Food short­age likely in next 20 years

The Financial Daily - - NATIONAL -

KARACHI: Deputy Direc­tor Gen­eral, De­fense, Science and Tech­ni­cal Or­ga­ni­za­tion (DESTO) Prof. Dr. Sai­ful­lah Khan said that ac­cord­ing to ex­perts, two bil­lion world pop­u­la­tion may be in­creased in next twenty years, for this rea­son we may face an­other food cri­sis due to in­crease in pop­u­la­tion.

He said that in fu­ture this could be tackle through ben­e­fi­cial traits in crops via plant tis­sue cul­ture.

This he stated while de­liv­er­ing a lec­ture on "Plant Biotech­nol­ogy, Scope & Tech­nol­ogy Trends in Pak­istan" to the stu­dents of Bio­sciences De­part­ment, Mo­ham­mad Ali Jin­nah Uni­ver­sity, Karachi.

Se­nior fac­ulty mem­bers of Bio­sciences de­part­ment Dr. Khitab Gul, Dr. Huma Javed, Bushra Bi­lal, Anam Tariq and Faizan Saleem were also present on this oc­ca­sion.

High­light­ing upon the his­tor­i­cal back­ground of agri­cul­ture sec­tor, Dr. Sai­ful­lah Khan said that the world first faced acute food short­age prob­lem af­ter world war sec­ond. In or­der to over­come this cri­sis, Chem­i­cal rev­o­lu­tion was launched in agri­cul­ture sec­tor by in­tro­duc­ing use of chem­i­cal fer­til­izer and pes­ti­cides spray on crops. He said that af­ter chem­i­cal rev­o­lu­tion; green rev­o­lu­tion was started dur­ing which im­por­tance was given to the bet­ter yields crops.

He said that now Plant Biotech­nol­ogy has be­come most im­por­tant for agri­cul­ture sec­tor in Pak­istan be­cause it not only helps farm­ers to ac­quire bet­ter yields of their corps, but also save them from ex­penses in re­spect of the use of chem­i­cal fer­til­izer and spray of pes­ti­cides.

He said that in plant biotech­nol­ogy, we may trans­fer good qual­i­ties of a plant in other plants. He told that we have pro­duced a new kind of cot­ton crop which is known BT Cot­ton with the help of this tech­nol­ogy and ba­nana corps also saved from var­i­ous dis­eases.

Dr. Sai­ful­lah Khan in his lec­ture em­pha­sized on the ba­sic ne­ces­si­ties and the need of full skills re­quired in Pak­istan tis­sue cul­ture and to com­pete in in­ter­na­tional mar­ket. He fo­cused on cur­rent tech­niques use in plant tis­sue en­gi­neer­ing to ac­quire bet­ter yield of corps and to pro­duce disease free corps. Pak­istan. He said that the tis­sue cul­ture tech­nol­ogy can be help­ful to in­crease the ex­port qual­ity corps and fruits in Pak­istan to boost the econ­omy of the coun­try. - NNI

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