Shanghai Cooperation Organization- After Sochi
hanghai Cooperation Organization, since its inception in 2001, has transformed itself regional grouping that is reshaping the economic and security landscape for the entire member countries of the forum. The recent 16th Council of Heads of Government meeting took place at Sochi (Russia) under the chairmanship of Russian Federation wherein all the Head of Governments of member states were present to attend, discuss and dialogue about various issues related to improved development of the organization, enhanced engagement of the member countries, transformation in trade relations, economic, humanitarian ties along with the key focus on the progress towards the issue of peace and security in the region. Pakistan after their accession in June this year. With the presence of Pakistan and India, the potential of SCO has been increased the chances for the region to see convergence for interest in the areas of regional peace and security by for the divergences amongst the key players. However, there is still a need to broaden the horizon of SCO to expand the areas of cooperation and building partnerships with not only among the members’ states but with observers, dialogue partners and other international organizations as well. The organization has also added its focus on having not only peace and security as its priority area but economic development and collaborations too as well to link peace and development together. Having 20 % of the world’s GDP, 75% of world’s energy resources and covering 42 % of the world populations with four declared nuclear powers, Shanghai Cooperation Organization(SCO) was established in 2001 as intergovernmental organization of 18 countries, with currently having 8 permanent members including Russia, China, Uzbekistan, Kazakhstan, Tajikistan, Kyrgyzstan, Pakistan and India while Afghanistan, Belarus, Iran and Mongolia are observer states with six ‘dialogue partners’ that include Turkey, Azerbaijan, Armenia, Cambodia, Nepal and Sri Lanka. Apart from having primary focus on security, the SCO has exceptional potential for deeper economic opportunities between member states. With emergence of One Belt, One Road Initiative of 1 Trillion USD in multiple projects for building communications infrastructures across the South Asia, Russia and Europe, this organization is having multifarious opportunities for Pakistan. With rise in the strength of Eurasian Economic Union having GDP of over 4 trillion mounting high in the world. After the operationalisation of China Pakistan Economic Corridor project, increase in ties with Russia, extradition treaty between Pakistan and Uzbekistan for infrastructural connections, CASA1000, Turkmenistan-Afghanistan, Pakistan India(TAPI) pipeline project, Iran Pakistan India (IPI) project, functioning of Almaty-Karachi road via the Karakorams (Almaty-BishkekKashgar-Islamabad-Karachi network) are few of the examples of what the region is moving towards and i.e.