The Silk Road Spirit and Phenomenon of Connectivity
he Silk Road Spirit is having a deep and strong bond with the phenomenon of connectivity between different civilizations of the world as it was in the days of ancient Silk Road. The Old Silk Road was not just a road but it was a cradle of great heritage of human civilizations belonging from different vibrant regions such as South, Central and Middle East region till Roman Empire (Mediterranean Sea). Spanning thousands of miles and years, the ancient silk routes embody the spirit of “peace and cooperation, openness and inclusiveness, mutual learning is now a day part of Chinese idea of “Connectivity”, propagated through its Revolutionary idea of Belt and Road initiative (BRI). This article would analyze the whole BRI with its six economic corridors in connection with lens of connectivity under the Silk Road Spirit. The BRI was Xi Jiping in 2013, during his visit towards Central and Southeast Asia in September and October of 2013, where he raised the initiative with the forename of “The Silk Road Economic Belt and the 21st-Century Maritime Silk Road”. The Chinese idea of BRI is based on futuristic economic relationship among China’s neighbors and even beyond. It is now an upgraded version that emphasizes the mega scale connectivity through vibrant corridors of road, railways and maritime linkages. This forms vital portion of the Old Silk Road. It is imperative to understand the notion of “Silk”. Presently the “Silk” has a different connotation. It metaphorically stands for unique commodities such as hydrocarbon, oil, gas, gold and lithium etc, which have become a signpost for traders of the Silk Roads. Therefore, the countries with their “New Silk Products” the Hydrocarbon as well as the states which are providing the main connectivity to transfer theses reserves are becoming an important player of these New Silk Roads. In the 21st century, a new era marked by the theme of peace, development, Silk Road Spirit, at the same time the world is facing issues regarding weak recovery of the global economy, complex international and regional situations, clash of natural interests, humanitarian issues, hegemonic designs, excessive poverty, fragile economies, and exploding population etc. The BRI is Chinese acquisitions in 76 linked to President Xi Jinping’s signature foreign policy. The BRI provides a visionary blueprint for even global economic development in the new world order and offers a modernday solution that fosters inclusive growth and development in the 21st century. It refers to connectivity as in the days of Old Silk Road through two ways; (i) The land-based “Silk Road Economic Belt” and (ii) The seagoing “21st Century Maritime Silk Road”. Connectivity is the main theme under which the BRI is initiating projects. Beijing has initiated six main corridors; (i) Bangladesh, China, India and Myanmar Economic Corridor (BCIMEC), (ii)China-Indo-China Peninsula Economic Corridor (CICP-EC) (iii) China-Mongolia-Russia Economic Corridor (CMR-EC), (iv) ChinaPakistan Economic Corridor (C-PEC), (v) China-Central and West Asia Economic Corridor (CCWA-EC), (vi) New Eurasian Land Bridge (NELB).
(i) Bangladesh, China, India and Myanmar Economic Corridor (BCIM-EC)