that was sus­pended twice by the mil­i­tary gen­er­als. In 1962, mil­i­tary framed its peo­ple’s as­pi­ra­tions. It has only been eight years since the Con­sti­tu­tion has been func­tion­ing but has been re­peat­edly threat­ened by op­po­si­tion and now by the so-called Move On Pak­istan party, that put up coun­try-wide posters to in­vite the army to over­throw and takeover the elected gov­ern­ment. it does not mean that they over­throw the elected Par­lia­ment and Gov­ern­ment to clean up the mess. Turk­ish mil­i­tary is is sup­posed to help the civil gov­ern­ment but “guards can­not be­come own­ers”. It is as sim­ple. A demo­cratic gov­ern­ment has come po­lit­i­cal pro­cesses. This must be re­spected. The strug­gle of the All-In­dia Mus­lim League was spanned over 41 years. This was a po­lit­i­cal process, which was even not hin­dered by colo­nial masters. The brown rulers also re­spect this process and do not con­spire to dam­age this process as this would only bring about the so-called Arab Spring type of chaos and anar­chy and plunge the whole coun­try into Afghan type of un­end­ing crises. The Turk­ish failed mil­i­tary at­tempt is a good les­son for op­po­si­tion lead­ers in Pak­istan who want to grab power through Dhar­nas and ral­lies in the name of Panama, mega cor­rup­tion, or what­ever points they have in their

The suc­cess­ful tack­ing of coup set ex­am­ple for other de­vel­op­ing coun­tries

demo­cratic cre­den­tials and do not try to over­throw the elected Gov­ern­ment us­ing the un­demo­cratic means. Democ­racy has a proper pro­ce­dure to change a gov­ern­ment. Per­sonal emo­tions can­not work. Mil­i­tary dic­ta­tor­ship is the worst form of gov­er­nance. The Turk­ish failed coup d’état has of­fered great les­sons for the su­pe­rior ju­di­ciary as af­ter the suc­cess of the so-called coup d’état it­seeks/begs for ju­di­cial sup­port to be­come le­git­imised. Pak­istani ju­di­ciary is well known for its “nazaria za­roorat”. Elected lead­ers Ali Bhutto lost their lives to mil­i­tary dic­ta­tor­ships. Bhutto tried to save the life of Men­deres and Turkey tried to save the life of Bhutto but all in vain. This was too much a mil­i­tary dic­ta­tor could do to end the life an elected leader. The dis­missal of over 2745 judges in Turkey in­di­cated the burial of nazria za­roorat. Most of these judges were in con­tact with the ex­iled re­li­gious leader Fethul­lah Gulen in Penn­syl­va­nia. Many coup lead­ers are pro-Gulen. His role is not out of con­text. Both Turk­ish Gulen in this failed coup d’état. Turkey de­manded his ex­tra­di­tion. The vi­o­lence killed 290 peo­ple and in­jured 1400. Over 6000 peo­ple have been de­tained in­clud­ing 100 gen­er­als. and Euro­pean me­dia neg­a­tively can see sto­ries of The New York Times and the Guardian. there was a di­rect Amer­i­can con­nec­tion. We must un­der­stand that there is nei­ther Tehreer square in Is­lam­abad nor is the story of Is­tan­bul as some are am­bi­tious to have it. They are sad­dened by events in Is­tan­bul. They should at least grow up to learn that who will rule Is­lam­abad, who in all four prov­inces, Gil­git-Baltistan, and Azad Kash­mir, will not be de­cided by canon but bal­lot. I hope the events of Is­tan­bul will not be re­peated in D-Chowk in Is­lam­abad against the wishes of for­eign-re­tuned/for­eign­trained/GHQ-trained politi­cians as some politi­cians are stag­ing the ral­lies again. It is high time to con­sol­i­date democ­racy in Pak­istan. The so­ci­ety should work and gear up. Amer­ica should re­frain in in­stalling the Pak­istan to han­dle the ISIS etc project. Mer­ce­nary pol­i­tics should come to an end in Pak­istan. We lost over 50,000 lives at least and in­curred a loss of over US$110 bil­lion or even more. A coun­try with a nu­clear arse­nal was made po­lit­i­cally and eco­nom­i­cally un­sta­ble. Enough is enough. Let’s not re­peat the siren of Amer­i­can fears. Let Amer­ica face the con­se­quences for its own for­eign pol­icy im­pli­ca­tions. We are tired of sup­port­ing as we have no say over Amer­i­can for­eign pol­icy be­hav­ior since the 1950s. in pol­i­tics should be taken to the task. So are bu­reau­crats, in­tel­lec­tu­als, think tank lead­ers, colum­nists, jour­nal­ists, and busi­ness­men etc. Peo­ple are ir­re­spon­si­ble and un­demo­cratic for post­ing such com­ments on So­cial Me­dia. They are pol­lut­ing the minds of peo­ple against democ­racy. Prime Min­is­ter Nawaz Sharif was the coup d’état and showed sol­i­dar­ity with the Turk­ish peo­ple. Turk­ish peo­ple have given a new boost to peo­ple in the Is­lamic world to up hold the cre­den­tials of democ­racy and not to bend to the so-called un­demo­cratic strong mil­i­tary dic­ta­tors. No mat­ter how cor­rupt is have to live with democ­racy. Turk­ish For­eign Min­is­ter Mev­lut Cavu­sogl vis­ited Is­lam­abad on 2 Au­gust to meet his coun­ter­part Sar­taj Aziz. point of view. Turkey is fast emerg­ing a no­table in­vestor in Pak­istan. It in­vested US$ 900 mil­lion and the room is fur­ther in­creas­ing un­der the CPEC. Af­ter the failed coup, his visit to Pak­istan was also in the con­text of Gulen-run schools. Turk­ish gov­ern­ment de­manded the clo­sure of these schools as the funds were di­verted to engi­neer coup in Nafees Zakria, had said Is­lam­abad was in con­tact with Ankara on the is­sue. Set up in 1995, Pak­istan has to see that how 10,000 stu­dents in 26 Turk­ish schools would be ac­com­mo­dated. The Turk­ish Gov­ern­ment also de­manded the closer of the Gulen-in­spired Rumi Fo­rum in Is­lam­abad. In short, the failed coup at­tempt as reper­cus­sions on bi­lat­eral po­lit­i­cal ties be­tween Pak­istan and Turkey and one has to see how they will re­solve them. The writer is a Se­nior Re­search Fel­low at the In­sti­tute of Strate­gic Stud­ies Is­lam­abad. He is an ex­pert on Ja­pan, China, and East Asian Af­fairs.

Pak­istan faces Turk­ish pres­sure to close Gu­len­run schools

Newspapers in English

Newspapers from Pakistan

© PressReader. All rights reserved.