Education Diplomacy alongside the Belt and Road
his paper argues that the regional political dynamics and economic cooperation initiatives taken by the China show that there is a possibility of forming an Asian Union. Moreover, as a part of “Belt and Road Initiative”, there is plenty of room to initiate an “Asian Education Union” with its own credit hour system, designed to make it easier for students to move between different countries along the belt. Since they are based on the learning achievements and workload of a course, a student could transfer these credits from one university to another, so they are added up to contribute to an individual’s degree program or training.
European Union Vs Eurasian Union and Asian Union
Recenlty, Pakistan and India has become permanent members of Shaghai Corporation Organisation, which is a huge step towards regional intergration and provoides plently of room for arena of educational diplomacy. If we look at the formation of European Union, shadow instruments like soft politics, cultural and educational diplomacy palyed a leading role in the integration of the region. Word “Integration” refers to connecting different parts, which gives a sense that it is something which requires engineering at micro level. But if we look at the history of the evolutionary process through which European Union have evolved, it demonstrates “integration” as a Macro level process. “The European Union is set up with the aim of ending the frequent and bloody wars between neighbors, which culminated in the Second World War. As of 1950, the European Coal and Steel Community begins to unite European countries economically and politically in order to secure lasting peace.”(Europe.Eu) Asia has seen a lot of gloom, bloodshed and despair. From the Eastern boarders of Asia to the Eastern boarders of Europe, history is evident of kingdoms falling into rebels and individuals rising to dictators. There were changes of geographical boarders and experiments of different economical systems. This is none other than what was happening in Europe. The bloodshed was less but people were still being persecuted by forced migrations, separations, economic sanctions, diversions of state budget and much more. Considering Japan as the eastern boarder of Asia to the Kazakhstan as western border, each country seems in a state of war or pretending to be neutral by ignoring the fact that they cannot be happy in a bad neighborhood. Time has come, where china’s “One Belt, One Road” projects provides a hope for Asian integration with a possibility of forming an Asian Union. The idea of forming an Asian Union is not a new concept. There are some similar but projects like ASEAN in East Asia and Custom Union in Central Asia are already working. Even there are some efforts being made to form a “Eurasian Union”. The possibility of making an Asian Union is more likely than a Eurasian Union. There is a huge similarity between initiation of European Integration process when countries started coming close of each other considering this fact that war is not good. Similarly, densely populated Asia is realizing the fact that people does matter, and wars have become practically impossible. The cooperation is the only solution and the demand of Chinese idea of starting a project by naming it as “One Belt, One Road” which is no other than economical framework of European Union, is a practical step to connect more than 60 countries from the Asia, Africa and Europe. The main purpose of this project is to improve the economical cooperation between the countries, sharing resources, building trusts and improving the cultural and educational exchanges (China Daily). The process of Asian Integration seems much easier than the European one because of the fact that Asian countries has stronger historical ties and sympathies towards each other, less aggression and more experience of dealing with multiculturalism. In addition to this, Central Asia, South Asia and Eastern Europe had no need to think about new routes. There are historical trade routes which need to be renovated only. There is a greater likelihood of a Eurasian Union because the moment when these Chinese routs will enter into Europe, the clash of values will emerge. Where a lot of “Social Stigmas” are attached with accepting Asian, as Europeans are accepting their other European fellows. Even academicians are comparing European values with Asian values considering them completely different from themselves. The work at macro level being done between Asian governments for economic integration advocates much higher in weightage than the cooperation going on between Asian and European countries. With the emergence of cooperating organizations and concepts like Asian Tigers, Asian Economic Powers, Custom Unions, SCO, ASEAN, SAARC we can advocate for an Asian Union which seems practically possible as compared with Eurasian Union. of Asian Union has been innitiated by Chian itself by reconstructing the Silk Road. The second step can in the area of