Where the Saudis are heading?
fter more than six decades, Riyadh will witness the transfer of the throne from the father to son unlike the previous precedence of a brother to brother. Eventually, this nomination for crown prince in May 2017 has been seen with awe and wonders and received large scale attention of the global panorama. Kingdom of Saudi Arabia was formed by Abdul Aziz (son of Saud) in 1932, thanks to the discovery of oil in 1938 that strengthened this nascent monarchy that added more wealth to its power and the Middle Eastern and Gulf region.
The New Beginning
With the demise of Abdul Aziz bin Saud in 1953, the monarchy turned to the kingdom of brothers as after King Saud (the only father to son succession), Faisal, Khalid, Fahad, Abdullah and the incumbent Salman, pattern supported aforesaid succession. However, this precedent and well established norm of the royal family has been altered in favor of Muhammad bin Salman. The earlier contender to the throne, Muhammad bin Nayef had a key role militancy in KSA by acquiring the key position of interior minister and intelligence chief is believed to take rest and pay least interest in futuristic Saudi politics and its governmental affairs. This short memo is derived to have a vertical analysis of these developments and discuss possible changing dynamics of the domestic and regional politics. Saudi monarchy has been a typical example of absolute monarchies. Among 22 Arab states in Middle East and North African Region, Saudi Arabia stands second largest only after Algeria as far as the territorial size in entire Arab world is concerned. Besides this, it’s been the biggest oil producing the Arab world. Presently, it owns 1.4 trillion US$ of entire assets. It prefers in its separate and unique Arab identity than its Muslim identity. Recent Arab Islamic American summit which was held in May 2017 is a case in point. Previously during the 1950s, onus of the Arab leadership lied on Egypt led by Jamal Abdul Nasir. He happened to be a strong believer of an ideology what famously came to be referred as Nasserism which later raised the movement of Pan-Arabism or Arab